Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine

Kyiv 04:48

European Parliament resolution on the commemoration of the Holodomor, the Ukraine artificial famine (1932-1933)

Резолюція | № P6_TA-PROV(2008)0523 | 23.10.2008

The European Parliament,

– having regard to the Treaty on the European Union

– having regard to the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms;

– having regard to the UN Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide;

– having regard to the Joint Statement during the 58th Plenary Session of the UN General Assembly on the 70th Anniversary of the Holodomor in Ukraine, supported by 63 States, including all (then) 25 EU Member States;

– having regard to the Ukrainian Law on "Holodomor in Ukraine of 1932-1933", adopted on 28th November 2006;

– having regard to the statement of the President of the European Parliament on 21 November 2007, marking the start of the 75th anniversary of the Holodomor famine in Ukraine;

- having regard to the Final Statement and Recommendations of the Tenth Meeting of the EU-Ukraine Parliamentary Cooperation Committee, adopted on 27 February 2008;

A. whereas respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms is a basic principle of the EU;

B. whereas the UN Convention for the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide criminalises a number of acts committed with the intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnic, racial or religious group: killing members of the group; causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part; imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group, and forcibly transferring children of the group to another group;

C. whereas the Holodomor famine of 1932-1933 which costs the death of millions of Ukrainian's was cynically and cruelly planned by Stalin’s regime in order to force through the Soviet Union's policy of collectivisation of agriculture against the will of the rural population in Ukraine;

D. whereas recalling crimes against humanity in the history of Europe should help to prevent similar crimes in the future

E. underlines that European integration has been based on a readiness to come to terms with the XX century's tragic history; underlines that this reconciliation with a difficult history denotes any sense of collective guilt but forms a stable base for the construction of a common European future based on common values and a shared and interdependent future;

1. makes the following declaration to the people of Ukraine and in particular to the still living survivors of the Holodomor and the families and relatives of the victims;

(a) recognises the Holodomor (the artificial famine of 1932-1933 in Ukraine) as an appalling crime against the Ukrainian people, and against humanity;

(b) strongly condemns these acts, directed against the Ukrainian peasantry, and marked by mass annihilation, violation of human rights and freedoms;

(c) expresses its sympathy with the Ukrainian people, which suffered this tragedy, and to pay its respect to those who died as a consequence of the artificial famine of 1932-1933;

(d) calls on the countries originating from Soviet Union - to provide a full access to archives on Holodomor in Ukraine of 1932-1933 for a comprehensive scrutiny in order to unveil and fully investigate in all the causes and the consequences;

2. Instructs its President to forward this resolution to the Council and the Commission, the government and parliament of Ukraine, the Secretary General of the UN, the Secretary General of the OSCE and the Secretary General of the Council of Europe.

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