Relations with countries of the American region
18 December 2019 16:46

THE ARGENTINE REPUBLIC

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 5, 1991.

2. The establishment of diplomatic relations: January 6, 1992.

3. Political relations

Argentina became the first Latin American country to recognize Ukraine's independence.

As a rule, the Argentine Republic abstains during voting in the UN on important resolutions for Ukraine.

Argentina abstained during the vote on the UN General Assembly resolution № 68/262 of 27 March 2014 «Territorial Integrity of Ukraine». The country also abstained during voting on the resolution A/RES/75/192 at the 75th session of the UN General Assembly in 2020 «Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine», adopted on December 16, 2020, and the resolution A/RES/75/29 «Problem of the militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, as well as parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov», adopted on December 7, 2020.

The core group of the actual Parliamentary Group of Friendship with Ukraine has been working in the Chamber of Deputies of the Congress of the Argentine Nation since 2014. After the elections to the Congress of the Argentine Republic in October 2019, the process of reformatting of the mentioned friendship group was initiated. The Friendship Group with the region of Europe, which includes Ukraine, was established in the Senate of the Congress of the Argentine Nation in June 2021. In March 2020, a parliamentary group on the inter-parliamentary relations with the Argentine Republic was established in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.

4. Trade and economic relations

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in 2020 the commercial turnover of foreign trade in goods and services with Argentina totalized 65.47 million US dollars, of which exports – 6.27 million US dollars, imports – 59.19 million US dollars.

During the mentioned period, trade in goods amounted to: Ukrainian exports – 5.715 million US dollars, imports – 58.8 million US dollars.

Trade in services amounted to: Ukrainian exports - 0.556 million US dollars, imports - 0.395 million US dollars.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, the structure of trade with Argentina in 2020 was the following: in exports: paper and cardboard (40.4%); electric machines (10.7%); nuclear reactors, boilers, machines (8.3%); plastics, polymeric materials (17.7%); ferrous metals (4.9%); optical and photographic instruments (2.4%); in imports: fish and crustaceans (19.6%); edible fruits and nuts (24.7%); nuclear reactors, boilers, machines (11.5%); tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes (15.7%) seeds and fruits of oilseeds (7.7%); pharmaceutical products (5.8%); alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages (3.5%).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

Ukrainian singers, musicians and ballet dancers regularly take part in cultural events held in the Argentine Republic.

The capitals of Ukraine and Argentina are twin cities.

6. Legal base

The legal base of bilateral relations consists of 58 documents.

Key documents:

The Agreement on friendly relations and cooperation (April 11, 2000), the Agreement on trade and economic cooperation (December 30, 1996), the Agreement on the abolition of visas (October 2, 2011).

7. Ukrainian community

Argentina is a home to the second largest Ukrainian community in Latin America (about 450,000 ethnic Ukrainians). They compactly reside in Buenos Aires, as well as the provinces of Buenos Aires, Cordoba, Corrientes, Mendoza, Misiones, Rio Negro, Formosa and Chaco. The Ukrainian central representation in the Argentine Republic unites more than 30 societies of the Ukrainian community. The largest Ukrainian organizations are the Ukrainian Cultural Society «Prosvita» and the Ukrainian Society «Vidrodzjennya».

8. Diplomatic mission

The Embassy of Ukraine in the Argentine Republic.




BELIZE

1. Recognition of Ukraine: October 1, 1999.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: October 1, 1999.

3. Political relations

Belize consistently supports Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity in the international arena.

Belize constantly supports the resolutions of the UN General Assembly "Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)" and "The problem of militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol (Ukraine), as well as parts of the Black and Azov Seas."

4. Trade and economic relations

Belize ranks second among Latin American and Caribbean countries in terms of investments in the economy of Ukraine, which as of Marсh 31, 2021 amounted to 163,3 million US dollars. These investments are directed in Ukraine mainly in the production of food, beverages and tobacco products, real estate transactions, wholesale and retail trade, professional and scientific activities, transport and communications.

Volumes of trade in goods between Ukraine and Belize for the period January-May 2021 (information from the State Statistics Service of Ukraine):

Exports (thousands of US dollars)

in% to January-May 2020

Imports (thousands of US dollars)

in% to January-May 2020

Balance

37,9

210,5

239,1

20,7

-201,2

The basis of Ukrainian exports are ferrous metal products. The main goods imported from Belize to Ukraine are ferrous metal products and crustaceans.

The promising areas of cooperation between Ukraine and Belize are, first of all, cooperation in the banking sector, in the field of tourism and hydropower.

5. Legal framework

Number of bilateral documents: 1.

Joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations (October 1, 1999)

6. Diplomatic mission

Embassy of Ukraine in Mexico.




BRAZIL

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 26, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: February 11, 1992.

3. Political relations.

Over the past two years, bilateral Ukrainian-Brazilian relations have intensified, the main events were a meeting of President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky with President of Brazil Jair Bolsonaro in Tokyo in October 2019 and a telephone conversation between the two heads of state in November 2020.

In the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, the Interparliamentary Cooperation Group with Brazil is headed by MP Sviatoslav Yurash (Servant of the People Party), and in the Brazilian National Congress the Group is headed from 2007 by the federal MP Claudio Cajado (Progressive Party, Bahia).

Thanks to the cooperation of interparliamentary cooperation groups, on April 23, 2014 and November 12, 2019, the Committee on Foreign Affairs and National Defense of the Chamber of Deputies of the National Congress of Brazil adopted resolutions on support of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine.

4. Trade and economic relations

According to the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, bilateral trade in 2020 increased by 13.1% and amounted to 330.1 million dollars. Exports of goods from Ukraine to Brazil decreased by 13.1% and amounted to 64.3 million dollars. Imports of Brazilian goods to Ukraine increased by 22.1% to 266.6 million dollars. Negative trade balance for Ukraine - 202.3 million dollars. The structure of Ukrainian exports: ferrous metals (24.7%), plastics, polymeric materials (21.8%), products of the flour and cereals industry (16.4%), pharmaceutical products (15%). The structure of Brazilian imports: tobacco (14.9%), ores, slags and ashes (12.8%), seeds and fruits of oilseeds (10.4%), land transport, except rail (10.3%), etc.

The Ukrainian-Brazilian Intergovernmental Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation (ICTEC) has been operating since 2001, and in November 2013 the last Sixth Meeting of the MC took place. In February 2021, the Deputy Prime Minister of Ukraine - Minister of Strategic Industries Oleh Urusky was appointed as Co-Chairman of the Ukrainian part of the ICTEC. The co-chair of the Brazilian part of the ICTEC is the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Brazil, Ambassador Kenneth da Nobrega.

In September 2020, a representative office of the Ukrainian company Premiori LLC was opened in Brazil. Representative offices of Pivdenne and Motor Sich companies continue to operate in Brazil. Ukrainian companies supply Brazil with sheet metal and pipes (Metinvest, Interpipe), digital control and protection systems for the nuclear reactor for the Institute for Energy and Nuclear Research (Radium), insulin (Indar), etc. The supply of tires for passenger cars (Rosava - now "Premiori") is to be resumed.

 5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

On the occasion of the Independence Day of Ukraine and the Day of the Ukrainian Community, at the request of the Embassy of Ukraine in Brazil the world-famous tourist attraction of Brazil - the statue of Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro was illuminated in Ukrainian colors for seven years in a row.

In 2018 and 2019, the exhibitions “Ukraine. 1932 - 1933. "Holodomor, Genocide by Famine" were held in the Federal Senate of the National Congress of Brazil, as well as in the National Council of the Attorney General of Brazil (CNMP). Fifteen stands of the exposition presented the historical context and consequences of the Holodomor.

National Pedagogical Dragomanov University provides distance learning of the Ukrainian language in Brazil. Brazil organizes Brazilian film festivals in Ukraine.

During June 2019, the first in the history of bilateral relations Days of Ukrainian Cinema took place in the Cine Brasilia in the Brazilian capital, as well as in the Curitiba Cinematheque, Paraná. A delegation of the State Agency of Ukraine for Cinema took part in the event.

6. Scientific and educational cooperation

The implementation of a joint "insulin project" for the industrial production of insulin in Brazil based on Ukrainian technology opens significant prospects. Cooperation between higher education institutions of the two countries within the framework of agreements on scientific and academic cooperation is expanding.

7. Legal framework

The legal framework of bilateral relations includes 52 documents. Key documents:

Agreement on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations (February 11, 1992), Agreement on Friendly Relations and Cooperation (November 12, 1996), Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation (December 30, 1996), Agreement on Scientific and Technological Cooperation (May 27, 2009).

8. Ukrainian community

The number of ethnic Ukrainians in Brazil, according to the researchers, is about one million, the vast majority of whom live in the state of Paraná - more than 500 thousand, as well as in the states of Sao Paulo, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul. The representative body of Ukrainian organizations in Brazil is the Ukrainian-Brazilian Central Representation. Ukrainian religious communities are united around 24 parishes (more than 200 churches) of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church and 16 parishes of the Orthodox Church of Ukraine (Patriarchate of Constantinople). According to the Law of the Federative Republic of Brazil №4324/2008, on August 24 is commemorating the National Day of the Ukrainian Community of Brazil. In 2021, the 130th anniversary of the beginning of Ukrainian immigration to Brazil is being celebrated. Brazil regularly hosts festivals of Ukrainian culture, performances of Ukrainian art groups, exhibitions and presentations.




GUATEMALA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: October 26, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: January 12, 1993.

3. Political relations

Guatemala consistently supports Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity in the international arena.

Guatemala constantly supports the resolutions of the UN General Assembly "Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)" and "The problem of militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol (Ukraine), as well as parts of the Black and Azov Seas."

Political dialogue is mostly developed at the ministerial level, in particular in the format of meetings and visits of foreign ministers. Significantly intensified in 2020, in particular, the political consultations at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers of two countries were held on June 19, 2020 in the videoconference mode.

4. Trade and economic relations

Volumes of trade in goods between Ukraine and Guatemala for the period January-May 2021 (information from the State Statistics Service of Ukraine):

Exports (thousands of US dollars)

in% to January-May 2020

Imports (thousands of US dollars)

in% to January-May 2020

Balance

10086,6

713,4

26148,8

136,6

-16062,2

The basis of Ukrainian exports: ferrous metals and mineral fertilizers. The main imports from Guatemala: ore slag and ash, tobacco, the unity of fruits and mountains, tea and coffee.

The areas of cooperation with Guatemala potentially attractive for Ukraine: energy, chemical industry, metallurgy, mining, agricultural engineering, transport infrastructure, as well as training in Ukraine of the specialists for Guatemalan agro-industrial complex.

5. Legal framework

Number of bilateral documents - 5.

Key documents:

Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations (January 12, 1993).

Memorandum between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Guatemala on mutual understanding on establishment of the political consultations (October 3, 2003);

Memorandum of Understanding between the State Financial Monitoring Committee of Ukraine and the Banking Supervision Service of the Republic of Guatemala, represented by the Special Supervisory Service for Cooperation in Counteraction to Legalization (Laundering) of Money or Other Assets Proceeds of Crime (September 3, 2005).

6. Diplomatic mission

Embassy of Ukraine in Mexico.





CANADA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 2, 1991 (Canada was the first Western nation to recognize Ukraine’s independence)

2. Establishment of diplomatic relationsJanuary 27, 1992 

3. Political cooperation 

Canada is one of Ukraine's most visible allies, that supports territorial integrity and sovereignty of our state. Canada is a strong supporter of Ukraine's integration into NATO and the EU. This approach is nonpartisan within the Canadian establishment.

Our bilateral relationship is strengthened by warm people-to-people ties, rooted in the Ukrainian-Canadian community of 1.4 million people.

In 2014, Canada imposed and later expanded sanctions in connection with the Russian occupation of Crimea and eastern Ukraine. Large-scale sectoral sanctions have been introduced against the enterprises of the banking sector, the defense-industrial and fuel-energy complexes of the Russian Federation. Personal sanctions include a wide range of persons involved in the violation of Ukraine's territorial integrity.

Referring to the Crimean occupation by Russia, Ottawa has consistently pursued a policy of non-recognition.

2015 Canada launched Operation UNIFIER, the Canadian Armed Forces (CAF) military training and capacity-building mission in Ukraine.

As of July 2021, more than 26 thousand Ukrainian servicemen have received training through the mission.

From July 2 to 4, 2019, Canada co-hosted the third Ukraine Reform Conference with Ukraine in Toronto, Ontario. There was a ministerial meeting on July 2, followed by two days of discussions at Ukraine House. Ukraine’s friends and partners from 37 countries gathered to support Ukraine’s reform process and its path to Euro-Atlantic integration.

On July 1-2, 2019 President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy paid a visit to Canada.

Given the quarantine restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic, an active bilateral dialogue in 2020 was maintained in the format of telephone conversations between President of Ukraine Zelensky and Prime Minister of Canada Trudeau
(7 telephone conversations between the leaders of our states took place in 2020),as well as on the foreign ministers level.

Given the quarantine restrictions due to the COVID-19 pandemic, an active bilateral dialogue in 2020 was maintained in the format of telephone conversations between the President of Ukraine V. Zelensky and the Prime Minister of Canada J. Trudeau (7 telephone conversations between the leaders of our states took place in 2020). as well as at the level of foreign ministers.

In January-July 2021, a number of telephone conversations took place between the President of Ukraine and the Prime Minister of Canada, as well as between the ministers of foreign affairs. In addition, in July 2021, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmytro Kuleba met with Minister for Foreign Affairs of Canada Mark Garneau within the framework of the Vilnius Conference on Reforms in Ukraine.

There are inter-parliamentary friendship groups in the parliaments of both countries. In March 2021 Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Dmytro Razumkov met (in the format of a video conference) with Speaker of the House of Commons of the Parliament of Canada Anthony Rota.

 4. Trade and economic cooperation

The trade turnover in goods and services between Ukraine and Canada does not correspond to the potential of both countries. In 2020 the trade turnover between two countries amounted to $ 405.9 mln (decrease by -9.1% or by $ 40.7 mln. compared to 2019). In the first quarter of 2021 the trade turnover amounted to $ 99.9 mln and increased by 6.8% compared to the same period last year.

Exports of Ukrainian goods to Canada in the first quarter of 2021 amounted to $ 27.4 mln - an increase of 51.4% or $ 9.3 mln. The major exports goods were copper and copper products (32% of the total; + 237% compared to the same period last year); transport (except railway) (13%; + 1362%) railway locomotives (11%, + 184%); nuclear reactors, boilers, machines (6%, + 96%); tanning extracts (5%, -52%); wood and wood products (5%; + 757%).

Imports of Canadian goods amounted to $ 48.5 mln - a decrease of 1% or $ 0.5 mln. The main groups of imports of goods were transport, except rail (29%; + 10%); fish and crustaceans (20%; + 11%); nuclear reactors, boilers, machines (12%; + 45%); pharmaceutical products (9%; -32%).

The total volume of trade in services amounted to $ 24 mln (a decrease of 10%), of which exports of domestic services to Canada amounted to $ 22 mln (-0.3%); imports amounted to $ 2 mln (-56%); balance of trade in services is positive for Ukraine (+$20 mln).

There is the Free Trade Agreement between Ukraine and Canada which entered into force on August 1, 2017. Its provisions are being expanded to services and investment.

The Canadian-Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce also contributes to the development of bilateral trade relations.

The total volume of Canadian direct investment (equity instruments and debt instruments, according to the National Bank of Ukraine) in the economy of Ukraine in the 1st quarter of 2021 amounted to $52.5 mln.

 5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

The special character of Ukrainian-Canadian cooperation in the cultural and humanitarian spheres is due to the presence of the huge Ukrainian diaspora in Canada, which reaches almost 1.4 million people and has an extremely developed system of public and cultural organizations, research and development institutions, museums, art groups, art associations and more. This promotes the active development of direct interpersonal contacts between citizens and non-governmental organizations of Ukraine and Canada. Every year, about 10 different Ukrainian festivals take place in different cities of Canada. The oldest of them is the Canadian National Ukrainian Festival, which has been held in Dauphin, Manitoba, since 1965. The largest Ukrainian festival in North America is the annual Ukrainian Festival in Toronto.

6. Scientific and educational cooperation

Cooperation in science and education between Ukraine and Canada is quite intensive. Exchanges of students and teachers between universities of the two countries are widely practiced as well as implementation of join curricula.

There are cooperation agreements between Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University and the University of Manitoba, the Institute of International Relations and Carleton University (Ottawa), the National Technical University of Ukraine "Kyiv Polytechnic Institute" and the University of Winnipeg, Ternopil National Economic University and the Technological Institute of British Columbia, between Lviv National Ivan Franko University on the one hand and the University of Alberta (Edmonton) and the University of Manitoba on the other.

Student also benefit from the exchange programs between Chernivtsi National University and the University of Saskatchewan, the National Ivano-Frankivsk Technical University of Oil and Gas, and the University of Regina.

There are departments of Ukrainian studies established at such Canadian universities as

The Canadian-Ukrainian Parliamentary Program (CUPP) has been in place since 1991, under which each year up to 30 students from Ukrainian universities undergo the two-months internships in the offices of members of the Canadian Parliament. This program is funded entirely by the Ukrainian diaspora in Canada through the Foundation for Ukrainian Studies.

7. Legal framework

Number of valid documents: 50

Key documents: Agreement on Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and Canada (signed on October 24, 1994),

Free Trade Agreement between Ukraine and Canada (signed on July 11, 2016).

8. Ukrainian diaspora

About 1.4 million people of Ukrainian origin live in Canada. Ukrainians make up 3.87% of the country's total population. The Ukrainian community in Canada is the second largest group of Ukrainians in the world (after the Ukrainian community in Russia), living outside Ukraine.

Ukrainians in Canada established a large number of public and religious associations, dance ensembles, Ukrainian choirs, amateur theatres, financial institutions, sports clubs, etc. In total, there are more than 1,000 different types of Ukrainian organizations in Canada. The main cities of organized Canadian-Ukrainian life are Toronto, Montreal, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Regina, and Saskatoon.

The highest coordinating and representative body of Canadian Ukrainians is the Congress of Ukrainians of Canada, headquartered in Winnipeg, Manitoba. In 2012, its National Office was opened in Ottawa.

Toronto is home to the headquarters of the World Congress of Ukrainians, which represents the interests of more than 20 million Ukrainians in 64 countries.

The Ukrainian community in Canada preserves and enhances Ukraine's cultural heritage – the language, culture, customs and traditions that turned into incoherent part of Canada's heritage.

Moreover, Canadian Ukrainians provide significant humanitarian, financial, and financial support to Ukraine in the light of countering Russian aggression.




CUBA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 6, 1991. 

2. Esteblishment of the diplomatic relations:  March 12, 1992.

3. Political relations

 Contacts at the highest levels:

-visits to Cuba: President of Ukraine - 2000, October 20-23, 2011, Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine - 1997, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine - 1998, 2002 and 2010,

-visits to Ukraine: by the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cuba - in 1995 and 2003 and in February 2011.

In September 2012, during the 67th session of the UN General Assembly, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine K.Hryshchenko met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cuba B.Rodriguez Parrilla.

On March 12-13, 2013, during the official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Cuba M.Medina to Ukraine, Ukrainian-Cuban political consultations took place. From the Ukrainian side, the political consultations were headed by Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine - Chief of Staff A.Olefirov.

On April 26, 2021, political consultations at the level of Deputy Heads of Foreign Ministries of the two countries were held at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine via video conference. From the Ukrainian side, the political consultations were headed by Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine E. Yenin. From the Cuban side, the political consultations were chaired by Cuban Deputy Foreign Minister A.Rodriguez

 The basis of the legal framework between Ukraine and the Republic of Cuba in the trade, economic and investment sphere is the «Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Cuba on trade and economic cooperation» (20.06.1998) and «Agreement on Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments» (20.05.1995).

 According to the results of 2020, exports of goods from Ukraine to Cuba amounted to 92.1% compared to the corresponding period of 2019, reaching a figure of 4.1 million US dollars. Imports amounted to 1.14 million US dollars and compared to 2019 decreased by 12%. At the same time, the positive balance for Ukraine amounted to 3.54 million US dollars. Exports of services from Ukraine to Cuba amounted to 73.1% compared to the corresponding period of 2019. Exports of services continue to be relatively small (US $ 410.7 thousand) to affect total turnover.

In the structure of Ukrainian exports to Cuba, the first place was taken by fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (35.6%), the next ones go to the traditional commodity items for trade with Cuba: reactors, boilers, machinery (23.3%) and land transport, except rail (18.4%). Imports from Cuba consisted mainly of alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages (76.7%), tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes (15, 4%).

 In January-May 2021, exports of goods to Cuba amounted to 1559.5 thousand US dollars and compared to the same period in 2020 decreased by 11%. Imports amounted to 517.7 thousand US dollars, which is 178.6% compared to 2020. The balance is positive and amounts to 1041.8 thousand US dollars.        

The main areas of cooperation between Ukraine and Cuba in the economic sphere are aviation, mechanical engineering, metallurgy, food, energy

Some of the largest joint Ukrainian-Cuban projects are:

            - in the automotive industry: a project between «AvtoKraz» and the Cuban company «SOMEK» (Ministry of Construction of Cuba) in Cienfuegos for the repair and modernization of vehicles of the KrAZ family. At the production facilities of the plants in Cienfuegos and, since 2012, in Santiago de Cuba, it was planned to assemble 300-400 trucks annually. Since 2009, about 400 cars have been assembled, repaired and modernized. In recent years, despite expectations, cooperation has not developed. PJSC «AvtoKrAZ» failed to intensify work in the Cuban market because of the limited financial capabilities of the Cuban side.

            - in the aviation sector: operation of 6 Ukrainian An-158 aircraft in the Cuban airline «Cubana de Aviación». From 2018 all aircraft are in poor condition and need repair. The issue of restoring the technical serviceability of aircraft is under discussion. The main problem is that the Cuban side lacks funding. There was also a pause in the other areas of cooperation in aviation: extension of service life and supply of spare parts for An-24/26 aircraft, supply of spare parts and repair of helicopter engines manufactured by PJSC «Motor Sich».

            Cooperation in the supply of food products to Cuba is gradually gaining momentum. After a gradual increase over the last two years the first position of Ukrainian exports to Cuba is firmly taken by "fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin." The well-known Ukrainian trademark "Tulchynka" (butter) entered the Cuban market. The supply of sunflower oil, which is packaged in Cuba by the local trading house «Acebuchal» and sold under the name «ECASOL» has increased significantly.

            Despite the harsh quarantine conditions in 2020 related to the pandemic and problems with air transportation, bilateral energy cooperation has intensified. Ukrainian companies, in cooperation with foreign partners, are successfully participating in projects to modernize Cuban thermal power plants.

Significant potential for cooperation with Cuba lies in the areas of healthcare, biotechnology and pharmacology. In the field of pharmacology, a project to develop a joint venture in Ukraine for the production of drugs and vaccines was implemented. In order to develop cooperation in the field of healthcare in 2013 the Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the Cancer Institute of Ukraine and the Center for Molecular Immunology of the Republic of Cuba.

Cooperation between Ukraine and Cuba in the cultural and humanitarian spheres is developing on the basis of the «Intergovernmental Agreement on Cooperation in the Fields of Culture, Education and Science» (1994).

            Until December 2011 the main focus of Ukrainian-Cuban humanitarian cooperation was the treatment and rehabilitation of children from Ukraine affected by the Chernobyl disaster. The launch of the Children of Chornobyl Medical Program was initiated personally by the former Chairman of the State Council and the Council of Ministers of Cuba, Fidel Castro. According to the Cuban official information, for almost 21 years of implementation of the Program the rehabilitation course was provided to more than 24 thousand patients (about 21 thousand were children, mostly from Ukraine). 20% of them were with severe oncological, immune, orthopedic and systemic diseases. A group of Cuban physicians also constantly worked at the Children's Sanatorium and Health Center "Druzhba" (Evpatoria), providing medical rehabilitation services to patients affected by the Chernobyl accident. In November 2011, the Cuban side, referring to the economic difficulties, announced the termination of services free of charge. A draft of a new commercial agreement "On cooperation between the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Cuba and the Ministry of Health of Ukraine to provide medical care to children affected by the Chernobyl accident and other environmental disasters" was developed.

            From March 31 to April 4, 2010 in Havana for the first time in Latin America took place the Week of Ukrainian Cinema, which screened 5 Ukrainian movies of the studio «Dovzhenko».

            In 2012, on the request of the Cuban side, Ukraine provided humanitarian aid in the form of mineral fertilizer (urea) in the amount of 15,700 tons and bags for its packaging in the amount of 320,280 pieces (worth almost 10 million US dollars).

            In 2014-2020, the Embassy provided assistance to Ukrainian TV channels in filming programs in Cuba, Ukrainian chess players who participated in the chess tournament «Jose Raul Capablanca Memorial», Ukrainian boxers who participated in the World Boxing Series and other artists and athletes.

            Ukrainian-Cuban cooperation in the field of education has a deep tradition, given that during the former Soviet Union, about 9,000 Cuban specialists were trained in Ukrainian higher education institutions. During the visit of the President of Ukraine to Cuba (October 2011) at the level of the Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine, it was agreed to allocate several scholarships per year for postgraduate education for Cubans with higher education.

In September 1993, the Embassy of Ukraine was opened in Havana. The Consulate General of Cuba in Ukraine in 1992 acquired the status of the Embassy. Since 2020, the Ambassador of the Republic of Cuba to Ukraine is N.Aguilera




REPUBLIC  OF COLOMBIA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: May 27, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: August 18, 1992.

3. Political relations 

The House of Representatives of the Congress of Colombia condemned the Holodomor in Ukraine in 1932-33 as an act of genocide of the Ukrainian people (resolution № 079 of 10.12.2007).

Colombia supports Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity in the international arena. The Colombian delegation voted in favor of UN General Assembly resolution 68/262 "Territorial Integrity of Ukraine" on March 27, 2014.

4. Trade and economic relations 

In 2020, the volume of bilateral trade between Ukraine and Colombia amounted to 80.951 million US dollars. The volume of Ukrainian exports amounted to 29.671 million US dollars, imports – 51.280 million US dollars.

In 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in services amounted to 363.6 thousand US dollars. Export of Ukrainian services amounted to 328.6 thousand US dollars, imports - 35 thousand US dollars. The main types of Ukrainian export of services: business services and services connected with travels.

For 5 months of 2021, the volume of trade between Ukraine and Colombia amounted to 108.062 million US dollars. Ukrainian exports amounted to 87.239 million US dollars; import of Colombian products amounted to 20.823 million US dollars. Ukraine's positive foreign trade balance is 66.416 million US dollars.

The main groups of exports: ferrous metals, sugar and sugar confectionery, devices and optical and photographic apparatus, ferrous metal products, nuclear reactors, boilers, machines.

The main groups of imports: edible fruits and nuts, coffee, tea, ferrous metals, trees and other plants, hides, plastics, polymeric materials.

5. Legal framework:

Number of valid documents: 6

Key documents:

Agreement of Visas Exemption for Citizens who Use Diplomatic, Official and Service Passports (March 16, 2015);

Agreement of Mutual Abolition of Visa Requirements for Holders of Ordinary Passports and Other Travel Documents (April 17, 2020).

6. Diplomatic mission 

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Peru.




COSTA RICA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 23, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 9, 1992.

3. Political relations

Costa Rica consistently supports Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity in the international arena.

Costa Rica was co-author of the UN General Assembly resolution of March 27, 2014 "Territorial Integrity of Ukraine", on a permanent basis supports the UN General Assembly resolutions "The situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)" and "The problem of militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea" and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine), as well as parts of the Black and Azov Seas.

It is significant that Costa Rica became the only Latin American country to take part on the side of Ukraine in the open UN debate on the issue "Situation in the Temporarily Occupied Territories of Ukraine" in February 2020.

Political dialogue is mostly developed at the ministerial level, in particular in the format of meetings of foreign ministers. Significantly intensified in 2020, in particular, the political consultations at the level of directors of the territorial departments of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Costa Rica were held on December 1, 2020 in the videoconference mode.

4. Trade and economic relations

Costa Rica is Ukraine's main trading partner among the countries of Central America.

Volumes of trade in goods between Ukraine and Costa Rica for the period January-May 2021 (information from the State Statistics Service of Ukraine):

Exports (thousands of US dollars)

in% to January-May 2020

Imports (thousands of US dollars)

in% to January-May 2020

Balance

58809,6

192,8

22330

98,3

36479,6

The basis of Ukrainian exports: ferrous metal products, vegetable oil, flour.

The basis of imports from Costa Rica: edible fruits and nuts, optical devices.

5. Legal framework

Number of bilateral documents - 2.

Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and Costa Rica (June 9, 1992).

Memorandum of Understanding on establishment of the of political consultations mechanism between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two countries (September 24, 2010).

6. Diplomatic mission

Embassy of Ukraine in Mexico.




MEXICO

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 25, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: January 14, 1992.

3. Political relations

Mexico has consistently supported Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity. On March 4, 2014, it was the first Latin American country to publish a statement in support of Ukraine's territorial integrity and independence. Mexico supported the resolution of the UN General Assembly of March 27, 2014 "Territorial integrity of Ukraine", the resolution "Cooperation and assistance to Ukraine in the field of human rights", approved on July 1, 2016 during the 32nd session of the UN Human Rights Council UNESCO Executive Board Resolution "Monitoring the situation in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea (Ukraine)".

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, Ukraine has consistently developed a political dialogue with Mexico: there have been visits by the presidents of the two countries, government delegations, meetings of foreign ministers.

In 2007, the Ukrainian-Mexican Intergovernmental Commission was established and operates.

A mechanism for political consultations on issues of mutual interest has been introduced between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of the two countries. So far, 8 rounds of consultations have taken place: 4 - at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers - in 1999, 2001, 2004 in 2010; 4 - at the level of directors of territorial departments of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs - in 2003, 2004, 2018 and 2021.

In 2019, the Mexico-Ukraine Friendship Group was established in the Chamber of Deputies of the Congress of Mexico, while a parliamentary group on inter-parliamentary relations with Mexico was established in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in the same year.

In December 2020, the first meeting of the parliamentary friendship groups of the parliaments of Ukraine and Mexico took place by video conference.

4. Trade and economic relations

Mexico is Ukraine's second largest trading partner among Latin American and Caribbean countries.

Volumes of trade in goods between Ukraine and Mexico for the period January-May 2021 (information from the State Statistics Service of Ukraine):

Exports (thousands of US dollars)

in% to January-May 2020

Imports (thousands of US dollars)

in% to January-May 2020

Balance

41696,4

121,9

112327,5

137,1

-70631,1


The basis of Ukrainian exports: ores, slag and ash, mineral fertilizers, cereals, tobacco and its substitutes, salt and sulfur.

The basis of imports from Mexico: cars, alcohol and soft drinks, electric cars and boilers.

At the end of 2020, Mexican investments in Ukraine's economy amounted to 9 million USD, which one of the leading companies in the agro-industrial sector of Mexico - "GRUMA" invested in the establishment of the company "Azteca Altera Milling" in Cherkasy for the production of corn flour and products from it.

The world's largest Mexican bakery company BIMBO is present on the Ukrainian market, which in October 2017 acquired East Balt Bakeries (Dnipropetrovsk.

The main promising areas of bilateral cooperation: the aerospace sector, the energy sector, and the supply of agricultural products to Mexico.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

The capitals of Ukraine and Mexico are sister cities. An agreement to establish friendly relations between the city of Kyiv, Ukraine, and the Federal District of the United Mexican States was signed on September 25, 1997.

6. Scientific and educational cooperation

The cooperation between the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv and the National Autonomous University of Mexico was established in July 2015.

7. Legal framework

Number of bilateral documents: 23.

Key documents:

Declaration on the Principles of Relations and Cooperation (September 25, 1997);

Agreement on cooperation in the field of science, technology and engineering (February 20, 1998);

Agreement on trade and economic cooperation (19.12.2004);

Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income and on Capital (January 23, 2012).

8. Diplomatic mission

Embassy of Ukraine in Mexico.




PANAMA

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: January 1, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: May 21, 1993.

3. Political relations

Panama consistently support Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity in the international arena.

Panama constantly supports the resolutions of the UN General Assembly "Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol (Ukraine)" and "The problem of militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol (Ukraine) and parts of the Black and Azov Seas."

Political dialogue is mostly developed at the ministerial level, in particular in the format of meetings and visits of foreign ministers. Significantly intensified in 2020, in particular, the political consultations at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers of two countries were held on August 5, 2020 in the videoconference mode.

4. Trade and economic relations

Volumes of trade in goods between Ukraine and Guatemala for the period January-May 2021 (information from the State Statistics Service of Ukraine):

Exports (thousands of US dollars)

in% to January-May 2020

Imports (thousands of US dollars)

in% to January-May 2020

Balance

4193,3

227,1

1406,2

249,9

2787,1

The basis of Ukrainian exports: ships, alcoholic and soft drinks, petroleum products, vegetable oil.

The basis of imports from Panama: edible fruits and nuts, alcoholic and soft drinks, essential oils.

5. Legal framework

Number of bilateral documents: 11.

Key documents:

Agreement between Ukraine and the Republic of Panama for promotion and reciprocal protection of investments (June 13, 2007);

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Panama on Maritime Merchant Shipping (November 19, 2004);

Agreement between Ukraine and the Republic of Panama on extradition (28.08.2004);

Agreement between Ukraine and the Republic of Panama on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters (August 28, 2004);

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Panama on visa-free regime for citizens (August 16, 2013).

6. Diplomatic mission

Embassy of Ukraine in Mexico.




THE REPUBLIC OF PARAGUAY

 1. Recognition of Ukraine: April 1, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: February 26, 1993.

3. Political relations

As a rule, the Republic of Paraguay abstains during voting in the UN on important resolutions for Ukraine.

Paraguay abstained during the vote on the UN General Assembly resolution  № 68/262 of March 27, 2014 «Territorial Integrity of Ukraine». At the same time, precedent of Paraguay's voting in support of the pro-Ukrainian resolution «Cooperation and Assistance to Ukraine in the Field of Human Rights» A/HRS/RES/32/29, adopted on July 1, 2016 during the 32nd session of the UN Human Rights Council, should be recognized as important. The text of the resolution contained a reference to UN GA resolution № 68/262 of March 27, 2014.

The Chamber of Deputies of the National Congress of Paraguay adopted two declarations, in particular, on March 12, 2014, Declaration №46 on «Solidarity with multiethnic nation of Ukraine and appeal for respect for self-determination and territorial integrity of Ukraine»; on December 2, 2020, Declaration №557 on non-recognition of the ongoing «annexation» by the Russian Federation of the Sovereign territory of Ukraine, the Autonomous Republic of Crimea, which is illegally called the «Republic of Crimea». The declaration №557 was initiated in relation with the ongoing temporary occupation by the Russian Federation of part of the Sovereign territory of Ukraine, namely the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, that violates the national Sovereignty, Independence and Territorial Integrity of Ukraine. In the text of the Declaration, Paraguayan MPs expressed support for the Independence, Sovereignty and respect for the Territorial Integrity of Ukraine within internationally recognized borders. The non-recognition of the pseudo-referendum held in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea in February 2014 was also stressed.

The National Congress of the Republic of Paraguay has a Parliamentary Commission for Friendship with Ukraine.

4. Trade and economic relations

In 2020, according to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, the commercial turnover of foreign trade in goods and services with Paraguay totalized 0.66 million US dollars, of which exports – 0.37 million US dollars, imports – 0.29 million US dollars.

During the mentioned period, trade in goods amounted to: exports – 0.37 million US dollars, imports – 0.27 million US dollars.

The structure of trade in goods were: in exports – a variety of chemical products (77.7%), nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery (18.6%), products of the flour and cereals industry (2.5%); in imports – seeds and fruits of oilseeds (42.9%), tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes (54.4%), sugar and sugar confectionery (1.5%).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

The Ukrainian community of Paraguay has about 12,000 ethnic Ukrainians. The mechanism of cultural exchange is cultural and artistic events conducted by the Ukrainian community with the organizational assistance of the Embassy and Honorary Consulate of Ukraine. In almost every area of the Department of Itapua (where ethnic Ukrainians live) groups of Ukrainian folk-dances were created, which are very popular among young people of Ukrainian origin.

6. Legal base

The legal base of bilateral relations consists of 11 documents.

Key documents:

The Agreement on friendly relations and cooperation (entered into force 01.12.2018), the Agreement on trade and economic cooperation (entered into force on 30.10.2009), the Visa Waiver Agreement (entered into force on 28.05.2009).

7. Ukrainian community

In the Department of Itapua, a kind of capital of Paraguayan Ukrainians, there are 4 branches of the Ukrainian cultural society «Prosvita» (cities Encarnacion, Santo Domingo, Carmen del Parana and Uru Sapukai), 7 Ukrainian Orthodox churches and 10 Ukrainian Greek Catholic churches, the Brotherhood of St. George (uniting the Ukrainian Orthodox Churches), as well as the Ukrainian Evangelical Baptist Association. Ethnic Ukrainians are also members of the Paraguayan Association of Slavic Immigrants and Descendants in the city of Coronel Bogado.

8. Diplomatic mission

Embassy of Ukraine in the Argentine Republic in the Republic of Paraguay, concurrently.




REPUBLIC OF PERU

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 26, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: May 7, 1992.

3. Political relations 

The Congress of Peru recognized the Holodomor in Ukraine in 1932-1933 as an act of genocide of the Ukrainian people (decision № 2682-2006-2007-DDP-M/CR of June 21, 2007).

Peru supports Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity in the international arena. The Peruvian delegation voted in favor of UN General Assembly resolution 68/262 "Territorial Integrity of Ukraine" on March 27, 2014.

Mr. Oleksandr Kunitsky (the political party Servant of the People) is a parliamentary of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, lead of the Group for Inter-Parliamentary Relations with Peru.

Peru has become the only country in Latin America and the Caribbean to provide humanitarian assistance to Ukraine: in March 2015, the Peruvian government decided to provide humanitarian assistance to Ukraine for migrants from Donbass.

4. Trade and economic relations 

 Since 2008, there has been a high-level bilateral body – the Ukrainian-Peruvian Intergovernmental Commission of Trade and Economic Cooperation. Its first meeting took place in March 2008 (Lima).

In 2020, the trade turnover between Ukraine and Peru amounted to 73.106 million US dollars. Export of Ukrainian goods amounted to 52.518 million US dollars and import of Peruvian products 20.588 million US dollars. Ukraine's positive foreign trade balance is 31.930 million US dollars.

In 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in services amounted to 2.623  million US dollars. Export of Ukrainian services amounted to 2,349 million US dollars, import - 274 thousand US dollars. The types of Ukrainian export of services: business services; services connected with travels; services for repair and technical maintenance not related to other categories; services for insurance; services connected with financial activity; royalties and other services connected with usage of intellectual property; services in the sphere of telecommunications, computer and information services.

For 5 months of 2021, the trade turnover between Ukraine and Peru amounted to 105.652 million US dollars. Export of Ukrainian goods amounted to 92.783 million US dollars, import of Peruvian products to Ukraine – 12.869 million US dollars. Ukraine's positive foreign trade balance is 79.914 million US dollars.

The main groups of exports: ferrous metals, fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin, nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery, glass and glass products, electric machines.

The main groups of imports: edible fruits and nuts, fish and crustaceans, seeds and fruits of oilseeds, tanning extracts, products of inorganic chemistry, coffee, tea.

5. Cultural cooperation 

In the field of cultural cooperation with Peru, the performances of a group of ballet troupe artists of the Academic Opera and Ballet Theaters of Kyiv and Kharkiv (April 2015).

6. Scientific and educational cooperation

Scientific and technical cooperation is based on agreements signed between the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine and the National Metallurgical Academy of Ukraine with some universities of Peru.

In April 2014, a delegation of the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine visited Peru. During the visit, the parties signed a Memorandum of Cooperation between the National Academy of Agrarian Sciences of Ukraine and the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the Higher National University of San Marcos (Lima, Peru).

In 2019, 5 Peruvian citizens studied in universities of Ukraine.

7. Legal framework 

 Number of valid documents: 28

Key documents:

Agreement of Friendly Relations and Cooperation (June 8, 2006);

Agreement of Mutual Recognition of Documents of Education and Academic Ranks (July 16, 2004);

Agreement of the Abolition of Visas for Citizens who Use Diplomatic, Service and Special Passports (March 27, 2005);

Trade and Economic Agreement (November 7, 2005);

Framework Agreement of Cooperation in the Field of Space Activities (May 30, 2011);

Military-Technical Cooperation Agreement (January 20, 2014).

 8. Diplomatic mission 

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Peru.



THE ORIENTAL REPUBLIC OF URUGUAY

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 26, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: May 18, 1992.

3. Political relations

As a rule, the Oriental Republic of Uruguay abstains during voting in the UN on important resolutions for Ukraine.

Uruguay abstained during the vote on the UN General Assembly resolution № 68/262 of 27 March 2014 «Territorial Integrity of Ukraine». The country also abstained from voting on the resolution A/RES/75/192 at the 75th session of the UN General Assembly in 2020 «Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine», adopted on December 16, 2020, and the resolution A/RES/75/29 «Problem of the militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, as well as parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov», adopted on December 7, 2020.

At the same time, Uruguay in most cases votes in favor of inclusion of the resolutions proposed by Ukraine to the agenda for consideration and adoption.

4. Trade and economic relations

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine in 2020 Ukrainian-Uruguayan commercial turnover in goods and services totalized 2,47 million US dollars. Exports of Ukrainian goods amounted to 0,8 million US dollars, imports amounted to 1,48 million US dollars.

In 2020, trade in services amounted to 0,19 million US dollars; exports – 0.06 million US dollars, imports – 0.13 million US dollars.

About 33% of all Ukrainian exports were metals. The rest of exports were alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and vinegar (30.1%), electric machines (18.1%).

In imports was dominated by leather (61.6%). The rest of the nomenclature of goods imported during this period consisted of edible fruits and nuts (8.9%), pharmaceutical products (5.7%), fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (8.5%).

5. Legal base

The legal base of bilateral relations consists of 6 documents.

Key documents:

Agreement on friendly relations and cooperation (entered into force on 09.04.2018), Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Oriental Republic of Uruguay on Mutual Abolition of Visa Requirements (entered into force on 15.02.2019).

6. Diplomatic mission

The Embassy of Ukraine in the Argentine Republic in the Oriental Republic of Uruguay, concurrently.




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