Asia and Oceania countries
18 December 2019 16:45

AUSTRALIA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 26 December 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 10 January 1992

3. Political relations:

Relations between Ukraine and Australia are characterized by high level of trust and cooperation. Australia supports state sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine and takes an active position in support of Ukraine in the international arena.  Australia pursues a consistent policy of non-recognition of attempted annexation of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. Australia imposed in 2014 autonomous sanctions in relation to Russia in response to the Russian threat to the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. This position has been consistently declared by the Australian side during bilateral political contacts, as well as in the framework of the international organizations.

Contacts at the high and highest levels

22 July – 10 August та 12-14 August 2014 –  working visit of the Special Envoy of the Prime Minister of Australia Allan Houston to investigate downing of the MH17 flight  

24-25 July and 27 July – 1 August 2014 – working visit to Ukraine of Foreign Minister of Australia Julie Bishop

10-12 December 2014 – State visit of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko to Australia

31 March 2016 – meeting of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko and the Foreign Minister of Australia Julie Bishop in the framework of the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington DC

21 September 2016 – meeting of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko with Prime Minister of Australia Malcolm Turnbull in the framework of UN GA meetings in New York

1 October 2017 – visit of the President of the Australian Senate Stephen Parry

20-23 October 2018 – visit to Australia of the Ukrainian delegation headed by the Vice-prime-minister of Ukraine Ivanna Klympush-Tsintsadze in the framework of the Invictus Games

January 2020 – telephone conversation between Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Australia (Vadym Prystaiko and Marise Payne) regarding downing of the Ukrainian plane in Iran

4. Trade and Economic Relations

Australia is the leading trade partner of Ukraine in Oceania.

According to the State Statistical Service of Ukraine, in 2020 trade in goods between Ukraine and Australia reached 68 mln. USD. Export of goods from Ukraine to Australia was equal to 42,3 mln. USD (decrease by 2,6% compared to 2019), while import of Australian goods to Ukraine – 25,7 mln. USD (decrease by 74,1%).

Major Ukrainian export commodities included metallurgy and machinery, vessels, plastics and edible oils.

In its turn, Australia exported to Ukraine pharmaceutics, machinery, optics, wool, jewelry, carton and paper.

The volume of bilateral trade in services during 2020 was equal to 12 mln. USD, out of which export – 9,2 mln. USD (increase by 19%) and import – 2,8 mln. USD(increase by 35%). The main types of services provided by Australian and Ukrainian companies were logistics, telecommunication and tourism.

As of March 2021, the volume of direct Australian investments into Ukraine amounted to 0,6 mln. USD. The largest share of funding was invested into retail trade, information technology and telecommunications.

Trade statistics:



2017

2018

2019

2020

Trade turnover

151,6

84

142,9

80

Export

14,9

30

43,4

51,5

Import

136,7

54

99,5

28,5

Balance

-121,8

-24

-56,1

23

 SourceState Statistical Service of Ukraine, mln. USD


One of the important issues of the bilateral economic agenda is inclusion of Ukraine into Australian system of trade preferences. Currently, government and business entities of both countries continue discussion over possible options for resolution of this issue.

4.1. Science and technical cooperation 

Both Ukraine and Australia have advanced research and development sectors of their national economies that lay the basis for the implementation of the joint projects in this field.

Currently, both countries enjoy the dynamic partnership in the fields as follows:

- airspace industry;

- telecommunications sector;

- medical research;

- IT;

- science (based at universities and R&D centers);

- Antarctic research.

Among first joint projects in this field is putting into orbit a satellite Intelsat-19 by Ukrainian rocket Zenit-3SL in June 2012 within Sea Launch ProjectIntelsat-19 is being used to provide high quality broadcasting in Australia and other countries.

Inception of the Australian Space Agency in 2018 has jump-started bilateral dialog in airspace industry. In 2020 Australian company «Cosmovision Global Corporation» started implementation of large-scale space project that envisages construction of space launch site at Cape York (Queensland, Australia). In the framework of this project State Enterprise «Production Association Yuzhny Machine-Building Plant» will provide construction of space launch system «Zenith Australia».

There is active cooperation between Ukrainian and Australian IT companies. Success stories of such cooperation include an entrance into Australian market of Ukrainian IT company Integracy Group Ukraine and setting up a joint Ukraine-Australia IT company Intergracy International.

Positive experience of cooperation in the hi-tech industry between the two countries has also been achieved during the implementation of the agreement between the L’viv Polytechnic National University and Australian company Fielden Management Services. The agreement provides for the development of technologies to design information systems of consistency with GPS, RFID and voice-recognition technologies as well as Human Computer Interaction.

Currently, the work is underway between state agencies of Ukraine and Australia on intensification of the Antarctic aspect of the bilateral cooperation, namely, pursuing joint Antarctic research and efficient management of the Antarctic stations.

It should be noted that eight Australian universities house Ukrainian scientists participating in international research and development projects, including physics of metals, optical physics, geology, chemistry, and healthcare.

5. Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation

The humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and Australia began long before the proclamation of the independence of our country. In 1985, H.E. Mr John Howard, former Prime Minister of Australia (then opposition leader), opened the memorial to the victims of Holodomor 1932-1933 in Ukraine at the Ukrainian Orthodox Church in Canberra.

In 2007 the sculptural composition «Shevchenko’s Thoughts», presented by the Kyiv State Administration to the Ukrainian community in Australia, was opened on the territory of the Ukrainian Orthodox Centre in Canberra.

The official opening of the model of Kyiv Andrew’s Church in Museum of historical miniatures “Cockington Green Gardens” took place on 16th of December 2007.

Delegation of humanitarian lyceum of Shevchenko National University of Kyiv visited Melbourne in 2009 in order to explore life of the Ukrainian diaspora and establish partnership with the Ukrainian Educational Council of Australia.

International conference «Language, culture, identity» under the auspices of M.Zerov Centre of the Ukrainian Studies, Monash University, Ukrainian studies association of Australia and Shevchenko scientific society took place in 2013 in Melbourne.

Round-table discussion dedicated to the events of Revolution of Dignity was organized at the University of Monash on 19 of February 2014.

Starting from 2016 the Ukrainian film festivals in Australian city Geelong are organized on the annual basis.

The key humanitarian projects of 2018 were participation of the Ukrainian team in the Invictus Games in Sydney as well as a number of commemorative events dedicated to the 85-th anniversary of Holodomor manmade famine in Ukraine (1932-33).

In 2019 Ukrainian women’s organizations of Australia took part in international assembly “Ukrainian women in the world: professionalism, activism and tradition” in Lviv. This has established close relationship between Ukrainian women’s organizations of Australia and International institute of education, culture and relations with diaspora of the Lviv National Polytechnic University.

Young Ukrainians from the diaspora took active part at the GOCamp program in Ukraine – educational volunteer program of teaching foreign languages to the Ukrainian students. Some of them teach English in the Ukrainian schools, such as ThinkGlobal Lviv.

In July 2019 the Memorandum on understanding between Sydney technological university and Shevchenko National University of Kyiv was signed and Australia-Ukraine program of student’s exchange (Visitor fellow program) was launched.

In 2019 for the first time Ukraine was represented at one of the biggest in the world outdoor sculpture expositions – Sculpture by the Sea, that took place in Sydney. Ukrainian art was represented by the diptych Awakening of young Ukrainian sculptor Egor Zigura.

In 2019 the Australian Federation of Ukrainian Organisations in partnership with charitable foundation Caritas Ukraine collected and transferred over 100 000 AUD to the families of wounded Ukrainian soldiers.

There are two centres for Ukrainian studies in Australia:

- Centre for Ukrainian Studies at the University of Sydney (Director – Ms G.Kosharska).

- M.Zerov Centre for Ukrainian studies in Melbourne (Director – Professor M.Pavlyshyn).

6. Legal framework

International treaties in force - 7:

1. Agreement between Ukraine and Australia on consular relations.

2. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Australia on trade and economic cooperation.

3. Protocol between Ukraine and Australia on market access for goods and services.

4. Memorandum of understanding on cooperation between the Chambers of Commerce and Industry of Ukraine and Australia.

5. Memorandum of understanding between the State Service for Financial Monitoring of Ukraine and the Australian Transaction Reports and Analysis Centre concerning cooperation in the exchange of financial intelligence related to legalization (laundering) of proceeds from crime and terrorism financing.

6. Agreement between Ukraine and Australia on sending Australian personnel to Ukraine due to the downing of «Malaysia Airlines» MH17 flight.

7. Agreement between Government of Ukraine and Government of Australia on cooperation in the peaceful uses of nuclear energy and Administrative memorandum.  

The draft Memorandum of understanding between State Space Agency of Ukraine and Australian Space Agency on cooperation in the peaceful use and exploration of outer space is under consideration of the Australian side.

7. Ukrainian community (diaspora)

Today, there is active Ukrainian community in Australia of approximately 38 000 people.

First Ukrainian community of Southern Australia was established in May 1949. During next couple of years Ukrainian communities were established in other states.

First union organisation of Ukrainians in Australia was established on 10th of June 1950 during first all-Australian conference of Ukrainians.

During Forth conference in 1953 Australian Federation of Ukrainian Organisations (AFUO) was formed that up until now coordinates activities of 22 Ukrainian organisations throughout Australia. As such it is widely regarded as the spokesbody on matters concerning relationships within the Ukrainian community, between Australia and Ukraine. The Headquarter of AFUO is located in Melbourne – city of the biggest representation of Ukrainians in Australia. The Federation is co-chaired by Stephan Romaniw and Kateryna Argyrou.

There are 7 Sunday Ukrainian schools in Australia.

The Youth movement is represented by Plast scout organisation and Ukrainian Youth Association. There is Ukrainian Women’s Association in Australia that was established in 1949.

Majority of Ukrainians in Australia belong to the Ukrainian Catholic and the Ukrainian Orthodox Churches.

Important role in the life of the Ukrainian community in Australia play mass media. During 1960th more than 20 different Ukrainian printed media were published throughout Australia. Nowadays there are two most popular Ukrainian newspapers are “Free thought” and “Church and Life”. Both newspapers published in Ukrainian and English. In particular, “Free Thought” is the first Ukrainian newspaper in Australia and has being published in Sydney from July 10, 1949. It has its representatives in Melbourne, Adelaide, Wollongong and Newcastle. “Church and Life” has being published in Melbourne from April 1960.

There are a number of Ukrainian radio stations: multicultural radio «SBS», «MSRA2000», «Three ZZZ» and «Ukrainian Radio Brisbane».

8.  Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in Australia

THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF AFGHANISTAN

1. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 17, 1995. 

2. Political relations:

Bilateral political relations between Ukraine and Afghanistan contain virtually no problematic issues; their recent trends allow to predict further constructive cooperation between our states.

During the period of existence of diplomatic relations between our states, a number of visits and meetings took place at the level of delegations of ministries:

August 27, 2003 - official visit of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan A.Abdullah to Ukraine, April 4, 2004 - official visit of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine K.Hryshchenko to Afghanistan. During the visits, a Protocol on Cooperation between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of both countries was signed;

July 13-14, 2007 - working visit of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine A.Yatsenyuk to Turkmenistan and the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. During the visit, meetings were held with President of Afghanistan H.Karzai, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Afghanistan R.Spanta, and Minister of Defense A.Vardak.

In 2012, the President of Ukraine met with the President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan as part of a meeting of the Heads of States and Governments of the countries contributing to the International Security Assistance Force (May 21, 2012, Chicago).

In November 2018, during a business trip to Afghanistan, Ambassador of Ukraine to Tajikistan and Afghanistan V.Nikityuk was received by President of the IRA A.Ghani, and held talks with Minister of Foreign Affairs of the IRA S. Rabbani.

On January 9, 2020, a telephone conversation took place between President of Ukraine V.Zelenskyy and President of Afghanistan A.Ghani.

On November 23-24, 2020, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine D.Kuleba addressed a high-level plenary session of the Afghanistan 2020 conference, which was attended by representatives of 66 states and 32 international organizations.

At the current stage of bilateral relations between Ukraine and Afghanistan, there are no problems of a political nature, which lays the foundations for strengthening and developing Ukrainian-Afghan relations.

On October 18, 2020, Ambassador of Ukraine to the Republic of Tajikistan V.Servatyuk presented credentials to President of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan A.Ghani for accreditation as Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (with residence in Dushanbe).

Also during his visit, Ambassador V.Servatyuk met with Chairman of the Lower House of the IRA Parliament M.Rakhmani, Head of the Presidential Administration Sh.Kargar, National Security Adviser to the President of the IRA H.Mohib, Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs H.Atmar, Acting Minister of Trade and Industry of the IRA F.Goryani, Acting Minister of Transport K.Zaki, Acting Minister of Defense A.Khalid. 

 

3. Trade and economic cooperation 

Recently, there has been a gradual intensification of Ukrainian-Afghan economic cooperation.

The main mechanism of cooperation is the Ukrainian-Afghan Joint Intergovernmental Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation. Currently, two of its meetings have been held in Kyiv: the first – on May 26 - 29, 2019; the second - on March 10, 2021.

There is a potential interest in increasing bilateral trade, in particular, the supply of Ukrainian agricultural products, Ukrainian meat, oil, sugar, confectionery, medicines and machinery (tractors), civil aircraft, IT technologies, etc., as well as the export of Afghan goods to Ukraine.

Ukraine has the necessary potential to participate in the implementation of important investment projects for Afghanistan. Ukrainian specialists can take part in the construction of the Afghan section of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Tajikistan railway, the construction of planned hydroelectric power plants on the Panj River. Ukrainian equipment and facilities could also be used in these projects. Ukraine has the necessary opportunities to expand Ukrainian-Afghan cooperation in the field of education and is ready to continue training Afghan students in Ukrainian universities.

On August 27, 2020, a Memorandum between the CCI of Ukraine and the CCI of the IRA on the establishment of the Ukrainian Trade House in the IRA was signed.

The difficult security situation in Afghanistan to some extent continues to have a negative impact on the establishment of effective cooperation between the parties in this area.

At the same time, despite the pandemic, there was an intensification of trade and economic relations.

During 2020, exports from Ukraine to Afghanistan amounted to 6.858 million USD, which is 200.5% compared to the same period in 2019. The basis of Ukrainian exports were sugar products and confectionery.

In 2020, Afghanistan exported goods worth 291.1 thousand USD to Ukraine, which is 200% compared to the same period in 2019. The basis of Afghan exports to Ukraine were the products of the group of edible fruits and nuts.

The balance for Ukraine is positive and amounts to 6.567 million USD.

At the same time, there was a certain change in the nomenclature of Ukrainian exports. In particular, "sugar and sugar confectionery" were still the largest indicators. Now there is the emergence of the position "meat and edible offal" (exports exceeded 652 thousand USВ), previously this position was absent.

4. Humanitarian cooperation

Ukraine is interested in strengthening cooperation in the humanitarian sphere, in particular in the field of education. Currently, cooperation between the two countries is based on the Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan on cooperation in the field of education (signed in 2004). The Afghani officials have repeatedly expressed interest in stepping up cooperation in higher education, including increasing the number of IRA citizens studying in Ukraine's higher education institutions, as Afghanistan's economy needs a large number of highly qualified professionals.

Ukrainian universities are also interested in cooperation - the Afghan party is systematically provided with individual proposals from Ukrainian educational institutions interested in attracting Afghan students.

5. Legal framework 

Ukraine and Afghanistan signed agreements on trade and economic cooperation (2004), on cooperation in the field of education (2004), Protocol on cooperation between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs (2003 and 2004), Agreement on cooperation between the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Ukraine and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry Chamber of the Transitional Islamic State of Afghanistan (2003), Intergovernmental Agreement on the Establishment of the Joint Ukrainian-Afghan Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation (April 2017).

In November 2018, the Agreement on Military Cooperation was signed between the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Ministry of Defense of Afghanistan.

Several drafts of intergovernmental agreements are under development: on air services, on international road transport, on the development of trade and economic cooperation, on the simplification of trade procedures, on the promotion and mutual protection of investments.

6. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Tajikistan 

THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF BANGLADESH

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 29, 1991

2. Establishment of t diplomatic relations: February 24, 1992

3. Political relations:

Political contacts

Meetings at the highest level:

September, 2000 – meeting between the President of Ukraine and Prime Minister of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh on the sidelines of the Millennium Summit (New York, USA).

Meetings between the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Bangladesh:

September, 1999 – meeting between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh on the sidelines of the 54th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations (New York, USA).

September, 2002 – meeting between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh on the sidelines of the 57th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations (New York, USA).

September, 2011 – meeting between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh on the sidelines of the 66th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations (New York, USA).

Visits at the Ministerial level:

March, 2011 – official visit of the Minister of Food and Disaster Management of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh to Ukraine.

August, 2011 - official visit of the Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine to Bangladesh.

October, 2011 - official visit of the Minister of Industries of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh to Ukraine.

August, 2014 – official visit of the Minister of Food and Disaster Management of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh to Ukraine.

August, 2015 - official visit of the First Deputy Minister of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine to Bangladesh.

January, 2017 – meeting between the First Vice Prime Minister – Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine and Minister of Commerce of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh (Visakhapatnam, India).

December, 2017 – meeting between the First Vice Prime Minister – Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine and Minister of Commerce of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh on the sidelines of the 11th WTO Ministerial Conference (Buenos Aires, Argentina).

September-October, 2019 - official visit of the Chairman of the State Migration Service of Ukraine to Bangladesh.

Political consultations:

February, 2010 - the first round of the Ukrainian-Bangladeshi political consultations chaired by the Deputy Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the People`s Republic of Bangladesh.

3. Ukraine-Bangladesh Bilateral Trade

Dynamics in bilateral trade between Ukraine and Bangladesh is generally characterized by a stable upward trend. At the same time, in 2020, due to Covid-19 pandemic of bilateral trade decreased by 18.2% and amounted to 455.8 million USD (539.1 million USD in 2019). Exports of goods from Ukraine amounted to 358.2 million USD, imports - 97.6 million USD. Ukraine had a surplus in goods trade of 260.6 million USD. The top commodities exported by Ukraine to Bangladesh were cereals (88.4% of the total volume of goods exported to Bangladesh in 2020). Main Bangladeshi commodities imported by Ukraine were knitwear (43.9%) and textiles (40.5%).

Dynamic of the Development of Trade between Ukraine and Bangladesh 

(million USD)

Indicators

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019 

2020

Trade Turnover

220,9

261,0

385,5

441,9

301,7

539,0

455,8

Export

152,9

207,0

327,5

371,8

218,2

442,7

358,2

Import

68,0

54,0

58,0

70,1

83,5

96,3

97,6

Balance

+84,9

+153,0

+269,5

+301,7

+134,7

+346,4

+260,6


4. Legal Basis of bilateral relations

The Legal and Treaty basis of the bilateral relations between Ukraine and the People`s Republic of Bangladesh consists of 4 international treaties in force.

International treaties in force:

1. Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the People`s Republic of Bangladesh.

2. Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh on Trade and Economic Cooperation.

3. Protocol on political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh.

4. Memorandum between the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine and the Ministry of Food and Disaster Management of the People`s Republic of Bangladesh on cooperation in suppling of certain types of agricultural products.

5. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of India

BRUNEI DARUSSALAM

1. Diplomatic relations: Diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Brunei were established on October 3, 1997.

The Embassy of Ukraine in Singapore is concurrently representing Ukraine in Brunei.

The Permanent Mission of Brunei to the United Nations and other International Organizations in Geneva is concurrently covering Ukraine.

2. Legal framework:

There are 6 bilateral agreements and memorandums between Ukraine and Brunei.

3.  Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Singapore

THE KINGDOM OF CAMBODIA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 27 December 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 23 April 1992.

3. Political relations:

Until September 2019, Ukraine was represented in the Kingdom of Cambodia by Ambassador of Ukraine to the Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Until 2014, Cambodia was represented in Ukraine by the Ambassador of the Kingdom of Cambodia to the Russian Federation.

There are no top-level contacts between Ukraine and Cambodia. The dialogue takes place between the two countries' representatives at the UN and at the ASEAN Secretariat.

4. Trade and economic affairs

Trade turnover between Ukraine and Cambodia in 2020 (million USD):


Export

Import

Balance

Total

Goods

1.8

23.9

-22.1

25.8

Services

0.018

0.351

-0.065

0.37

Разом

1.8

24.2

-22.4

26

In the structure of Ukrainian exports in 2020:

- meat and offal - 35.5%;

- wood and wood products - 19.2%;

- pharmaceutical products - 15.5%.

Imports of goods from Cambodia in 2020:

- knitted clothing - 53.1%; -

 shoes - 20%;

- textile clothing - 18.4%.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation 

The intensity of cultural and humanitarian cooperation is low due to the geographical remoteness of the countries and the lack of historical ties.

The last humanitarian contact took place in 2018, when a delegation of the Women's Union of Ukraine visited Cambodia working with representatives of the Cambodian Women for Peace and Development.

6. Legal framework 

Number of bilateral documents in force - 2.

Key documents:

- Agreement (in the form of an exchange of notes) between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Cambodia on the establishment of diplomatic relations (1992);

- Agreement between the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine and the Ministry of Public Works of the Kingdom of Cambodia on the recognition of seafarers' diplomas (2002).

7. Ukrainian community

According to the Embassy of Ukraine in Vietnam, as of beginning of 2021, up to 100 Ukrainian citizens live in Cambodia. There is no organized Ukrainian diaspora in Cambodia.

8.  Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 27 December 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 4 January 1992.

3. Political relations:

The bilateral relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China represent the strategic partnership, while reflecting longstanding traditions of friendship and cooperation between the two countries. China invariably supports Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. Ukraine remains firmly committed to “one China” policy.

The latest exchange of state visits of Heads of States took place in 2011 and 2013. In the course of these visits there were signed the basic documents that enshrine these days fundamental principles of friendship between two countries, determine achievements and priority spheres for further mutually beneficial development of Ukraine – China relations.

During the Chinese President’s visit to Ukraine in June 2011 there was signed the Joint Declaration on Establishment and Development of Strategic Partnership Relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China. The state visit of the President of Ukraine to China in December 2013 was signified by signing the Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China, the Joint Declaration on Further Deepening of Strategic Partnership Relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China as well as the Program of Development of Strategic Partnership Relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China for the years 2014-2018.

In January 2015, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko met Chinese Premier Li Keqiang within in the framework of World Economic Forum in Davos.

On 17January 2017, President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko held a meeting with President of the People's Republic of China Xi Jinping in the margins of the World Economic Forum in Davos where the two heads of states expressed their interests in intensifying of political dialogue at the highest level and deepening economic cooperation between Ukraine and China.

There is an inter-parliamentary cooperation between the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine and the National People’s Congress (NPC) of the People’s Republic of China. In the existing convocation of the Parliament of Ukraine there is a Group on inter-parliamentary relations with the People’s Republic of China consisting of 184 members of parliament co-headed by Grigoriy Surkis, Oleksandr Trukhin and Pavlo Khalimon. Within the National People’s Congress of the People’s Republic of China acts a Group of NPC’s delegates on inter-parliamentary relations with Ukraine headed by Zhang Yesui, Chairman of the NPC Foreign Affairs Committee.

In October 2014, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin held a meeting with Minister for Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China Wang Yi on the sidelines of the ASEM Summit in Milan.

On 27-28 April 2016, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin paid a working visit to China, where he negotiated with Minister of Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China Wang Yi, other Chinese high-level officials and took part in the Fifth Meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Member States and Observers of the Conference on Interaction and Confidence Building Measures in Asia.

On 18 September 2017, the meeting between Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Pavlo Klimkin and Minister for Foreign Affairs of the People’s Republic of China Wang Yi was held in the margins of the 72nd session of the UN General Assembly in New York. The discussion was focused on the two country’s cooperation in international fora.

During 2020-2021, Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and China held three telephone conversations between during which they discussed a wide range of issues of Ukrainian-Chinese interaction, countering COVID-19 as well as current topics of the international agenda.

On 19 April 2021, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmytro Kuleba delivered an online speech at the panel discussion "Accelerating trade ties in the context of pandemic isolation" of the Boao Forum for Asia and called to jointly develop trade in the Western Europe-Ukraine-Asia triangle.

On 15 April 2021, online political consultations were held at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers of the two countries on major aspects of bilateral relations and on UN topics. The Chinese side reiterated its full support for Ukraine's independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders.

Trade and economic relations

On December 23, 2020, the Fourth Meeting of the Commission for Cooperation between the Government of Ukraine and the Government the People's Republic of China was held online.

According to the results of 2020, China ranks first among all trade partners of Ukraine in terms of trade turnover.

Trade in goodsAccording to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in 2020, the trade turnover between Ukraine and China amounted to $15.4 billion, exports of goods from Ukraine to China amounted to $7.1 billion (+98%), imports of Chinese goods to Ukraine amounted to $8.3 billion (-9.8%). The negative balance for Ukraine during this period was $1.26 billion.

The structure of bilateral trade in goods.

The structure of Ukrainian exports to China in 2020 was dominated by supplies of: ore, slag and ash; cereals; fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin; ferrous metals; residues and waste from the food industry; boilers, machines; wood and wood products.

The structure of imports of Chinese goods to Ukraine was dominated by supplies of: electric machines; boilers, machines; land vehicles other than rail; plastics, polymeric materials; optical and photographic devices and apparatus; shoes; various chemical products; toys; organic chemical compounds; furniture; ferrous metals; ferrous metal products; rubber, etc.

Trade in services. In 2020, according to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, the trade in services amounted to $312.9 million. Exports of services from Ukraine to China amounted to $121.4 million (-36.3%), imports to Ukraine from China – $191.5 million (-15.6%). The negative balance for Ukraine was $ 70.0 million.

The structure of bilateral trade in services.

The structure of Ukrainian exports of services to China was dominated by: business services; transport services; repair and maintenance services not included in other categories; travel services; construction services; telecommunications services, computer and information services.

The structure of imports of services from China was dominated by: financial services; transport services; business services; telecommunications services, computer and information services; royalties and other services related to the use of intellectual property; travel services.

Bilateral investment cooperation. According to the National Bank of Ukraine, as of of September 30, 2020, $75.7 million of direct investments from China were attracted to the Ukrainian economy (since the beginning of the year, this figure has decreased by $ 6.2 million). Mainly Chinese investments are made in: Ukrainian industry - 43.5%; agriculture, forestry and fisheries - 12.3%; wholesale and retail trade, repair of vehicles - 10.2%; professional, scientific and technical activities - 19.7%; real estate transactions - 3.6%; transport, warehousing, postal and courier activities - 3.4%; construction - 3.4%, etc.

5. Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation

The main mechanism for development of cultural and humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and China is the Sub-commission on Cooperation in the sphere of culture of the Ukraine-China intergovernmental Commission on Cooperation. The latest Fifth Meeting of the Sub-commission was held in December 2020. As the result of the Meeting, the parties have signed the Protocol on the agreements to expand the bilateral cooperation in the field of arts and creative industries, to begin an exchange of experience on implementing digital technologies in the higher art schools, to promote joint cultural events, mutual musicians’ tours and holding of exhibitions.

The Days of Ukrainian Culture were successfully held in China in 2002, 2004 and 2018, and the Days of Chinese Culture in Ukraine – in 2010 and 2011.

During 2018-2020, together with its partners, the Embassy held a number of cultural, artistic and educational activities, among which the most remarkable are:

- China Tour of the popular Ukrainian music group ONUKA (Guangzhou, Beijing, August-September 2019);

- classical music concert and screening of the short-animated film "Prychynna" (Spellbound) on the occasion of the 205th anniversary since Taras Shevchenko’s birthday (Beijing, March 2019);

- a recital of the Kyiv Saxophone Quartet at the National Philharmonic of Ukraine at the Jintao Museum of Art (Beijing, December 2019);

- a presentation of Ukrainian museums at the Beijing Capital Museum (December 2019);

- online ballet performance “Children of the Night” with main dancers of the National Ballet and Opera Theatre of Ukraine Katherina Kuhar and Oleksandr Stoianov at the International Meet in Beijing Arts Festival hosted by China’s Ministry of Culture and the State Administration of Radio, Film and Television, Beijing Municipality Government and China Arts and Entertainment Group, (Beijing, January-February 2021 р.);

- different events dedicated to the Independence Day of Ukraine, the Day of Remembrance and Reconciliation, the Day of the Defender of Ukraine, the Day of the Armed Forces of Ukraine, the Day of the Heroes of the Heavenly Hundred, the World Embroidery Day, the Day of Liberation of Ukraine from the Nazi invaders.

For several years in a row, Ukrainian film industry has been represented at the Beijing Film Market with the Ukrainian national stand and the special event - "Ukraine is Your Destination" presenting Ukraine as a great partner offering favourable conditions for film production, a high level of industry professionalism, unique and diverse locations.

The Days of Modern Ukrainian Films in China were held at the 2nd Pioneer International Film Festival (Chongqing, 2019). 5 Ukrainian films, such as “DZIDZIO. The First Time” (2018), “The Adventures of Saint Nikolas” (2018), “Gendelyk” (2019), “Let's Dance” (2019), “Servant of the People-2” (2017) were presented to the Chinese cinema fans. The “Servant of the People-2” received the Best Foreign Film Award.

6. Scientific and Educational Cooperation

In the framework of the intergovernmental cooperation there are established the Sub-Commission on the issues of cooperation on the field of science and technology, Sub-Commission on cooperation in the spheres of space and Sub-Commission on cooperation in the sphere of education.

The priority areas of cooperation in the field of science and technology are: energy efficiency, aircraft construction, shipbuilding, environmental management, development of aerospace, information and communication technologies, as well as training and internships for graduate students and young scientists.

In April 2019, the Program of Scientific and Technical Cooperation between Ukraine and the People's Republic of China for the period 2019-2020 comprising a total of 32 joint projects was approved.

In the period from January 1 to February 28, 2021, within the process of preparation for the Fourth Meeting of the Sub- Commission on the issues of cooperation on the field of science and technology and the next Program of Scientific and Technical Cooperation between Ukraine and the People's Republic of China, a competition of Ukrainian-Chinese joint projects for 2021-2022 was held.

In November 2019, a meeting of the Joint Working Group to prepare for the Sixth Meeting of the Sub-Commission was held in the City of  Dnipro, during which the inclusion of new items in the Space Cooperation Program for 2016-2020 was agreed, and a new five-year Program was prepared.

On 22 October, 2020, with the assistance and participation of the Embassy of Ukraine in the PRC, under the co-chairmanship of the Chairman of the State Space Agency of Ukraine Volodymyr Usov and the Chairman of the Chinese National Space Administration Zhang Kejian, the Sixth Meeting of the Sub-Commission was held in online format. The parties discussed the results of the implementation of the Program for 2016 -2020 and signed the Program of Ukrainian-Chinese cooperation in the field of space for 2021-2025 comprising the 69 joint projects.

The main mechanism for the implementation of Ukrainian-Chinese cooperation in the field of education at the interstate level is the Sub-Commission on Cooperation in the sphere of education, established in 2011 within the framework of the Commission on Cooperation between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of China.

On June 12, 2019, the Third Meeting of the Sub-Commission on cooperation in the sphere of education was held in Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, China, chaired by Deputy Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine Roman Hreby and Deputy Minister of Education of the People's Republic of China Sun Yao. The Third Meeting of the Forum of Rectors of Ukrainian and Chinese Universities with the participation of representatives of 12 universities from Ukraine and 20 from China took place within its framework.

Following the event, the Protocol was signed and the Action Plan of the Sub-Commission on Cooperation in the sphere of education for 2019-2021 was approved, which identified priority areas for bilateral educational cooperation for both countries. A number of cooperation agreements between Ukrainian and Chinese universities was also signed. The next meeting of the Sub-Commission is scheduled for 2021.

Cooperation between the states in the format of creating centers for the study of Ukrainian and Chinese language and culture is actively developing. Currently, Ukrainian Language and Culture Studies Centers have been established in China at the universities of the cities of Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin, Dalian, Wuhan, Xi'an, and Harbin. Five Confucius Institutes are successfully operating in Ukraine, in which the students learn Chinese language and culture, namely in the Taras Shevchenko Kyiv National University, Kyiv National Linguistic University, Tchaikovsky National Academy of Music of Ukraine, Kharkiv National University named after V. Karazin and South Ukrainian National Pedagogical University named after K. Ushinsky. In addition, the Confucius Class was established at the Kyiv Gymnasium of Oriental Languages №1.

7. Legal Basis of Bilateral Cooperation

Over 300 agreements and legal documents signed at the state, governmental and ministerial levels make a legal basis in force of the Ukrainian-Chinese cooperation that generally corresponds to the current state of bilateral interaction.

The main documents for the political relations between Ukraine and China are: the Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China (04.01.1992), the Joint Ukrainian-Chinese Communiques (31.10.1992 and 24.06.1995), the Joint (Kyiv) Declaration between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China (06.09.1994), the Declaration on Development and Intensification of Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China (04.12.1995), the Joint (Kyiv) Declaration of Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China on Friendship and Comprehensive Cooperation in 21st century (21.07.2001), the Joint (Beijing) Declaration of Ukraine and China (18.11.2002), the Joint Statement by Ukraine and the People’s Republic of China regarding the Comprehensive Increase of Ukrainian-Chinese relations of friendship and cooperation (02.09.2010), the Joint Declaration on the Establishment and Development of Strategic Partnership between Ukraine and China (20.06.2011) and also Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and China, Joint Declaration to Further Deepening of the Strategic Partnership (both documents – 05.12.2013).

The basic documents for the economic sphere are: the Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of China on Trade and Economic Cooperation (08.08.1992); Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on scientific and technological cooperation (27.04.1992); Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the People’s Republic of China on Encouragement and Mutual Protection of Investments (30.05.1993).

8. Ukrainians in China

Ukrainian community (diaspora) does not exist as an organized structure in China.

Most of the Ukrainian nationals in China are students or contract employees in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Harbin and Hong Kong. Most of those Ukrainians organize some voluntary associations of compatriots with no formal structure nor registration. Such associations are aimed both at solving the current everyday problems and satisfying the national-patriotic search of the Ukrainians in China. These associations are supported by the Embassy; they organize different cultural and patriotic activities.

In order to facilitate establishment of the Ukrainian community in China the Embassy initiated a systematic work with Ukrainian students and business community.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

The Embassy of Ukraine in the People’s Republic of China 

THE REPUBLIC OF INDIA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 26, 1991.

2. Establishment of the Diplomatic Relations:  January 17, 1992.

3. Political relations:

Political contacts

Visits of Ukrainian and Indian Presidents :

March 25-29, 1992 - Official visit of L.Kravchuk, President of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

July 13-16, 1993 - Official visit of S.Sharma, President of the Republic of India to Ukraine.

October 2-5, 2002 - Official visit of L.Kuchma, President of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

June 1-4, 2005 - Official visit of A.P.J.Abdul Kalam, President of the Republic of India to Ukraine.

December 9-12, 2012 - State visit of V.Yanukovych, President of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

Visits of Speakers of Parliaments of Ukraine and the Republic of India:

December, 1-4, 2003 - Official visit of Ukrainian Parliamentary Delegation led by V.Lytvyn, Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

Visits of Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine:

April, 18-21, 1994 - Official visit of A.Zlenko, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

April, 7-8, 1997 - Visit of G.Udovenko, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of India (participation in the Conference of Non-Alignment Movement).

August, 11-12, 2003 - Official visit of A.Zlenko, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

November 24-27, 2011 - Official visit of K.Gryshchenko, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

October 5-6, 2017 - Official visit of P.Klimkin, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of India.

Political consultations:

December, 1994 - The first round of Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was held in Kyiv.

April, 17, 2000 - The second round of Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was held in New Delhi.

June 24-25, 2002 - The third round of Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was held in Kyiv.

April, 23, 2003 - The Fourth round of Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was held in New Delhi.

May 12-13, 2005 - The Fifths round of Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was held in Kyiv.

December 19, 2006 – The Sixth round of Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was held in New Delhi.

July 24, 2008 -The Seventh round of Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was held in Kyiv.

September 22, 2010 – The eighth round of Political Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was held in New Delhi.

June 15, 2016 – The ninth round of Political Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India was held in Kyiv.

4. Ukraine-India Bilateral Trade

Major directions of bilateral cooperation in the economic sphere are considered in the framework of the Ukraine-India Intergovernmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technical, Industrial and Cultural Cooperation, which was established under the Intergovernmental Agreement dated of 19.04.1994. Its last, 6th Session was held on February 5-6, 2018 in Kyiv.

Dynamic of the Development of Trade between Ukraine and India

(million USD)

Indicators

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019 

2020

Trade Turnover

2472,6

1887,0

2389,3

2767,0

2792,5

2765,5

2693,5

Export

1815,8

1444,1

1903,2

2205,7

2175,9

2024,1

1972,0

Import

656,7

442,9

486,1

561,2

616,6

741,4

721,5

Balance

+1159,0

+1001,2

+1417,1

+1644,4

+1559,3

+1282,7

+1250,5


5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

Bilateral cultural and humanitarian cooperation is based on the Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of India (signed on March 27, 1992); Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on Cooperation in Tourism Sphere (signed on August 12, 2003) and others.

Among the positive examples of cooperation – traditional participation of Ukrainian delegations in the World Culture Festival, held annually in India.

In 2011 the Kyiv Academic Studio of Dramatic Art «Suzirya» participated in the XIII International Festival «National School of Drama’s Bharat Rang Mahotsav» to present the play «All about Love» based on the work of Ukrainian writer Oleksandr Oles`.

In 2012 the project "From Kyiv to Lviv – the Olympic way through 6 continents" has been organized in New Delhi by Mr. Mykola Podrezan, Head of the Fund of Disabled People "IP-Fund". In December that year the Ukrainian side arranged in New Delhi the Art Exhibition of Mr. Volodymyr Kozar, Head of Ukrainian Roerich Society, named "From Carpathians to Himalayas”.

In 2013-2014 the Ukrainian dance studio “Amrita" performed programs of classical Indian dances.

In 2016 Ukrainian films were widely presented at the 14th International Film Festival in Pune (Maharashtra, January, 2016), 8th International Children's Film Festival in Lucknow (Uttar Pradesh, April 7-15, 2016) and 5th Delhi international Film festival (December, 2016, New Delhi).

Cooperation of the two countries on studying Indian specialists in Ukrainian universities remains nowadays one of the key areas of bilateral relations. Almost 20 thousand Indian nationals are studying in Ukrainian higher institutions.

12 bilateral agreements on cooperation were signed by Ukrainian and Indian universities.

Moreover, since 2007 the Center for Hindi and Indian culture has been functioning in Kyiv in the Institute of Philology, Taras Shevchenko National University, in 2013 the Karazin National University of Kharkiv launched the Ukrainian-Indian academic center, etc.

6. Legal Basis of bilateral relations

The Legal and Treaty basis of the bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of India consists of 21 international treaties in force.

International treaties in force:

1. Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of India

Date of signature: 17.01.1992

Date of entry in force: 17.01.1992

2. Protocol on the Establishment of Consular Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of India

Date of signature: 17.01.1992

Date of entry in force: 17.01.1992

3. Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of India

Date of signature: 27.03.1992

Date of entry in force: 10.11.1992

4. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on Trade and Economic Cooperation

Date of signature: 27.03.1992

Date of entry in force: 27.03.1992

5. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on cooperation in the field of culture, arts, education, tourism, sports and mass media

Date of signature: 27.03.1992

Date of entry in force: 27.03.1992

6. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on the Establishment of the Indian-Ukrainian Inter-Governmental Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific, Technological, Industrial and Cultural Cooperation

Date of signature: 19.04.1994

Date of entry in force: 19.04.1994

7. Agreement on technical and economic cooperation between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India

Date of signature: 19.04.1994

Date of entry in force: 19.04.1994

8. Protocol on consultations between Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Ministry of External Affairs of the Republic of India

Date of signature: 19.04.1994

Date of entry in force: 19.04.1994

9. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on Air Services

Date of signature: 07.07.1995

Date of entry in force: 07.07.1995

10. Convention between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with respect to Taxes and Income and on Capital

Date of signature: 07.04.1999

Date of entry in force: 31.10.2001

11. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on Merchant Shipping

Date of signature: 03.10.2002

Date of entry in force: 15.05.2003

12. Treaty between Ukraine and the Republic of India on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters

Date of signature: 03.10.2002

Date of entry in force: 11.09.2003

13. Agreement between Ukraine and the Republic of India on Protection of Classified Information

Date of signature: 12.08.2003

Date of entry in force: 18.06.2004

14. Framework Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on Cooperation in the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space

Date of signature: 02.06.2005

Date of entry in force: 15.02.2006

15. Treaty between Ukraine and the Republic of India on extradition

Date of signature: 03.10.2002

Date of entry in force: 18.01.2007

16. Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on Visa-Free Travels for Holders of Diplomatic Passports

Date of signature: 25.11.2011

Date of entry in force: 14.09.2012

17. Agreement between the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine and Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Government of India for Exchange of Technical Information and Cooperation on Nuclear Safety and Radiation Protection

Date of signature: 10.12.2012

Date of entry in force: 10.12.2012

18. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on Cooperation in the Field of Defence

Date of signature: 10.12.2012

Date of entry in force: 13.06.2013

19. Memorandum of Understanding between the State Financial Monitoring Service of Ukraine and Financial Intelligence Unit-India, Ministry of Finance, Government of the Republic of India

Date of signature: 18.02.2014

Date of entry in force: 20.02.2014

20. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of India on Cooperation in the Fields of Science and Technology

Date of signature: 10.12.2012

Date of entry in force: 10.06.2014

21.Treaty on mutual legal assistance in civil and commercial matters

Date of signature: 10.12.2012

Date of entry in force: 19.08.2017

Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of India

THE REPUBLIC OF INDONESIA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: on December 28, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 11, 1992.

3. Political relations:

Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Indonesia (RI) are developing in the spirit of friendship and mutual understanding. RI supports Ukraine's state sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognized borders. RI pursues a consistent policy of non-recognition of attempts to annex the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol. This position has been unswervingly declared by the Indonesian Side during bilateral political contacts since the beginning of the Russian aggression against Ukraine.

Main bilateral contacts:

February 24-28, 1996 - visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Indonesia.

April 10-13, 1996 - State visit of the President of Ukraine to Indonesia.

July 7-10, 1996 - visit of the Defence and Security Minister of Indonesia to Ukraine .

March 10-11, 2004 - visit of Indonesian Air Forces Commander to Ukraine.

May 25-27, 2005 - visit of the Head of the Constitutional Court of Indonesia to Ukraine.

May 28-29, 2005 - visit of the Governor of the Special Capital region of Jakarta to Ukraine.

July 1-5, 2005 - visit of the Indonesian Naval Forces Commander to Ukraine.

June 19-24, 2007 - visit of Kyiv Сity State Administration delegation to Indonesia.

January 28, 2010 - meeting of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia within the framework of the International Conference on Afghanistan (London).

June 2011 - visit of the Indonesian Commander of the Armed Forces General Staff to Ukraine.

March 27, 2012 - meeting of the President of Ukraine and the President of Indonesia within the framework of the 2nd Nuclear Security Summit (Seoul).

September 23, 2013 - meeting of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia within the framework of the 68th UN General Assembly (New York).

September 23-25, 2013 – visit of Parliamentary Delegation headed by the Speaker of Parliament of Indonesia to Ukraine.

August 5-7, 2016 - State visit of the President of Ukraine to Indonesia.

August 10-11, 2017 - visit of the Chairman of the Commission I (Foreign Policy, Defense and Information) of the Council of People's Representatives of Indonesia to Ukraine.

October 23-24, 2017 - visit of the Chairman and Members of the Friendship Group of the Parliament of RI "Indonesia-Ukraine" to Ukraine.

November 30 - December 1, 2017 - visit of the Vice-Speaker of the Council of People's Representatives of Indonesia to Ukraine.

March 26-28, 2018 - visit of the Parliamentary Delegation headed by the Vice Speaker of the Parliament of Indonesia to Ukraine.

March 2, 2019 - meeting between deputy foreign ministers of Ukraine and Indonesia within the framework of the 46th ministerial OIC session (Abu Dhabi).

June 21-23, 2019 - visit of Kyiv City State Administration delegation to Indonesia.

February 7-10, 2020 – visit of the Deputy Minister of Defense of Indonesia to Ukraine.

February 24, 2020 - meeting of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia within the framework of the High Level Segment of the 43rd session of the UN HRC (Geneva).

March 30, 2020 - telephone conversation between the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia.

November 1-2, 2020 - working visit of the Vice-Speaker of the Council of People's Representatives of the Republic of Indonesia to Ukraine.


High-level bilateral bodies:

Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Indonesian Commission on Economic and Technical Cooperation (meetings in Kyiv in 2006, in Jakarta in 2009 and in Kyiv in 2018).

Political Consultations between MFA of Ukraine and MFA of Indonesia (meetings in Jakarta in 1998, in Kyiv in 2006, in Jakarta in 2009 and in Kyiv in 2018).

The Group on Interparliamentary Relations with RI (established in Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on April 28, 2020).

The Group on Bilateral Cooperation with Ukraine (established in the Council of People's Representatives of RI on February 26, 2020).


4. Trade and economic relations

Throughout recent years the Republic of Indonesia remained the biggest trade partner of Ukraine in Southeast Asia region.

According to Ukraine’s statistics, the bilateral trade turnover between Ukraine and Indonesia in 2020 amounted to 1,01 billion USD and decreased compared to 2019 by 1,7% (1,03 billion USD). Ukraine has a positive balance of 457,6 million USD.

In 2020 export of Ukrainian goods to Indonesia amounted to 735,6 million USD and increased by 0,1% compared to 2019. Main export items were cereals (74,3%),  ferrous metals (22%), sugar and sugar confectionary products (1,3%) and products of flour-and-cereals industry (0,7%).

Import in 2020 amounted to 278 million USD and decreased by 6% compared to 2019. Its main items remained palm oil (52%), ores, slag and ash (8,3%), electrical machinery (6,6%), footwear (5,8%), cocoa and its derivatives (3,7%), paper and paperboard (3,4%), machinery, nuclear reactors, boilers (2,2%), natural rubber (2%), tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes (1,7%), musical instruments (1,3%), coffee and tea (1,4%) and toys (1%).

The Third Session of the Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Indonesian Commission for Economic and Technical Cooperation was held in Kyiv on 21-22 February 2018. It was summarized with the signing of the Protocol that outlined main directions of bilateral trade and economic, scientific and technical, industrial and investment cooperation.

Among problematic issues remain protectionist measures against Ukrainian goods:

- anti-dumping duty on imports of hot-rolled plate (12,33%), imposed in 2012 and extended till 2024;

- decision of Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Indonesia to add Ukraine into the list of risky countries to cooperate with in military-technical and security sphere, that may suspend all projects with Ukraine in mentioned areas.

The most promising areas for bilateral trade and economic cooperation are: agricultural (supply of wheat and flour, fresh fruits and other agricultural products), military-technical (supply and repair of military equipment and weapons, as well as transfer of technology), energy (supply of turbines, generators, transformers for thermal and hydroelectric power), engineering (mining, gas pumping equipment), metalurgical (stell products, technology and equipment for steel plants), pharmaceutical and food industry.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

Humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and RI is concentrated mainly in the fields of education, culture and tourism.

In 2012, the teaching of Indonesian at the Department of Oriental Languages of the Institute of Philology of Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv.

Educational cooperation largely takes place within the framework of cooperation between higher education institutions of Ukraine and Indonesia, based on the relevant cooperation agreements.

As of 2020, eight Memoranda of Understanding have been concluded between Ukrainian between V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University and Gajah Mada University (Yogyakarta); between Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University (Lutsk) and Parahyangan Catholic University (Bandung); between the National Aviation University and Telkom University (Bandung); between the Ukrainian Islamic University (Kyiv) and Darunnajah Islamic Boarding School (Jakarta); between Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv and Telkom University (Bandung); between Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv and the University of Indonesia (Jakarta); between Science and Technology Center of Ukraine (Kyiv) and the Bandung Institute of Technology (Bandung); between Zhytomyr National Agroecological University (Zhytomyr) and Bogor Agricultural University (Bogor).

Some projects in the field of cultural diplomacy are being implemented.

In June 2019, a monument to Anna Yaroslavna was unveiled in Jakarta. Kyiv Princess is a gift from city of Kyiv to city of Jakarta.

The introduction by the Indonesian side in 2016 of a visa-free regime for citizens of Ukraine and the introduction by our country from 2018 of "electronic visas" for citizens of RI contributes to the growth of bilateral tourist exchange.

In 2019, about 35,000 Ukrainians visited Indonesia and 2,000 Indonesian citizens visited Ukraine.

6Legal framework

The total number of valid documents, including interstate, intergovernmental and interdepartmental: 25.

Key documents:

1. Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Indonesia (June 11, 1992).

2. Protocol between Ukraine and the Republic of Indonesia on cooperation in the field of higher education (August 27, 1994).

3. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Republic of Indonesia's economic and technical cooperation (February 26, 1996).

4. Joint Declaration on the Principles of Relations and Cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Indonesia (April 11, 1996).

5. Trade Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia (April 11, 1996).

6. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on the Promotion and Protection of Investments (April 11, 1996).

7. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia for the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion for taxes on income (April 11, 1996).

8. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on Air Services (11 April 1996).

9. Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Ministry of Defense and Security of the Republic of Indonesia on cooperation in the field of armaments and military equipment, logistics, and technical assistance (July 8, 1996).

10. Agreement between the Ministry of Foreign Economic Relations and Trade of Ukraine and the Ministry of Industry and Trade of the Republic of Indonesia concerning the application of anti-dumping measures on rolled hot-rolled and non-rolled products originating in Ukraine (25 May 1998).

11. Protocol on Consultations and Cooperation between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia (March 10, 2003).

12. Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation and Exchange of Information between the National Bank of Ukraine and the Bank of the Republic of Indonesia (August 7, 2003).

13. Protocol of the First Joint Session of Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Indonesian Commission on Economic and Technical Cooperation (September 28, 2005).

14. Cooperation Agreement between the twin cities of Kyiv and Jakarta (June 21, 2007).

15. Framework Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on Cooperation in the Field of Exploration and Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (November 6, 2008).

16. Protocol of the Second Joint Meeting of the Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Indonesian Commission on Economic and Technical Cooperation (June 2, 2009).

17. Agreement on Cooperation between the Chamber of Commerce of Ukraine and the Chamber of Commerce of the Republic of Indonesia (June 2, 2009).

18. Memorandum of Understanding between the State Financial Monitoring Service of Ukraine and the Center for Analysis of Financial Transactions of the Republic of Indonesia on cooperation in the exchange of financial information related to money laundering and terrorist financing (July 10, 2012).

19. Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine and the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia on cooperation in the field of agriculture (August 5, 2016).

20. Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia on cooperation in diplomatic staff training (August 5, 2016).

21. Memorandum of Understanding between the State Service of Ukraine for Medicinal Products and Drug Control and the National Agency for Quality Control of Medicinal Products and Foodstuffs of the Republic of Indonesia on cooperation in the pharmaceutical field (November 4, 2016).

22. Protocol of the Third Meeting of the Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Indonesian Commission for Economic and Technical Cooperation (February 22, 2018).

23. Protocol between the State Service of Ukraine for Food Safety and Consumer Protection and the Indonesian Agricultural Quarantine Agency of the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia on cooperation in the field of quarantine and plant protection (April 18, 2018).

24. Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on an exemption from visas for citizens who use diplomatic and service passports (February 17, 2019).

25. Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Indonesia on cooperation in the field of defense (September 6, 2020).

7. Ukrainian community (diaspora)

Currently, there is no Ukrainian community and/or public associations or organizations of foreign Ukrainians in RI.

Labor migration to RI is also uncharacteristic of Ukrainian citizens due to the considerable distance, as well as uncompetitive wages compared to some other countries in Southeast Asia.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Indonesia

ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: December 25, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: January 22, 1992.

3. Political relations:

Active dialogue has been maintained since the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Iran, as evidenced by the exchange of numerous official visits at various levels.

Bilateral cooperation is based on the principles of mutual benefit and respect for sovereignty.

The most important in recent years were meetings between Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Iran P. Klimkin and M. J. Zarif in February 2014, 2016 and 2017 in Germany on the sidelines of the Munich Security Conference, as well as at the 69th session of UN General Assembly; visit to Iran of the Ukrainian government delegation headed by Vice Prime Minister – Minister of Regional Development, Construction and Housing of Ukraine G.Zubko to participate in the Fifth Meeting of the Ukrainian-Iranian Intergovernmental Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation from 07 to 08 March 2016; visit to the Islamic Republic of Iran by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine May 29-30, 2016. During this visit, P.Klimkin met with the President of IRI H.Rouhani, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of IRI M.J.Zarif, the Speaker of the Majlis of the Islamic Council of IRI A.Larijani and Deputy Minister of Oil of IRI A.Zamaninia; visit of the Minister of Energy and Coal Industry of Ukraine I.Nasalik to Iran on July 31 - August 2, 2016; consultations on consular and legal issues between the heads of consular services of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs on August 6-7, 2016 in Tehran and on July 24, 2017 in Kyiv; visit to Iran of the delegation of Ukraine headed by the First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine - Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine S.Kubiv on the occasion of the inauguration ceremony of the President of Iran on August 5, 2017; visit to Ukraine of the Chairman of the Commission on National Security and Foreign Policy of the Majlis of IRI A.Borujerdi on November 13-17, 2017

In 2020 Ukraine and Iran had the following political contacts:

20.01.2020 - visit to Ukraine of the Minister of Roads and Urban Development of Iran M.Eslami. During the visit M.Eslami, having a status of the Special Representative of Iranian President, met with the President of Ukraine V.Zelensky, the Minister for Foreign Affairs V.Prystaiko and the Minister of Infrastructure V.Kryklii.

15-17.02.2020 – working visit of the Secretary of Ukrainian National Security and Defense Council, O.Danilov to the Islamic Republic of Iran by the invitation of the Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council of Iran Ali Shamkhani to discuss the problematic issues of the investigation of the Ukrainian plane crash on 08.01.2020.

On July 30, 2020 in Kyiv and October 19-20, 2020 in Tehran were held negotiations at the level of Deputies of Foreign Ministers of Ukraine (Y.Yenin) and Iran (M.Baharvand and S.Araqchi) on issues related to PS752 aircraft crash near Tehran on January 8, 2020.

On October 19, 2020 in Tehran Ukraine and Iran conducted political consultations. Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Y.Yenin headed the Ukrainian delegation. Deputy Foreign Minister of Iran headed the Iranian negotiating team.

In addition, ministries and institutions of Ukraine exchanged bilateral visits of governmental delegations, including the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Ministry of Industrial Policy, the Ministry of Transport, the Ministry of Coal Industry, the National Bank, the Ministry of Culture and other government agencies.

4. Trade and economic cooperation

Iran remains an important trade and economic partner of Ukraine.

In 2020 the trade turnover between Ukraine and Iran amounted to 307.07 million US dollars, including export of goods - 258.85 million US dollars, imports - 48.22 million USD. Positive balance for Ukraine - 210.63 million USD.

In 2020 the volume of trade of services between Ukraine and Iran amounted to 2.96 million USD. Export of services reached 2.32 million USD, import amounted to 0.65 million USD. Positive balance for Ukraine: 1.7 million USD.

The basis of Ukrainian export: agricultural and food products - 97%.

Basis of import: edible fruits and nuts - 35.5%, products of processing of vegetables - 19.2%, pharmaceutical products - 11.3%, vegetables - 4.8%.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

At present, for objective reasons, there are no large-scale cultural and humanitarian events between Ukraine and Iran. At the same time, there is a tendency of mutual interest in the history, culture and art of both countries.

The example of this interest is the premiere of the play “Holodomor” in March 2021 at Tehran's Neauphle-le-Chateau Theater. The author's idea, written by Iranian playwright Ali Safari, was embodied on the stage by the youth amateur group of the “Segane” theater troupe, directed by Rahi Hajizeinal.

The play was the first attempt to bring to the stage an actual and topical issue of the Holodomor of the Ukrainian people in 1932-1933, not only in Iran, but probably all over Asia. It stimulated interest to the topic among Iranian theater and art circles. Even in the conditions of anti-epidemic restrictions, the play was attended by a large number of spectators every day, and now it is planned to include it in the theater's repertoire on a permanent basis.

The Iranian intellectual society is interested in Ukrainian literature, both modern and classical. In particular, the farsi translation of the novel "Gray Bees" by Ukrainian writer Andriy Kurkov and play of Mykola Kulish "Mina Mazailo" were presented in Iran.

The participation of Ukrainian and Iranian teams in scientific and educational Olympiads and sports competitions held in Ukraine and Iran has become traditional events. In November 2020, the winner of one of the competitions of the 5th Congress of the USERN (Universal Scientific Education and Research Network) on the basis of the Tehran University of Medical Sciences, was a Ukrainian girl Sofia Ananieva. In February 2021, the Iranian sports team of power sports successfully performed in Kyiv, and won several prizes, including arm wrestling.

6. Bilateral legal framework

The legal framework of Ukrainian-Iranian relations covers a wide range of issues for the further development of mutually beneficial cooperation in various fields. Currently it has 37 valid documents: interstate - 9; intergovernmental - 10; interdepartmental - 18.

Key documents:

Declaration on the Principles of Friendly Cooperation between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran (April 26, 1992);

Agreement on International Road Transport between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (October 16, 1995);

Memorandum of Understanding on Cooperation in Political and Economic Spheres (February 18, 1997);

Memorandum of Cooperation between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran (June 9, 1997);

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran on cooperation in the field of culture, education and science (September 10, 1997);

Air Services Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (February 14, 2000);

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and on funds (July 21, 2001);

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on cooperation in the field of tourism (May 22, 2002);

Agreement on the Fundamentals of Relations and Principles of Cooperation between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran (October 15, 2002);

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on mutual assistance and protection of investments (July 5, 2003);

Agreement on Maritime Merchant Shipping between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran (May 27, 2004);

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Iran on mutual assistance in customs matters (March 23, 2005);

Agreement between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran on legal relations and legal assistance in civil and criminal affairs (31.08.2007);

Agreement between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran on the transfer of convicted persons (January 11, 2008);

Agreement between Ukraine and the Islamic Republic of Iran on the extradition of offenders (July 17, 2008).

7. Ukrainian community

There are no officially registered public associations of Ukrainians in Iran and practically no labor migration. According to the data of Ukrainian Embassy in Iran, there are up to 600 Ukrainian citizens in Iran. About 30% of all citizens of Ukraine live in Tehran.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

Embassy of Ukraine in the Islamic Republic of Iran

JAPAN

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: December 28, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: January 26, 1992.

3. Political relations:

Relations between Ukraine and Japan are free from any political problems or differences and based on common views and approaches on many topical issues of international agenda.

Japan consistently supports the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine, rejects any attempts of illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol by Russia, advocates for a peaceful settlement of the situation in the East of Ukraine, and has imposed a regime of sanctions against Russian Federation.

Japan provides significant assistance to Ukraine in particular technical and financial spheres both directly and through projects managed by international organizations. Japan plays an important role in strengthening democratic institutions, carrying out administrative and economic reforms, stabilizing the macroeconomic situation, developing culture, education, medicine and infrastructure in our country. The Japanese government donates into restoration of the infrastructure of the Eastern regions of Ukraine, as well as supports internally displaced persons from the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine.

Japan is a key member of the major international organizations, including G7, the IMF, the World Bank and the OECD. As a leading international creditor and one of the centers of foreign investment, Japan remains a promising trade, economic, and financial partner of Ukraine. This creates a solid ground for the development of many directions of collaboration, in particular in trade and economic, credit and financial, scientific and technical spheres.

Political contacts between the two countries 

On June 5-6, 2015, Mr. Abe Shinzo, Prime Minister of Japan, paid the first official visit to Ukraine in the history of bilateral relations.

On April 5-7, 2016, Mr. Petro Poroshenko, President of Ukraine, paid an official visit to Japan at the invitation of the Prime Minister of Japan Shinzo Abe.

On February 26-March 2, 2017, Mr. Andriy Parubiy, Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine, paid a working visit to Japan at the invitation of the Government of Japan.

On October 21-24, 2019, Mr. Volodymyr Zelenskyy, President of Ukraine, paid a working visit to Japan to participate in the Emperor of Japan Naruhito’s enthronement ceremony (October 22).

Dialogue at the level of the foreign ministers

On July 17, 2014, Mr. Kishida Fumio, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan, visited Ukraine.

On March 2-3, 2015, Mr. Pavlo Klimkin, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, paid an official visit to Japan.

On October 21, 2019, Mr. Vadym Prystaiko, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, had a meeting with Mr. Motegi Toshimitsu, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (during the presidential visit to Tokyo).


Inter-Parliamentary ties 

On March 16-17, 2021, at the invitation of the Japanese Side, Mr.Andriy Taran, Minister of Defense of Ukraine, paid a first visit to Japan in the history of bilateral relations.

The Parliamentary League for Inter-Parliamentary Relations with Ukraine was established in the Parliament of Japan in 1995. Chairman of abovementioned League Mr. Mori Eisuke, member of the House of Representatives of the Parliament of Japan, visited Ukraine in 2013, 2015 and 2019.

The Delegation of Parliamentary Group for Inter-Parliamentary Relations with Japan has resumed its activities in the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine (headed by Yaroslav Zheleznyak) since October 15, 2019,

During the recent high-level meetings, the Japanese Side reiterated its stance on unwavering support of Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity, non-recognition of Russia's illegal annexation of Crimea, underlined its readiness to continue providing financial, technical and humanitarian assistance to Ukraine as well as further support at implementing of vital reforms in our state.

4. Trade and economic cooperation

Economic and investment cooperation between Japan and Ukraine is being realized in the framework of regular discussions held during Joint Meetings of the Coordinating Council for Economic Cooperation with Japan at the Ministry of Economic Development of Ukraine and the Ukrainian Committee of the Japanese Business Federation "Keidanren". Such meetings are being held alternately in Tokyo and Kyiv. The Joint Meetings are considered as a platform for coordination of bilateral cooperation in such areas as energy and mineral resources, energy efficiency, renewable energy sources, industry, cooperation in agriculture, development and modernization of transport infrastructure.

Leading Japanese corporations which are members of the Ukrainian Committee of the Japanese Business Federation "Keidanren" already present in Ukraine. They are: Sumitomo, Itochu, Mitsui, Marubeni, Mitsubishi, Sojits, Rakuten as well as multinational manufacturing companies such as Japan Tobacco, Panasonic, Takeda, Maekawa, Yazaki and Fujikura.

Ukraine's economic cooperation with Japan is determined primarily by the influence and leading role of Japan in shaping global financial, industrial and trade policy in the G7 and through international financial and trade structures (IMF, WB, EBRD, IFC, OECD, WTO, etc.).

Japan plays a significant role in the world and in cooperation with Ukraine as one of the world's largest investors and donors of technical and grant assistance. In 1992-2020, Japan provided 3.2 billion USD of the financial and technical assistance to Ukraine under the Government's Official Development Assistance (ODA) program and through international organizations for the construction of infrastructure facilities, stabilization of the macroeconomic situation in Ukraine, providing equipment for the Ukrainian cultural and medical institutions and military hospitals, as well as for the restoration of the infrastructure of Donbass region and assistance to victims of hostilities of Russian occupation.

Annual assistance for the reconstruction of Donbass infrastructure and assistance to the victims of hostilities from the Russian occupation is provided through international organizations as OSCE, International Red Cross, United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Development Program UN (UNDP) and others. In 2020, the Government of Japan provided 4.23 million USD of such assistance.

Implementation of large-scale infrastructure projects based on yen loans under the ODA program is significantly important for the development of Ukraine's economy. Among the projects are “Construction of Terminal D of the International "Boryspil" Airport” (opened in 2012), "Reconstruction of Bortnychi Aeration Station" (results of the tender are pending in 2021) and “Construction of a bridge over the Southern Bug River in Mykolaiv City" (technical documentation of the project is under preparation).

In 2010-2016 under the financial mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol on the Green Investment Schemes basis in the context of environmental and climate safety of Ukraine and Japan a number of projects for a total amount of 300 million USD have been implemented. Those funds were raised by the selling of reduce greenhouse gas emissions quotas to the Government of Japan from Ukraine, and were spend for the modernization of Kyiv Metro, the National Police patrol cars, reconstruction of schools, hospitals and other social facilities throughout Ukraine.

Following the conclusion of the Agreement on Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments (signed on February 5, 2015; ratified by the Law of Ukraine №505-VIII of June 3, 2015) and the introduction in 2016 of a free trade zone between Ukraine and the EU under the Association Agreement, Ukraine has become more attractive for Japanese business in terms of investment and trade.

Foreign direct investment (FDI) from Japan in Ukraine reaching 145 million USD in 2020 and are concentrated mainly in the field of wholesale and retail trade and servicing of vehicles, as well as in the production of components for vehicles. In this sector, Japanese business is represented by the production facilities of Japanese companies Yazaki (Transcarpathian region) and Fujikura (Lviv region). Almost all car cable products of these companies are exported to the EU car plants.

In 2017-2020, there was an increase in Japanese FDI in the agro-industrial sector of Ukraine. Thus, Sumitomo Corporation acquired a controlling stake in the Ukrainian company Spectrum-Agro, which has an extensive network of about 20 offices and enterprises in all regions of Ukraine and specializes in the supply of agricultural machinery and plant protection products, fertilizers. etc.

"SDG’s Corporation" invested more than 30 million USD in agricultural production and construction of a grain elevator for 46 thousand tons (Ukrainian agricultural company "Kivshovata Agro" in Tarashcha district of Kyiv region) during 2017-2020.

Significant portion of the Japanese FDI to Ukraine (more than 500 million USD) made by transnational Japanese corporations comes from other countries and is not recorded as Japanese FDI.

In order to attract Japanese investments, Ukrainian side initiated negotiations between the Ministries of Finance of Japan and Ukraine on the conclusion of a new Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation. The first round of online talks took place on March 22-24, 2021.

During 2015-2020, there has been a steady increase in bilateral trade in goods and services between Japan and Ukraine.

 (mln USD)


2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Trade turnover

630,3

764,0

941,5

969,3

1 235,30

1 270,25

Export

243,0

192,0

218,0

231,9

259,87

190,60

Import

387,3

572,0

723,5

737,4

975,43

1079,65

Balance

-144,3

-380,0

-505,5

-505,5

-715,56

- 889,05


The main exports from Ukraine to Japan are: iron concentrates and pellets, tobacco products, cereals (mainly corn), raw aluminium, titanium (titanium products) and ferroalloys. Japanese imports to Ukraine are mainly products of mechanical engineering and high-tech industries, which are dominated by vehicles and spare parts for them (over 65%).

According to the Ukrainian State Statistics Service data, the total volume of bilateral trade in goods and services in 2020 increased by 2.8%, comparing to 2019, and reached 1,270.25 million USD.

Trade in goods and services in 2020, compared to 2019

(mln USD)


General

Changes to the previous period

Goods

Changes to the previous period

Services

Changes to the previous period

Trade turnover

1 270,25

+ 2,8%

1258,0

+4,3%

12,25

-47,6%

Export

190,60

- 27,0%

181,7

- 27,3%

8,90

-10,1%

Import

1079,65

+ 9,6%

1076,3

+ 11,8%

3,35

-80,5%

Balance

- 889,05


- 894,6


+5,55



In the context of global trade, bilateral trade statistics do not reflect the full participation of Japanese business in the Ukrain’s foreign trade.

The volume of exports made by Japanese corporations in 2020 from Ukraine to other countries (except Japan) amounted to approximately 400 million USD.

The volume and structure of bilateral trade between Ukraine and Japan in 2020 were determined primarily by the significant negative impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the economic situation in Japan and the disruption of supply chains. This led to a reduction in supplies of the main product of Ukrainian exports - iron ore by 65% in 2020.

At the same time, in 2020, there was an increase in supplies of tobacco products to Japan by 16%, as well as increase in exports of oil, fats and grain products. A new position in Ukrainian food exports in 2020 was the supply of fish to Japan in the amount of 4.75 million USD.

The structure of trade between Ukraine and Japan for 2020

(mln USD)

Export

Import

Goods

Amount

mln USD

Share %

Goods

Amount

mln USD

Share %

Tobacco and tobacco substitutes

84,0

46,2

Means of land transport

697,99

64,90

Iron ores and concentrates

49,0

26,9

Mechanical engineering products (except cars)

117,98

10,95

Agricultural products, including

17,8

9,8

Optical and photographic devices and apparatus

88,4

8,2

fats and oils - 6.48

fish - 4.75

vegetable processing products - 2.7

dairy products, eggs and natural honey - 1.25

12,2

6,7

Pharmaceutical products

45,79

4,3

Various chemical products (organic and inorganic)

7,1

3,9

Rubber and rubber

39,29

3,7

Wood and wood products

4,5

2,5

Chemical products. industry, including

32,0

3,0


International exhibitions in Japan, as well as online trade missions and web conferences, remain important tools for promoting Ukrainian goods and services on the Japanese market. The key trade fairs held annually in Japan are the FOODEX International Food and Beverage Exhibition and the JATA WTF International Tourism Fair, which serve as a platform for businesses to enter the local and regional market.

The Council of Exporters and Investors at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine conducts its activity to facilitate the entry of Ukrainian exporters into the Japanese market, as well as the involvement of Japanese FDI to prospective projects in Ukraine.


4.1. Science and Technology Cooperation

The Japan-Ukraine Commission for Science and Technology Cooperation is a mechanism for intensifying bilateral dialogue in the field of science and technology and promoting joint research projects, in particular, in nano-, information and biotechnology, renewable energy, etc. The 1st (constituent) meeting of the Commission took place in Kyiv on February 5, 2006. The last 3rd meeting was held on December 5-6, 2013.

In 2011 cooperation with Japan as part of the study of Ukraine's experience in overcoming the consequences of the Chernobyl accident was launched. Ukraine has became one of the first countries which offered Japan humanitarian, expert, advisory and technical assistance to overcome the consequences of the Fukushima-1 accident. The bilateral visits are carried out at various levels to exchange experiences on overcoming the consequences of the nuclear accidents, environmental recovery after technogenic catastrophe, as well as to discuss possible actions and mechanisms of collaboration between the two countries within Fukushima-Chernobyl cooperation framework.

On April 18, 2012 «Agreement between the Government of Japan and the Government of Ukraine concerning Cooperation to Advance Aftermath Response to Accidents at Nuclear Power Stations» was signed. For the first time in the world, the two countries affected by the world's largest nuclear power plant accidents have established a legal framework aimed further cooperation with scientific and technological potential and resources, as well as the use of knowledge and experience of experts from both countries to overcome the consequences of the NPP`s accidents.

In accordance with the provisions of the above-mentioned Agreement, five meetings of Japan Ukraine Joint Committee for the cooperation to advance aftermath response to accidents at nuclear power stations have been held - in 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016 and 2017.

Starting from April 2017 to March 2022 the project «Strengthening of the Environmental Radiation Control and Legislative Basis for the Environmental Remediation of Radioactivity contaminated Sites (Chernobyl project)» has been implementing within SATREPS project (Science and Technology Research Partnership for Sustainable Development) https://www.jst.go.jp/global/english/kadai/h2803_ukraine.html.

This project realizes under the «Agreement on technical cooperation and grant assistance between the Government of Japan and the Government of Ukraine» and the «Agreement between the Government of Japan and the Government of Ukraine concerning Cooperation to Advance Aftermath Response to Accidents at Nuclear Power Stations».

The project is funded and managed by two Japanese government agencies: the Japan Science and Technology Agency (funding the Japanese organizations in the SATREPS project) and the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), funding technical assistance to Ukraine under the project and the activities of Japanese partners in Ukraine).

In 2021 there have been intensified contacts between the National Research Foundation of Ukraine and the Japan Science and Technology Agency on the prospects of the Foundation's participation in the EIG CONCERT-Japan program, as well as with the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science of Science on the conclusion of a Memorandum of Cooperation between the two institutions.

Cooperation in the field of renewable energy sources is also being developed for the last year. For the first time the cooperation in the framework of hydrogen technologies was launched in 2020. On December 17, 2020, the Ukrainian company Hydrogen Ukraine LLC and the Japanese companies Hrein Energy Inc., Sojitz Corporation signed a Memorandum of Non-Disclosure, which initiates cooperation between Ukraine and Japan in the production, storage and transportation of hydrogen produced in Ukraine.

5. Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation 

The development of cultural and humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and Japan is an important element of deepening mutual understanding and friendly relations between Ukrainian and Japanese people.

The presentation of Scythian Gold, an important Ukrainian cultural heritage, has become a notable cultural event for both countries. “The Gold of Ukraine” exhibition that took place from November 1998 to May 1999 presented artifacts from the Ukrainian National History Museum to the Japanese public. The exhibition attracted more than five hundred thousand visitors in six months. From September to November 2012 the Osaka Museum of History hosted an exhibition “Ukrainian Treasure: The Art of Scythian Gold”.

Among other notable events in the history of mutual cultural relations were Pavlo Virsky Ukrainian National Folk Dance Ensemble tours held in 2000 and 2003 in more than 20 Japanese cities (organized by “Min-On”, a Japanese concert agency).

First “Ukrainian Culture Month in Japan” took place from October to December 2006, garnering popular acclaim and featuring National Opera of Ukraine, solo performances by Ukrainian bandura players - Oksana Stepanyuk and Nataliya Gudziy, violinist Andrii Belov, “Theater on Podil”, art exhibition of Oleksandr Ivakhnenko, “Kyivski Soloveiky” children's choir performance, among many other cultural events.

The National Opera of Ukraine performs in Japan nearly every year. Cooperation in ballet is actively developing by virtue of the cooperation between the Kyoto Terada Ballet School and the Kyiv State Ballet School. Michiko Takao, director of the Kyoto ballet school, was awarded the Order of Princess Olga (III class) for her relentless efforts in promoting Ukrainian culture abroad and strengthening Ukrainian-Japanese relations. She also received a reputable award from the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Ukraine for her “persistent and fruitful work in cultural milieu”. Ms. Takao’s son, Nobuhiro Terada, has been the creative director of the Kyiv State Battel School since 2012. He was designated as Distinguished Artist of Ukraine (February 12, 2003) and People’s Artist of Ukraine (August 21, 2015) by the President of Ukraine.

The Academic Symphony Orchestra of the National Philharmonic of Ukraine under the direction of chief conductor Mykola Dyadyura performed in Japan to great acclaim, as well as other outstanding musicians, including composer Valentin Silvestrov, pianist Oleksiy Hrynyuk, violinist Oleh Krysa who performed with Chie Sawada, a Japanese violinist and the head of “Japan-Ukraine Art Association”. Opera singer Oksana Stepanyuk, bandura musicians Kateryna Gudziy and Nataliya Gudziy, conductor of the “Japan Orchestra for Youth” Taras Demchyshyn contribute greatly to the promotion of Ukrainian culture in Japan.

Cooperation continues between the twin cities of Kyiv and Kyoto (from 1971), and of Odesa and Yokohama (since 1965).

On the initiative of the President of Ukraine, the year 2017 was proclaimed the Year of Japan in Ukraine, dedicated to the 25th anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries. It included numerous cultural events, such as planting sakura, an exhibition of paintings of Ukrainian soldiers created by Japanese artist Natsume, an exhibition of Japanese art works at the “Mystetskyi Arsenal” museum in Kyiv.

In Japan, exhibitions, cultural events, and Ukrainian film screenings are held on a regular basis. A photo exhibition commemorating 27 years of Ukrainian independence in the World Trade Center Building as well as “The Ukrainian Week” in Tokyo took place in 2018. From September to December 2019 the Embassy of Ukraine in Japan hosted “Ukrainian Culture Days” jointly with Japanese partners and the Ukrainian community. Eleven events in Tokyo, Yokohama, Nagoya, and Tokyo included exhibitions of leading Ukrainian modern artists in Tokyo National Art Center, Petrykivka painting workshops, Ukrainian-style fashion show in the Bunka Fashion College, and Ukrainian classical music concerts featuring soloists from Lviv National Music Academy, etc.

The movies “Thank You”, “Ukraine Travel Book”, “Winter on Fire” and “Cyborgs” were screened in 2019 in Yokohama. The same year “Atlantis” by Valentyn Vasyanovych won Special Jury Prize at the Tokyo International Film Festival and “Hutsulka Ksenya” by Olena Demianenko won the main prize at the Atami Film Festival 2019.

Cultural and humanitarian cooperation in 2020 developed against the backdrop of the global coronavirus pandemic. Cultural events, such as online photo exhibition “Sumo. A Life of a Champion” created by a Ukrainian artist Zoia Skoropadenko and dedicated to Koki Taiho (Ivan Boryshko), a great Japanese wrestler of Ukrainian origin awarded with the Order of Merit (III class) in 2011; as well as an online exhibition celebrating 55th twin city anniversary between Odesa and Yokohama.

Cooperation between Ukraine and the cities of Kashihara (Nara), Hino (Tokyo), Sapporo (Hokkaido), and Amagasaki (Hyogo) was established to organize training of the Ukrainian Olympic team before the Olympic and Paralympic games. Ukraine participated in the “Imagine OneWorld Kimono” project, which created a kimono with Ukrainian motifs to be exhibited during the Olympics, and initiated issuing of commemorative postage stamps “Ukraine - Hino City”.

The Vyshyvanka (Ukrainian embroidered shirt) parades take place in Tokyo and Nagoya to spread a positive image of Ukraine in Japan. “Dzhereltse” and “Khrobachok” Sunday schools in Tokyo, as well as “Berehynia” school in Nagoya, popularize the Ukrainian language and traditions.

Cooperation in the area of education is mostly defined by two Japanese government programs aimed at granting financial aid to Ukrainian students, undergraduate, master and doctoral students, professors, and researchers who want to advance their Japanese language proficiency or learn Japanese expertise in their respective fields. The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan (MEXT) offers programs to advance Ukrainian students’ knowledge of the Japanese language as well as scholarships for graduate students in various fields. The Japan Foundation implements several internship programs for doctoral students and Japanese language teachers. According to the data from the Ministry of Justice of Japan, 19 Ukrainian professors, 9 researchers, and 99 students resided in Japan as of 2020.

There is an ongoing development in cooperation between Ukrainian and Japanese universities. The Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv is actively cooperating with the Ryukoku University (Kyoto), the Tenri University (Nara), the Tsukuba University, and the Aoyama Gakuin University (Tokyo); the Institute of Agroecology and Natural Resource Management of the National Academy of Sciences is cooperating with the Kobe Gakuin University; the Kyiv National Linguistic University - with the Osaka University of Economics and Law; the Ivan Franko National University of Lviv has academic ties with the Tokyo University of Foreign Studies. An academic exchange agreement between the Toyama University of International Studies and the Odesa Mechnikov National University was signed in 2018 with the participation of the Embassy of Ukraine in Japan.

The Association of Ukrainian Studies in Japan led by Kobe Gakuin University professor Yoshihiko Okabe holds meetings on a yearly basis. The mission of the Association is to introduce Ukrainian history, economy, society, culture, and traditions to the Japanese public. In 2021 a monography by Professor Okabe “History of Japanese-Ukrainian relations between 1915-1937”, as well as the Japanese edition of “Western Geisha”, a novel by Ukrainian writer, Japanese studies scholar, “Koronatsiya Slova” literary award laureate, Doctor of Arts Eva Hadashi, were presented in Tokyo.

6. Legal Framework of Ukraine-Japan Bilateral Relations

Number of valid bilateral agreements: 56 (*as of April 2021)

The major agreements are as follows:

Joint Statement on Japan-Ukraine Global Partnership (January 19, 2011).

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Japan on Cooperation to Advance Aftermath Response to Accidents at Nuclear Power Stations (entered into force May 30, 2012).

Agreement between Ukraine and Japan on the Promotion and Protection of Investment (signed on February 5, 2015; ratified by the Law of Ukraine №505-VIII of June 3, 2015; entered into force on November 26, 2015).

Loan Agreement on the «Bortnytchi Sewage Treatment Plant Modernization Project» provided by the Government of Japan (signed on June 6, 2015, ratified on September 2, 2015).

Memorandum between the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Ministry of Defense of Japan on cooperation and exchanges in the field of defense (October 12, 2018).

7. Ukrainian community

According to official data from the Immigration Services Agency of Japan, as of December 2020, the Ukrainian community in Japan  consists of about 1,903 people who have the status of permanent or temporary residents. Most Ukrainians live in the country's largest industrial centers, such as Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya, and stay in Japan for employment, study, or as family members. At present, the number of highly qualified specialists from Ukraine, including IT specialists, scientists and students, is significant.

Three organizations of Ukrainians are officially registered in Japan: "Japanese-Ukrainian Cultural Association" (in Nagoya since 2018), "Japan-Ukraine Partners Association" (in Kawasaki since 2020) and "Association of Friendship of Japan and Ukraine Krayany" (NGO Krayany) (in Tokyo since 2021). There are also three Ukrainian Sunday schools: Dzhereltse and Hrobachok in Tokyo, and Berehynia in Nagoya. The Orthodox Church of Ukraine, established on the initiative of the community, has been acting since 2004.

Despite the gradual assimilation of Ukrainians in Japan, which is an objective condition for living in the country, the older generation is trying to preserve and pass on Ukrainian traditions and culture. At the same time, the younger generation is mostly less active and cohesive.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

Embassy of Ukraine in Japan 

THE REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: December 23, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: July 23, 1992

3. Political relations:

October 8, 2020 – meeting between First Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine Emine Dzhaparova and Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Mukhtar Tleuberdi in the framework of the 15th International Security Forum "GLOBSEC" in Bratislava.

April 3, 2020 – telephone conversation between Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and the Republic of Kazakhstan.

October 22, 2019 – meeting between President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy with the First President of Kazakhstan – Elbasy Nursultan Nazarbayev as part of their participation in the enthronement events of the Japanese Emperor (Tokyo).

September 25, 2019 – meeting between President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy and President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev on the sidelines of the 74th UN General Assembly in New York.

October 8-9, 2015 – President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko paid an official visit to the Republic of Kazakhstan.

December 22, 2014 – working visit of President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev to Ukraine.

June 7, 2014 – Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan Karim Massimov visited Ukraine to participate in the inauguration ceremony of President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko.

August 26, 2014 – President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko met with President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev in the framework of EU-Ukraine-Eurasia troika format consultations (Minsk).

September 24-25, 2013 – Prime Minister of Ukraine paid a working visit to the Republic of Kazakhstan to participate in the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council meeting at the level of heads of government.

Dialogue between foreign ministries:

October 13-15, 2013 – Ukrainian Foreign Minister, the OSCE Chairman-in-Office paid working visit to the Republic of Kazakhstan. During the talks with the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan and meetings with other Kazakhstani officials, the preliminary results of Ukraine's OSCE Chairmanship, current bilateral and international issues were discussed.

December 5-6, 2013 – working visit of the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan Erlan Idrisov to Ukraine to participate in the OSCE summit (Kyiv).

September 25, 2018 – Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and the Republic of Kazakhstan met on the sidelines of the 73rd Session of the UN General Assembly (New York, USA);

February 28, 2017 – Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and the Republic of Kazakhstan met as part of their participation in the high-level segment of the 34th Session of the UN Human Rights Council (Geneva).

May 14-15, 2013 – First Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine Ruslan Demchenko visited Kazakhstan. During the visit, Ukrainian-Kazakhstani political consultations were held at the level of deputy foreign ministers and a plan for consultations between two foreign ministries for 2013-2014 was signed.

Inter-parliamentary cooperation:

A parliamentary group on cooperation with the Mazhilis of the Parliament of the Republic of Kazakhstan has been established in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. A similar group has been created in the Mazhilis (lower chamber) of the Kazakhstani Parliament.

April 11, 2013 – meeting between the Chairman of Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and the Chairman of the Mazhilis of the Parliament of Kazakhstan within the framework of the IPA CIS meeting.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation

Joint Interstate Ukrainian-Kazakhstani Commission on economic cooperation. The last, 13th meeting of the Joint Interstate Ukrainian-Kazakhstani Commission on economic cooperation was held on June 14-16, 2017 in Nur-Sultan.

August 18, 2020 – the 2nd meeting of the Working Group on increasing trade turnover between Ukraine and the Republic of Kazakhstan was held on-line.

March 16, 2020 – the first joint online meeting of the Ukrainian-Kazakhstani Business Council was held, as a result of which the work of the Business Council was resumed in practice and ways to deepen bilateral trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Kazakhstan were identified.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, the total volume of trade (goods and services) between Ukraine and the Republic of Kazakhstan amounted to 813.4 million US dollars. Comparing to 2019, it decreased by 80.9 million US dollars or by 9.1%. Exports of Ukrainian goods and services to the Republic of Kazakhstan during this period amounted to 365.9 million US dollars. Comparing to 2019, it decreased by 48.5 million US dollars, or by 11.7 %. Imports from Kazakhstan to Ukraine during this period amounted to 447.5 million US dollars. Comparing to 2019, it decreased by 32.4 million US dollars or by 6.8%. Negative foreign trade balance for Ukraine in 2020 amounted to 81 million US dollars. Comparing to 2019, it increased by 15.5 million US dollars, or by 23.6%.

Direct investments from Kazakhstan to Ukraine in 2020 amounted to 24.3 million US dollars, of which 21.6 million US dollars (88.8% of the total investment volume) in the sphere of "Financial and Insurance activities", and decreased by 6.6 million US dollars comparing to 2019, or by 21.4%.

Direct investments from Ukraine to Kazakhstan in 2020 amounted to 1.1 million US dollars – an increase by 0,2 million US dollars, or 22.2%.

5. Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation

The Cultural and Information Center of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Kazakhstan plays an important role in the field of cultural and humanitarian cooperation. On its basis, in March-April 2014, a Mobile Group of Friends of Ukraine was formed, and now, within the framework of the Association of Ukrainian-Kazakhstani Friendship, an informal club of fans of Ukraine operates, which includes scientists from the L.N.Gumilyov Eurasian National University, other universities in Nur-Sultan, representatives of Parliament, Government and other public institutions.

Since 2010, there has been active cooperation at the level of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine and the Republic of Kazakhstan. Within the framework of the bilateral agreement on studying at universities in both countries, a systematic recruitment of students in various specialties in leading educational institutions of Ukraine and Kazakhstan takes place on a free of charge basis. Within the framework of educational cooperation, a stable working relationship has been established and maintained between the Center for International Education of Ukraine and the Bolashak Center for International Programs of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

In 2019, the Association of Graduates (citizens of Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan) of educational institutions of Ukraine was established in the Republic of Kazakhstan. The purpose of the Association is to promote Ukrainian education, culture and traditions in the Republic of Kazakhstan, assist in establishing bilateral relations in the field of science and education between Ukraine and the Republic of Kazakhstan, and support the Embassy of Ukraine in implementing state programs in the humanitarian and economic spheres.

6. Bilateral Legal Framework

Currently, there are 89 agreements in force between Ukraine and the Republic Kazakhstan. Key document is the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and Kazakhstan signed on January 20, 1994. As of April 2021, the parties are working on seven drafts of bilateral documents.

7. Ukrainian Community 

Total number: officially 264 thousand ethnic Ukrainians; unofficially – more than 800 thousand ethnic Ukrainians. Association of Ukrainians: there are two Public Associations: "Council of Ukrainians of Kazakhstan" (four societies) and the Association "Ukrainians of Kazakhstan" (eight societies), as well as four national and cultural centers.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

The Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

KYRGYZ REPUBLIC

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: December 20, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 19, 1992

3. Political relations:

September 2011: meeting between Presidents on the sidelines of the 66th session of the UN General Assembly (New York);

September 2012: meeting between the President of Ukraine and the Chairman of the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic within the framework of the 67th session of the UN General Assembly (New York);

September 2012: meeting between Prime Ministers within the framework of the Council of the CIS State Leaders session (Yalta);

September 2013: Prime Ministers’ meeting within the framework of the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council session at the level of the CIS heads of government (Astana);

March 2012: meeting of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine with the Chairman of the Parliament of the Kyrgyz Republic within the framework of the CIS Inter-parliamentary Assembly session (Almaty);

April 2012: meeting between Foreign Ministers within the framework of the CIS Council of Foreign Ministers session (Astana);

October 2013: working visit of the Foreign Minister of Ukraine to the Kyrgyz Republic;

December 2016: meeting between Foreign Ministers on the sidelines of the 23th session of the OSCE Council of Foreign Ministers (Hamburg).

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation

High-level bilateral agencies: first session of the Joint Ukraine-Kyrgyzstan Intergovernmental Cooperation Commission was held on March 27-28 2003 in Kyiv; the second session was held on May 14-15, 2007 in Bishkek; and the third one was held on July 4, 2013 in Kyiv.

Head of Ukraine’s side of the JIC is Deputy Minister for Development of Economy, Trade and Agriculture of Ukraine, Trade Representative (ex officio) Taras Kachka, Head of the Kyrgyz part of the JIC - not determined due to the restructuring of the Ministry of Economy of Kyrgyzstan.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, total cross-border trade of goods and services between Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic amounted to 44.3 million US dollars in 2020, increasing by 13.1% from the same period in 2019.

Total bilateral cross-border trade of goods amounted to 42.6 million US dollars in 2020, increasing by 2.75 million US dollars or 9.8% from the same period in 2019.

Export of goods from Ukraine amounted to 42.6 million US dollars (increased by 13.1%), and import from Kyrgyzstan amounted to 1.7 million US dollars (reduced by 15.3%). Positive balance for Ukraine in the trade of goods amounted to 40.9 million US dollars.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

Since the establishment of the diplomatic mission in the Kyrgyz Republic, a number of bilateral agreements on cooperation in the field of education have been signed between the universities of Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic, specifically between:

- Zh. Balasagin Kyrgyz National University and Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv;

- Kyrgyz State University of Construction, Transport and Architecture and Kyiv National University of Construction and Architecture (July 2018);

- Kyrgyz-Turkish Manas University and the Institute of Mathematics of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Kyiv), Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University (Lutsk);

- K.Karasayev Bishkek Humanities University and Kyiv National Linguistic University, Nizhyn Mykola Gogol State University, Poltava V.G.Korolenko National Pedagogical University, Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University, T.G.Shevchenko Chernihiv State Pedagogial University, Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University of Cherkasy, Mykolayiv State University for the Humanities named after Petro Mohyla and Kharkiv Institute of Administration.

The parties are considering draft Cooperation Agreement between the National Academies of Sciences of Ukraine and Kyrgyzstan.

6. Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation

Since the opening of the Embassy of Ukraine in 2000, centers of Ukrainian studies have been established in several Kyrgyz universities, where students have been able to learn the Ukrainian language as a second foreign language, and events related to Ukrainian themes are regularly held.

Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic’s cultural cooperation has being developed with given consideration for long traditions of cultural exchange in place between the two countries, and for significant Ukrainian diaspora represented in Kyrgyzstan.

The Dostuk radio channel of Kyrgyz Republic’s Public Television and Radio Corporation, having its slogan «Our strength is unity!», releases weekly radio broadcast of Ukrainian Society of Kyrgyz Republic «Berehynia». The broadcast network includes cognitive and educational programs on such topics as Ukrainian culture, history, art and literature. The broadcasting is carried out in the Ukrainian language.

7. Bilateral Legal Framework

The legal framework of bilateral relations consists of more than forty international documents, the key of which is the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic of June 19, 1996, which entered into force on December 24, 2001.

8. Ukrainian Community

In Kyrgyzstan, Ukraine has the third largest diaspora of former USSR republics represented in countries of Central (Middle) Asia. In 1989, 108.3 thousand Ukrainians lived here, and 20 years later, in 2009, the number was 21 924 Ukrainians. Most of them live in Bishkek City, Osh and Issyk-Kul regions. According to the National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic in 2019, the number of Ukrainians has been 10600 persons (0.2% of all Kyrgyzstan’s population).

Since the establishment in 1993, Honored Worker of Education of the Kyrgyz Republic, Honored Worker of Culture of Ukraine Volodymyr Narozia, has headed the Ukrainian Society of the Kyrgyz Republic «Berehynia» (USKR).

USKR «Berehynia» takes efforts to enhance interethnic concord and unity of the people of Kyrgyzstan, favors the development of cooperation between Ukraine and the Kyrgyz Republic, and aims at deepening friendly relations between Ukrainian and Kyrgyz people in the fields of culture and education, information and science.

Beside the capital city, USKR «Berehynia» has branch offices in in places of compact residence of Ukrainians: specifically towns of Tokmok, Kara-Balta, Karakol and Osh, as well as villages and settlements of Sadove, Petropavlivka, Petrivka, Poltavka, Sokuluk, Novopokrovka.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

The Embassy of Ukraine in Kyrgyz Republic.

THE LAO PEOPLE’S DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC 

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 2, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 17, 1992.

3. Political relations:

1999 – meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Laos in the course of the 54th session of the United Nations General Assembly (New York, USA).

20-21.11.2007 - visit of Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Laos to participate in the Ministerial Conference of the International Organization of Francophonie (Vientiane, Laos).

2010 – meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Laos in the course of the 65th session of the United Nations General Assembly (New York, USA).

30.06-02.07.2011 – official visit of H.E. Mr. T.Sisoulith, Vice-Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Laos to Ukraine (Kyiv).

4. Trade and Economic Relations 

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in 2020 the volume of bilateral trade in goods made up 1,4 million USD. The trade balance was positive for Ukraine and amounted to 215 thousand USD.


 

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Trade turnover

2,1

3,1

1,1

1,2

1,4

1,4

Export

1,6

2,4

0,2

0,2

0,7

0,8

Import

0,5

0,7

0,9

1

0,7

0,6

Trade balance

+1,1

+1,7

- 0,7

- 0,8

+0,027

+ 0,2

5. Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation 

Practically absent.

6. Bilateral Legal Framework 

Legal basis of the Ukrainian-Lao relations consists of 3 documents.

The key agreement is Protocol on Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Lao People’s Democratic Republic (1992).

7. Ukrainian community

There are no public organizations or associations which unite Ukrainians in Laos. There are about 10 Ukrainian citizens who work in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic.

 8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Thailand.

MALAYSIA

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: 31st December 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 3rd March 1992.

3Political relations:

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, political dialogue between Ukraine and Malaysia had always been based on the principles of mutual respect, support and benefit.

Committed to bring justice to the families of victims of the heinous attack by the Russian surface-to-air missile on Malaysian Airlines flight MH17 over Eastern Ukraine in July 2014, Ukraine and Malaysia embarked on the new era of partnership. As a result, the exchange of visits and the scope of cooperation in the international organizations have reached unprecedented level.

Milestones: 

December 2002 - visit of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Malaysia to Ukraine;

13-16.07.2003 – official visit of Prime Minister of Malaysia to Ukraine;

21-23.07.2014 - visit of Foreign Minister of Malaysia to Ukraine;

8-10.09.2014 - working visit of Minister of Defence of Malaysia to Ukraine;

03-05.08.2016 – official visit of the President of Ukraine to Malaysia;

04.08.2016 - Foreign Ministers’ talks (in the framework of the visit of the President of Ukraine to Malaysia, Putrajaya).

The historic visit of President of Ukraine to Malaysia on 3-5th August 2016 opened a new chapter in the bilateral relations. It strengthened the good rapport between the leaders and reaffirmed mutual commitment to seek justice in the MH17 tragedy. It also laid the grounds for launching of the Joint Trade Committee and marked an important step forward in bringing the defence cooperation to the next level. The talks in Putrajaya provided a powerful impetus for enhancing cooperation in tourism and education.

High level of coordination and mutual support at the UN Security Council in 2016 has become another vivid evidence of the increasingly close partnership between the two countries.

29th October 2019 – first ever political consultation at the Senior Officials` level of Foreign Ministries was held in Putrajaya.

30th October 2019 – a Group of Friendship with Malaysia was set up at the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation

Despite the global crisis caused by the COVID-19 pandemic and significant restrictive measures implemented by many countries, bilateral trade between Ukraine and Malaysia continued to show positive dynamics for the fifth consecutive year, consolidating Ukraine's status as one of Malaysia's key trading partners among the Central and European countries.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in 2020 the total volume of Ukraine-Malaysia trade in goods increased by 1% compared to 2019 and amounted at USD 415.95 million. Exports from Ukraine to Malaysia reached USD 181.08 million (↓0.3%), while imports to Ukraine: USD 234.87 million (↑2%).

At the same time, according to the Department of Statistics of Malaysia, in 2020 the total volume of trade in goods decreased by 1.5% compared to 2019 and amounted at MYR 1,5 billion (USD 389.39 million). Exports from Ukraine to Malaysia: MYR 949.46 million (USD 249.96 million, ↓6%), imports to Ukraine MYR 530.22 million (USD 139.53 million, ↑8%). Positive trade balance for Ukraine: USD 110.03 million.

The discrepancy in the statistical data of Ukraine and Malaysia is due to the different approaches to the calculations of the statistical authorities of the two countries. The Malaysian side takes into account the place of origin of the goods, and the Ukrainian side - the country affiliation of the relevant business entities.

Trade in services in 2020 amounted at USD 14.13 million (↑12%), exports: USD 12.17 million (↑7%), imports: USD 1.96 million (↑57%) with a positive balance for Ukraine at USD 10.21 million. The basis of trade in services were: transport services; business services; government services; telecommunications and information services.

5. Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation

Tourism is one of the fastest-growing segment of Ukrainian-Malaysian bilateral relations. More than 15,000 Ukrainian tourists visit Malaysia each year, with an average 10% annual increase. Meanwhile, Ukraine as an attractive tourist destination has also a lot to offer to Malaysian visitors - ski resorts in the Carpathian Mountains, Black Sea coast recreation and entertainment facilities, eco-tourism, unique historical attractions.

There are various Ukrainian-themed events taking place in Malaysia on a regular basis. Those are celebrations, exhibitions, fashion shows, traditional food festivals, and social gatherings. The main goal of these activities is to introduce the general public in Malaysia to the culture, history, and traditions of Ukraine.

With the aim to unite and to promote the interests of Ukraine in both cultural and humanitarian fields at the beginning of 2017 the public organization "Ukrainian Cultural Association" (UCA) was officially registered by the Register of Societies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Malaysia.

6. Bilateral Agreements

The legal framework of Ukrainian-Malaysian relations covers a wide range of different spheres. As of March 2020, there are nine international treaties signed:

Agreement on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations, 1992;

Trade Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia, 2002;

Protocol between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia on mutual access to markets of goods and services, 2004;

Memorandum of Understanding between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia on Cooperation in the Defence Sphere, 2007;

Agreement between Ukraine and Malaysia on the deployment of Malaysian personnel to Ukraine following the downing of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17, 2014

Agreement between Ukraine and Malaysia on prolongation of the Agreement between Ukraine and Malaysia on the deployment of Malaysian personnel to Ukraine following the downing of Malaysian Airlines Flight MH17, 2016;

Treaty between Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia on Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters, 2016;

Treaty between Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia on Extradition, 2016;

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia for the Avoidance of Double Taxation and the Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income, 2016 (not entered into force);

Treaty between Ukraine and the Government of Malaysia on the International Transfer of Prisoners, 2021 (not entered into force).

7. Ukrainian community: 

Currently, few hundreds Ukrainians reside in Malaysia, mainly in Kuala Lumpur and in Penang, where Ukraine’s Consulate started its operations in August 2020.

In 2017 Ukrainian Cultural Association (UCA) was officially registered by the Register of Societies of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Malaysia.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

Embassy of Ukraine in Malaysia

THE REPUBLIC OF MALDIVES

1. Recognition of Ukraine: May 24, 1993

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: August 17, 1993

3. Political relations:

Political contacts

Meetings between the Ministers for Foreign Affairs:

March 4, 2008 – meeting between the First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Maldives on the sidelines of the 7th Session of the UN Human Rights Council (Geneva, Switzerland).

Visits and meetings at the Ministerial level:

May, 2013 – meeting between the Minister of Health of Ukraine and the Minister of Health of the Republic of Maldives on the sidelines of the 66th WHO Assembly (Geneva, Switzerland).

July 4-5, 2013 – official visit of the Minister of Health of the Republic of Maldives to Ukraine.

January, 2019 - meeting between the First Vice Prime Minister – Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine and the Minister of State for Economic Development of the Republic of Maldives (Mumbai, India).

4. Ukraine-Maldives Bilateral Trade

Dynamics in bilateral trade between Ukraine and Maldives is generally characterized by a stable upward trend.

In 2020, bilateral trade amounted to 4.25 million USD (3.08 million USD in 2019, increase - 38%). Exports of goods from Ukraine amounted to over 4.1 million USD, imports - 115 thousand USD. Ukraine had a trade in goods surplus of 4 million USD. The top commodities exported by Ukraine to Maldives were meat and edible by-products (87.2% of the total volume of goods exported to Maldives in 2020). Imports from the Maldives were dominated by seafood (49.2%).

Dynamic of the Development of Trade between Ukraine and Maldives

(million USD)

Indicators

2018

2019 

2020

Trade Turnover

8,6

3,0

4,25

Export

8,1

2,99

4,1

Import

0,05

0,08

0,115

Balance

+7,6

+2,91

+4,0


5. Legal Basis of bilateral relations

The Legal and Treaty basis of the bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Maldives consists of 1 international treaty in force - Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Maldives.

6. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of India

MONGOLIA

1. Recognition of the independence of Ukraine: 17 January 1992.

2. Establishing of the diplomatic relations: 21 January 1992.

3. Political relations:

The high-level political dialogue is built on stable, equal and confident basis that forms the ground for enhancing relations between the two countries in different fields.

High-level visits and meetings that were the most important for the development of Ukraine-Mongolia relations: state visit of the President of Mongolia to Ukraine (2002), state visit of the President of Ukraine to Mongolia (2003), state visit of the President of Mongolia to Ukraine (2011), meetings of the presidents of the two countries during: the "Millennium Summit" (New York, 2000), the celebration the 60th anniversary of foundation of the State of Israel (Jerusalem, May 2008), the 64th Session of the UN General Assembly (New York, September 2009), in the framework of the World Economic Forum (Davos, January 2011).

On 19 September 2012 Ulaanbaatar hosted a regular round of political consultations on the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Mongolia. 28-30 April 2013 Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine visited Mongolia to participate the 7th Ministerial Conference "Community of democracies". In December 2013 Foreign Minister of Mongolia paid a visit to Ukraine to participate in the OSCE Ministerial meeting.

16-18 September 2015 the Permanent delegation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly participated in the 14th Annual Autumn Session of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly in Ulaanbaatar.

On 30 March 2021 in order to intensify the inter-parliamentary ties the Deputies’ Group of the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine for Inter-Parliamentary Relations with Mongolia was established. It consists of 5 members (Chairman – Mr.Ihor Kryvosheiev). On 15 April 2021, the Mongolian-Ukrainian Parliamentary Group consisting of 6 deputies was established in the Great State Hural of Mongolia (Chairman – Mr. Jambal Ganbaatar).

The current agenda of bilateral relations includes issues of intensification of interstate, intergovernmental and interparliamentary contacts at all levels, increasing the cooperation at the non-governmental organizations level, establishing contacts between capitals and regions of the two countries.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation

The main organ that coordinates bilateral trade and economic cooperation is the Intergovernmental Ukraine-Mongolia Commission on Trade-Economic and Scientific-Technical cooperation.

Trade in goods

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine in 2020 the bilateral trade turnover amounted to $23.9 million and decreased by 12.1% compared to 2019. Exports of goods from Ukraine to Mongolia amounted to $23.5 million (-11.0%), imports of Mongolian goods to Ukraine amounted to $0.4 million (decreasing by 2 times). The positive balance for Ukraine for this period amounted to $23.1 million.

In 2020, the main exports to Mongolia were: sugar and sugar confectionery; cocoa and cocoa products; paper and cardboard; finished grain products; tobacco and its industrial substitutes; electric machines; nuclear reactors, boilers, machines; furniture; pharmaceutical products; railway locomotives. Imports from Mongolia were represented by the following group of goods: salt, sulfur and stones; clothes and knitwear.

Trade in services

In 2020, the trade in services amounted to $0.5 million and increased by 25% in comparison with 2019. Exports of services from Ukraine to Mongolia amounted to $0.4 million and increased by 33%, imports of Mongolian services to Ukraine amounted to $0.1 million (without changes). The positive balance for Ukraine for this period was $0.3 million.

In the structure of Ukrainian exports of services to Mongolia dominate transport services; repair and maintenance services not included in other categories; telecommunications services, computer and information services; business services; travel services. Imports of services from Mongolia were represented as follows: transport services; travel services; business services; royalties.

5. Scientific and educational cooperation

Ukraine-Mongolia cooperation in the fields of science and technology is regulated by the special agreements. At the same time, a number of existing agreements and arrangements need to be filled with certain content.

The Mongolian side is interested in expanding cooperation in the field of education, in particular, in increasing the quota for the education of Mongolian students and researchers in Ukrainian universities and inviting Ukrainian teachers to Mongolia.

6. Legal basis

Number of valid documents: 64

The main documents: the Treaty on friendly relations and cooperation between Ukraine and Mongolia (1992), the Joint Statement on the results of the state visit of the President of Mongolia to Ukraine (2002), the Joint Statement by the Presidents of Ukraine and Mongolia (2003), and the Joint Statement on the development of partnership relations between Ukraine and Mongolia (2011).

7. Ukrainian community

There is a small number of Ukrainian citizens in Mongolia. They have the opportunity to apply to the Honorary Consul of Ukraine in Mongolia if necessary.

On 30 October 2019 the public association «Ukrainians in Mongolia» was registered.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

Ukraine’s interests in Mongolia are represented by the Embassy of Ukraine in China (https://china.mfa.gov.ua/).

Mongolia’s interests in Ukraine are represented by the Embassy of Mongolia in Poland (Ambassador Mr. Dorj Barkhas presented Credentials to the President of Ukraine Mr. Volodymyr Zelenskyy on 11 December 2020) and the Honorary Consulate of Mongolia in Ukraine (opened in August 2019, Honorary Consul – Mr. Eduard Ruban).

THE REPUBLIC OF THE UNION OF MYANMAR 

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 19, 1999.

2. Establishment of Diplomatic Relations: January 19, 1999.

3. Political relations:

1999 – meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Myanmar in the course of the 54th session of the United Nations General Assembly (New York, USA).

2014 – meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Myanmar in the course of the 69th session of the United Nations General Assembly (New York, USA).

11-12.01.2017 - first ever in the history of bilateral relations official visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of the Union of Myanmar.

4. Trade and Economic Relations 

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in 2020 the volume of bilateral trade in goods made up 54,2 million USD. The trade balance was positive for Ukraine and amounted to 20,6 million USD.

 

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Trade turnover

13

63,2

47

41,6

57,6

54,2

Export

12,1

62

44,4

35,7

43

37,4

Import

0,9

1,2

2,6

5,9

14,6

16,8

Trade balance

+11,1

+60,8

+41,8

+29,8

+26,4

+20,6

5. Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation 

Practically absent.

6. Bilateral Legal framework  

Legal basis of the Ukrainian-Myanmar relations consists of 3 documents.

The key agreement is Protocol on Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of the Union of Myanmar (1999).

7. Ukrainian community

There are no public organizations or associations which unite Ukrainians in Myanmar. There are about 20 Ukrainian citizens who work in Myanmar.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Thailand.

NEPAL

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 03, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations:  January 15, 1993.

3. Ukraine-Nepal Bilateral Trade

In 2020, the trade turnover between Ukraine and Nepal amounted to 23.01 million US dollars, of which exports – 22.98 million dollars. (growth by 56.1%), imports – 28.9 thousand US dollars (down 71.1%). The positive balance of Ukraine's foreign trade amounted to 22.95 million US dollars.

Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

The main area of cultural and humanitarian cooperation is the studying of Nepalese youth in Ukrainian universities, as well as visits to Nepal of Ukrainian citizens for tourism and religious purposes.

4. Treaty and Legal Basis of bilateral relations

The Legal and Treaty basis of the bilateral relations between Ukraine and Nepal consists of 1 international treaty in force.

5. International treaties in force:

1. Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Nepal (15.01.1993).

6. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of India

NEW ZEALAND

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s independence: New Zealand recognized Ukraine’s independence on December 26, 1991.

2. Diplomatic relations: The diplomatic relations between two states were established on March 3, 1992.

The Embassy of New Zealand in Poland is concurrently representing New Zealand in Ukraine. In October 2008, the Honorary Consulate of New Zealand was established in Kyiv.

In January 2021, the Honorary Consulate of Ukraine led by Mr. Oleksandr Kirichuk has been established in Auckland.

3. Political relations:

Ukraine and New Zealand share common values, which rest on the respect of democracy and the rules-based order. Both countries successfully cooperate at the bilateral level and within the international organizations.

New Zealand officially condemned the violations of Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity, didn’t recognize the so-called “referendum” in the occupied Crimea on March 16th, 2014, and labelled Russia’s actions toward Ukraine as unacceptable. Following Russia’s aggression in Crimea and other parts of Ukraine, New Zealand suspended negotiations on a draft Free Trade Agreement with the Customs Union, which includes Russia. The Government of New Zealand also introduced a travel ban against “specific Russian and Ukrainian individuals involved in the crisis”.

New Zealand co-sponsored and supported United Nations General Assembly Resolutions No. A/RES/68/262 “Territorial integrity of Ukraine”, No. A/RES/73/194, A/RES/74/17, A/RES/75/29 “Problem of the militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, as well as parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov”, No. A/RES/71/205, A/RES/72/190, A/RES/73/263, A/RES/74/168, A/RES/75/192 “Situation of human rights in the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine”.

The Government of New Zealand has also repeatedly emphasized the need to conduct a full and independent investigation of the downing of the MH17 flight and to provide comprehensive support to the joint investigation team’s activities.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

New Zealand is one of the major trading partners of Ukraine in Oceania. The bilateral trade in goods in services in 2020 reached 29,5 million USD; export – 10,2 million USD; import – 19,3 million USD.

5. Legal framework:

Ukraine and New Zealand signed the Memorandum of Understanding on the recognition of seafarers’ diplomas (certificates) in accordance with the requirements of Regulation I/10 of the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978.

6. Ukrainian community:

The establishment of the Ukrainian community in New Zealand dates to 1949 when approximately 170 Ukrainian refugees arrived in New Zealand following the end of World War II. According to the 2013 census, there are 1,350 people born in Ukraine living in New Zealand; around 700 New Zealand citizens declared themselves as having Ukrainian origin.

There are two registered Ukrainian community groups in New Zealand: the Ukrainian Association of New Zealand and the Ukrainian Gromada of Wellington.

7. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Singapore

Embassy of Ukraine in Australia (for consular services)

THE ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF PAKISTAN

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 31, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: March 16, 1992

3. Political relations:

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Pakistan can be described as a dynamic process based on the traditionally high level of mutual understanding in the political-diplomatic, military-technical, trade-economic, cultural-humanitarian spheres, as well as effective cooperation within international organizations.

Political-diplomatic dialogue between Ukraine and Pakistan is has been carried out both at the highest and high levels. E.g. meetings of the Presidents of Ukraine and Pakistan on the sidelines  the UN General Assembly sessions in 1993, 1997, 2003; meetings of the Prime Ministers in the framework of the World Economic Forum in Davos in 2008; visit to Ukraine of the Foreign Minister of Pakistan in 1994; a meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs in May 2016 at the International Forum in Beijing. In November 2016, the Minister of Defence of Ukraine for the first time paid a visit to Pakistan. The foreign ministries have been holding regular political consultations, the last round took place in Kyiv in June 2016.

4. Trade and economic relations

Pakistan is an important economic partner of Ukraine in the South Asia region. In 2020, the IRP was ranked 37th among trading partners of Ukraine in the world and 7th in the Asia-Pacific region in terms of exports.

The total volume of trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Pakistan in 2020 amounted to 415,334 million USD, which is 288 percent higher than in 2019.

Indicators of trade turnover between Ukraine and Pakistan, million USD


2013

2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Export

234,095

397,824

111,023

114,289

164,433

130,831

62,977

331,096

Imports

93,541

100,721

61,324

47,648

56,693

64,123

77,703

80,717

Amount

327,635

498,545

172,347

161,937

221,126

194,954

140,680

411,814

Balance

140,554

297,104

49,700

66,641

107,741

66,708

-14,726

250,379

The Intergovernmental Agreement on the Joint Ukrainian-Pakistani Commission on Economic Cooperation was concluded on July 25, 2012.

4.1 Military-technical cooperation

For the time being, the most significant area of Ukrainian-Pakistani engagement is military-technical cooperation, which has lasted since 1996, as about 150 contracts for more than 1 billion USD have been signed and implemented.

Among the main contracts are:

• supply of 320 main battle tanks (MBT) T-80UD;

• supply of 286 engine and transmission unit for MBT Al-Khalid;

• supply of 110 engine and transmission unit for MBT Al Khalid-1;

• pilot overhaul of 5 MBT T-80UD;

• supply of 4 IL-78 refuelling aircrafts;

• overhaul of 2 Mi-171 helicopters;

• repair of the PAF IL-78 refuelling aircraft.

In February 2021, an 85.6 million USD contract between SC Ukroboronprom and the Pakistan Army for the repair of T-80UD tanks was signed.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

On June 27, 2012, the Association of Ukrainian Universities Alumni in Pakistan was established. Hundreds of Pakistanis have been educated in Ukraine, including the National Aviation University, V. N. Karazin, Kharkiv National University, the Ukrainian Academy of Arts, the National Technical University of Ukraine, Vinnitsa National Medical University, Crimea State Medical University, Kharkiv National Medical University, Uzhhorod National University etc.

Within the framework of cooperation with the Muslim Institute, contacts of Pakistani scholars with well-known Ukrainian scholars of Islam - O. Yarosh and M. Yakubovych - have been established. A joint research project dedicated to the legacy of the famous poet and philosopher Sultan Bach has been launched.

Links between secondary schools in Ukraine and Pakistan - Kyiv Gymnasium of Oriental Languages №1 and Roots School International (Islamabad) have been established.

Cooperation between leading higher education and research institutions of Ukraine and Pakistan is developing. The Institute of International Relations of the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv and the School of Political and International Studies of the Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad have signed a Memorandum of Cooperation and are implementing joint research projects.

The Institute of Space Technology in Islamabad has established direct contacts with the National Aerospace University – "Kharkiv Aviation Institute", the National Aviation University and the National Technical University of Ukraine "Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute".

On January 25, 2021, with the assistance of the Embassy of Ukraine in Pakistan, a webinar "Herald of Multiculturalism in Ukraine: to the 150th anniversary of Ahatanhel Krymsky " was held, co-organized by the A. Krymsky Institute of Oriental Studies of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Muslim Institute of Pakistan.

On February 25, 2021, the Embassy of Ukraine in Pakistan in cooperation with the Academy of Literature of Pakistan held a literary evening on the 150th anniversary of the birth of Lesya Ukrainka.

6. Legal framework

The legal framework of Ukrainian-Pakistani relations consists of ten documents, including 1 interstate, 6 intergovernmental, 3 interagency agreements.

Key documents:

1. Memorandum of Cooperation between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in the field of defence (November 2, 2006);

2. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on trade and economic cooperation (January 31, 2011);

3. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan on the establishment of the Joint Ukrainian-Pakistani Commission on Economic Cooperation (July 25, 2012).

7. Ukrainian community (diaspora)

The Ukrainian community as an organizational and legal unit does not exists.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

Embassy of Ukraine in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan

THE REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: January 22, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 77, 1992.

3. Political relations:

Ukraine and the Republic of the Philippines enjoy good relations bilaterally, as well as in the framework of international organizations, including the UN.

Milestones: 

September 1995 – Meeting of the President of Ukraine with the President of the Republic of the Philippines during the 50th  session of the UN General Assembly;

April 1997 – Negotiations held between Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Secretary for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Philippines within the framework of the Conference of the Member States of the Non-Aligned Movement;

September 1997 – Meeting of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with Secretary  for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Philippines during the 52nd  session of the UN General Assembly;

12-14 September 2002 – official visit of President of the Senate of the Republic of the Philippines to Ukraine;

11-14 July 2003 – official visit of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of the Philippines;

23-25 June 2005 – official visit of the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the Republic of the Philippines to Ukraine.

Guided by the desire to strengthen and expand bilateral cooperation, in April 2021 Ukraine has decided to establish the Embassy in the Republic of the Philippines.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation

Ukraine remains one of the Philippines' key trading partners among the European countries.

In 2020, Ukraine ranked 33rd among the world's countries in terms of export to the Philippines. Despite a slight decrease in trade caused by the general slowdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic, Ukraine became the biggest exporter to the Philippines within the Central and Eastern Europe countries.

The total trade turnover between the countries in 2020 slightly decreased (by 11%) compared to the last year and amounted to USD 218.93 million (↓11%), with the Ukrainian exports USD 169.89 million (↓18%) and imports from the Philippines: USD 49.04 million (↓7%). Positive trade balance: USD 120.85 million.

At the same time, Ukraine continues to hold leading positions in the main items of exports to the Philippines. Thus, in 2020 it ranks 4th in terms of export of wheat, 2nd -sunflower oil (21.1% of the market share), 1st – tobacco products (60.4% of the market share) and softwood timber (21.3% of the market share).

Trade in services in 2020 amounted at USD 1.03 million, while exports of services to the Philippines increased by 225% to USD 846.0 thousand. The basis of trade in services are: services in the field of telecommunications, computer and information services; transport services; business services; travel services.

5. Bilateral Agreements

Seven international treaties have been concluded since the diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of the Philippines had been established.

07.04.1992 - Exchange of Notes between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Department of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Philippines on the establishment of diplomatic relations

17.05.1995 - Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine and the Marine training Council of the Republic of the Philippines on the recognition of diplomas (certificates) Ukrainian seafarers in accordance with the requirements of Regulation I/10 of the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping for Seafarers, 1978 (with amendments of 1995)

14.04.1997 - Memorandum on cooperation between Ukraine and the House of Representatives of the Congress of the Republic of the Philippines

14.07.2003 - Protocol on Political Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Philippines

12.03.2008 - Memorandum of Understanding between the State Committee for Financial Monitoring of Ukraine and the Council of AML, Financial Intelligence Unit of the Philippine in the exchange of financial information related to the legalization of proceeds from crime and the financing of terrorism

27.11.2010 - Agreement between the Council of Ministers of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the Government of Cebu Province on establishing of interregional cooperation

06.12.2010 - Memorandum of Understanding on cooperation between the Diplomatic Academy of Ukraine and Foreign Service Institute of the Republic of the Philippines

6. Ukrainian community:

As of 2020, around 200 Ukrainians are residing in the Republic of the Philippines.

7. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

Embassy of Ukraine in Malaysia

Consulates:

Dr. Beatrice Jane L. Ang, Honorary Consul of Ukraine in the Republic of the Philippines

Contacts: phone: +632 8726 0355, E-mail: ukrainemanila@yahoo.com, Address: Suite 607, CLMC Building, 259 EDSA Greenhills, Mandaluyong City, 1554, Metro Manila

Mr. Valeriy Kovalenko, Consul General, a.h., Philippine Honorary Consulate General in Kyiv, Ukraine

Contacts: phone: +38 067 508 8464, + 38 067 932 25 88, Email: phconsulate.in.ukraine@gmail.com, Address: 19 A Michurina Street, Kyiv, Ukraine, 01014

THE REPUBLIC OF SINGAPORE

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s independence: The Republic of Singapore recognized Ukraine’s independence on January 2, 1992.

2. Diplomatic relations: Diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Singapore were established on March 31, 1992.

In November 2020, H.E. Mdm Kateryna Zelenko was appointed the Ambassador of Ukraine to Singapore.

In April 2012, H.E. Mr. Simon Tensing de Cruz was appointed the non-resident Ambassador of Singapore to Ukraine (with residence in Singapore).

3. Political relations:

Ukraine and Singapore maintain active and friendly political dialogue.

In recent years, the visits of the President of Ukraine, ministers of foreign affairs, interior and justice, top officials of the National Banks of Ukraine and the anti-corruption agencies have taken place. Following the establishment of the group on inter-parliamentary relations with Singapore in the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine, there is an ongoing development of inter-parliamentary cooperation.

Relations between Ukraine and Singapore rest on the shared vision of the international rules-based order and commitment to address global challenges, trade and economic cooperation, successful collaboration on the bilateral level and within the international organizations.

Ukraine is grateful to Singapore for its unwavering support of Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty, which was expressed both within the international organizations and in the public statements of the Singaporean officials. In 2014, Prime Minister of Singapore Lee Hsien Loong condemned an “unprovoked invasion of a sovereign country” and called upon observing the international law. In 2014, then-Minister for Foreign Affairs of Singapore K Shanmugam and later his successor Minister Vivian Balakrishnan in 2017 both made statements in support of Ukraine. Singapore supported United Nations General Assembly Resolutions No. A/RES/68/262 “Territorial integrity of Ukraine”, No. A/RES/73/194, A/RES/74/17 and A/RES/75/29 “Problem of the militarization of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and the city of Sevastopol, Ukraine, as well as parts of the Black Sea and the Sea of Azov”.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

Economic cooperation is a primary sphere of bilateral relations. Despite the geographical distance, the bilateral trade expanded significantly from 56 million USD in 2015 to over 232 million USD in 2020. According to the Ukrainian statistics, the Ukrainian export to Singapore in 2020 reached 171,4 million USD, import – 60,8 million USD (positive balance – 110,6 million USD). The Singaporean investments in Ukraine are estimated at 279,1 million USD.

We are witnessing the growing diversification of the bilateral trade with Ukrainian food and agriculture products. The potential capacity of Singapore’s food market for the Ukrainian producers is estimated at 500 million USD per year. Singapore is also an important springboard to access the ASEAN market with 630 million consumers.

Ukraine has the potential to fully satisfy Singapore’s demand in honey, legumes, chestnuts, grains (wheat and corn), cereals, seeds (sunflower, soybeans), oil (sunflower, soybean, rapeseed), margarine, sugar (cane and beet sugar), tomatoes, yeast; to significantly contribute to diversification and supply of cheese, poultry, chicken eggs, cucumbers, starch, confectionery, juices (fruit and vegetable), ice cream, bottled water, beer, tobacco products.

Ukraine regards Singapore as the key partner in South-East Asia and invites Singaporean companies to explore investment projects in Ukraine’s agriculture, IT, logistics, energy, and other industries.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Ukraine is becoming more and more known in Singapore owing to a variety of cultural and humanitarian events. The Singaporeans became more acquainted with the history and traditions of Ukraine during the events dedicated to the Ukrainian culture, motion picture industry, cuisine. There are more and more Singaporeans who have discovered touristic Ukraine.

6. Legal framework:

As of April 2021, there are 16 bilateral agreements and memorandums between Ukraine and Singapore.

7. Ukrainian community:

There are around 450 Ukrainians currently living in Singapore. In 2014, the Ukrainian Club in Singapore was created (officially registered in June 2015). Today, it unites dozens of Ukrainians leaving in the city-state.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Singapore

THE DEMOCRATIC SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF SRI LANKA

1. Recognition of Ukraine: February 12, 1993.

2. Establishment of the Diplomatic Relations:  February 12, 1993

3. Political cooperation:

Contacts at the highest level:

June 29 - July 3, 2010 - official visit of the President of Sri Lanka M. Rajapaksa to Ukraine. A number of intergovernmental agreements were signed.

Other high-level bilateral contacts:

November 2004, Deputy Minister of Economy and European Integration of Ukraine Valeriy T. Pyatnytsky visited Sri Lanka.

September 12-13, 2007, Minister of Export Development and International Trade of Sri Lanka G.L. Peiris visited Ukraine.

Political consultations:

June 19, 2008, the first Ukrainian-Sri Lankan political consultations at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers took place in Kyiv.

Recent bilateral contacts:

- April 4-8, 2016 - visit to Ukraine of the Prosecutor General of Sri Lanka D. Jayasuri;

- June 24-25, 2016 - visit to Ukraine the Sri Lankan delegation headed by the Minister for Foreign Affairs M. Samaravira. Negotiations were held with the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine P. Klimkin and Deputy Prosecutor General of Ukraine Ye. Yenin;

- February 28, 2017 - meeting of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine P. Klimkin with the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka M. Samaravira within the framework of the 34th session of the UN Human Rights Council (Geneva);

- May 18, 2017 - meeting of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine A. Parubiy with the Speaker of the Parliament of Sri Lanka K. Jayasuri within the framework of in the Global Conference of Openness of Legislative Authorities (May 18-20, 2017, Kyiv);

- July 19-20, 2018 - working visit to Colombo of the Parliamentary Delegation of Ukraine headed by the Head of the Parliamentary Group of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine for Interparliamentary Relations with the Sri Lanka O. Bilozir, during which meetings were held with the Speaker of Parliament K. Jayasuri and Prime Minister R. Vikremesinghe;

- September 26-30, 2018 - visit of the delegation of the Sri Lanka Parliamentary friendship group with Ukraine headed by MP A. Marasinghe to Kyiv. Negotiations were held with the Speaker of the Verkhovna Rada A. Parubiy, Deputy Ministers of Energy and Coal Industry, Culture, Youth and Sports, Education and Science, as well as the First Deputy Minister of Defense of Ukraine;

- September 26, 2019 - Meeting of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine V. Pristaiko with the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka R. Aryasinha during the 74th session of the UN General Assembly (New York).

4. Legal Basis of bilateral relations

The Legal and Treaty basis of the bilateral relations between Ukraine and Sri Lanka consists of 12 international treaties in force. 10 of them are intergovernmental and 2 interministerial.

The parties are considering drafts of another 10 bilateral agreements. 8 of them are under consideration by the Sri Lankan side, 2 are under consideration by the Ukrainian side.

The parties have also already initialled drafts of two bilateral documents: the Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Sri Lanka on the establishment of the Joint Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Sri Lankan Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation and the Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Sri Lanka on Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Tax Evasion.

In 2019, during the meeting of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine V. Pristaiko with the Minister of State for Foreign Affairs of Sri Lanka R. Aryasinha during the 74th UN General Assembly on September 26, 2019 in New York, was signed an Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Democratic Socialist the Republic of Sri Lanka on Exemption from Visas for Citizens Who Use Diplomatic, Service or Official Passports.

5. Ukraine-Sri Lanka Bilateral Trade

During the last years, trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and Sri Lanka has been characterized by steady growth in Ukrainian exports. The largest volume of trade was recorded in 2019 (USD 100.5 million).

In 2020, the volume of bilateral trade amounted to USD 72.3 million (decrease of 28.1%). At the same time, exports amounted to USD 35.6 million (decrease of 42.9% due to the complete cessation of supplies of metallurgy production), Sri Lankan imports – USD 36.7 million (decrease of 3.7%). For the first time in many years, the trade balance was negative for Ukraine (USD 1.1 million).

The main positions of Ukrainian exports to Sri Lanka in 2020 were: cereals (60.9% of total exports), vegetable products (22.5%) and fats and oils (4.5%) etc.

Sri Lankan imports to Ukraine were dominated by coffee and tea (61.5% of total imports), knitted clothing and accessories (10.9%) and textiles (7.9 %).

 

Dynamic of the Development of Trade between Ukraine and Sri Lanka

(million USD)


2018

2019

2020

Total Turnover

80,6

100,5

72,3

Export

40,8

62,4

35,6

Import

39,8

38,1

36,7

Balance of Turnover

1,0

24,3

- 1,1


6. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

One of the priorities of cultural and humanitarian cooperation with Sri Lanka is the finalizing the draft of Memorandum of Cooperation in the Field of Education and Science.

An important area of cooperation is the education of Sri Lankan students in universities and educational institutions of Ukraine.

7. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

 Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of India

THE KINGDOM OF THAILAND

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 26, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: May 6, 1992.

3. Political relations:

The only visit at the highest level in the history since the establishment of diplomatic relations was held in 2004, as the President of Ukraine H.E. Mr. L.Kuchma paid an official visit to the Kingdom of Thailand on March 9-11, 2004. It should be noted that the King of Thailand His Majesty Maha Vajiralongkorn Phra Vajiraklaochaoyuhua in the capacity of Crown Prince of Thailand visited Ukraine in 1989.

2009 – first round of political consultations between the MFA of Ukraine and the MFA of Thailand at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers (Kyiv, Ukraine).

2011 – meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Thailand in the course of the 66th session of the United Nations General Assembly (New York, USA).

28.04.2016 - meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Thailand within the framework of the Fifth Ministerial Meeting of Conference on Interaction and Confidence-Building Measures in Asia (Beijing, China).

05.06.2017 – first ever official visit of Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Thailand (Bangkok, Thailand).

05.07.2019 – second round of political between the MFA of Ukraine and the MFA of Thailand at the level of Directors General (Kyiv, Ukraine).

4. Trade and Economic Relations 

Joint Trade Commission between the Government of Ukraine and the Royal Government of Thailand, aimed at promotion of bilateral economic relations, has been established in accordance with provisions of the bilateral Trade Agreement between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Thailand, signed in 2017.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in 2020 the volume of bilateral trade in goods made up 367 million USD. The trade balance was negative for Ukraine and amounted to 26 million USD.


2014

2015

2016

2017

2018

2019

2020

Trade turnover

329,1

481

608,9

466,9

456,7

572

367

Export

160

353

432,1

265,2

248,1

344,2

170,5

Import

169,2

128

176,8

201,7

208,6

228

196,5

Trade balance

- 9,2

+225

+255,3

+63,5

+39,5

+116,2

-26







4.1. Science and Technology Cooperation 

In 2008 the first Earth observation satellite of Thailand “THEOS” was successfully launched by Ukrainian “Dnipro” rocket to the Earth orbit.

5. Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation 

Ukrainian cultural and arts events have been regularly held in Thailand. Participating Ukrainian artists promote positive image of Ukraine. In the recent years exhibitions of paintings of the world-renowned Ukrainian artists such as Ivan Marchuk, Maria Prymachenko and others were organized in the country.

Ukrainian fashion designers have been traditionally participating in annual international high-level event aimed at promotion of the Thai silk - “Thai Silk International Fashion Week”, organized with support of the Thai Government and under the auspices of the Thai Royal Family.

6. Bilateral Legal framework  

Legal basis of the Ukrainian-Thai relations consists of 19 documents.

Key Agreements:

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on establishment of Joint Intergovernmental Commission on Bilateral Cooperation (2002);

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand on Cooperation in Defense (2012);

Trade Agreement between the Government of the Kingdom of Thailand and the Government of Ukraine (2017).

7. Ukrainian community

There are no public organizations or associations which unite Ukrainians in Thailand. There are about 800 Ukrainian citizens who work in Thailand.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Thailand

REPUBLIC OF TAJIKISTAN

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 25, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 24, 1992

3. Political relations:

- July 2001 - official visit of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan E. Rahmon to Ukraine;

- April 2003 - working visit of the President of Ukraine to Tajikistan;

- March 2008-official visit of the President of Ukraine to Tajikistan;

- December 2008 - state visit of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan E. Rakhmon to Ukraine (Kyiv and Kharkiv);

- May 2010-meeting of the Presidents of Ukraine and Tajikistan on the sidelines of the informal summit of the CIS member states on the occasion of the 65th anniversary of the victory (Moscow);

- July 2010-meeting of the Presidents of Ukraine and Tajikistan within the framework of the EurAsEC summit and events on the occasion of the 10th anniversary of the capital of Kazakhstan (Astana);

- September 2010-meeting of the Presidents of Ukraine and Tajikistan on the sidelines of the 65th session of the UN General Assembly (New York);

- December 2010-meeting of the Presidents of Ukraine and Tajikistan within the framework of the OSCE Summit (Astana);

- April 2011-meeting of the Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Tajikistan within the framework of the regular meeting of the CIS Council of ministers (Kiev);

- September 2011-meeting of the Presidents of Ukraine and Tajikistan within the framework of the CIS Anniversary Summit (Dushanbe);

- December 2011 - official visit of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan E. Rahmon to Ukraine;

- July 2012 - working visit of President of the Republic of Tajikistan E. Rahmon to Ukraine;

- October 2013-working visit of the OSCE Chairman-in-Office, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Tajikistan;

- February 2020-political consultations between the Foreign Ministries of the two countries at the level of Heads of territorial structural divisions of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Tajikistan;

- April 2020-telephone conversation between the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmytro I. Kuleba and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Tajikistan Sirojiddin Mukhriddin;

- March 2020 - 5th meeting of the Joint Ukrainian-Tajik Commission on economic cooperation (Kyiv).


4. Trade and economic relations:

Analysis of the foreign trade balance for 2014-2020 shows that during this period there was a significant decrease in trade turnover between our states, primarily due to the aggression of the Russian Federation against Ukraine. In particular, in 2014, Ukrainian exports to the Republic of Tajikistan amounted to 49.9 million US dollars. I n 2020 - only 24.1 million US dollars. At the same time, there have been some positive trends in recent years.

Trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan in 2020 developed in the context of crisis phenomena caused by the coronavirus pandemic, which significantly complicated cooperation in all areas, especially in the economic one.

Ukraine's exports to Tajikistan in 2020 amounted to 24.113 million US dollars. This represents 87% compared to 2019.

The largest share in exports to the Republic of Tajikistan was made up of the commodity groups "sugar and confectionery products made from it", the share of which reaches 30%.

An important event was the holding of the 5th meeting of the Joint Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Tajik Commission on economic cooperation in Kyiv in March 2020, following which a Protocol was concluded and an Action Plan was developed, the implementation of which is an indicator of economic cooperation between the two countries. The next meeting is scheduled to take place in the capital of Tajikistan.


5. Scientific and technical cooperation:

Cooperation in the field of education is key in this area. Ukraine allocates 20 state scholarships for training Tajik citizens.

Currently, about 140 Tajik students study in Ukraine.

2020 was marked by bringing cooperation with Tajikistan in the field of education and science to a qualitatively new level. During March 29-April 2, a delegation of Ukrainian educators headed by the Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine Serhiy M. Shkarlet visited Dushanbe. More than 40 universities were presented, whose representatives signed more than 130 documents on cooperation with Tajik universities.

A draft Agreement on mutual recognition of academic degrees and academic titles is being worked out.


6. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Despite its geographical remoteness, cultural and humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan is developing quite actively.

The Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Tajikistan regularly hosts cultural events designed to honor memorable dates and outstanding figures of Ukrainian history.

In particular, on February 25, 2021, the National Library of the Republic of Tajikistan hosted an event dedicated to the 150th anniversary of Lesya Ukrainka. In 2020, the National Library of the Republic of Tajikistan opened a permanent exhibition of Ukrainian books.

An important milestone in cultural and humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan was the organization of the days of Ukrainian cinema in Tajikistan in the spring of 2019.


7. Legal framework:

Total number of bilateral documents: 81.

The Treaty of friendship and cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan of 06.07.2001 is fundamental for the development of bilateral Ukrainian - Tajik relations.

A number of other Ukrainian-Tajik Interstate, intergovernmental, and interdepartmental agreements define priorities for the development of bilateral cooperation between the two countries. The most important ones are:

- Agreement between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan on simplification of the procedure for changing citizenship by citizens of Ukraine permanently residing in the Republic of Tajikistan and citizens of the Republic of Tajikistan permanently residing in Ukraine dated 06.07.2001;

- Agreement between Ukraine and the Republic of Tajikistan on the avoidance of double taxation from income and capital taxes dated 07.09.2012;

- Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the government of the Republic of Tajikistan on basic principles and directions of Economic Cooperation dated 06.07.2001;

- Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the government of the Republic of Tatarstan on free trade dated 06.07.2001;

- Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the government of the Republic of Tajikistan on promotion and mutual protection of investments dated 06.07.2001 and other industry-specific agreements.


8. Ukrainian community (Diaspora)

At the time of the opening of the diplomatic Mission of Ukraine in the Republic of Tajikistan, the total number of citizens of Ukrainian origin numbered about 1 thousand people, a significant part of whom lived in the Sughd region, where there was no civil war. Over time, ethnic Ukrainians mostly assimilated. Until 2010, a Ukrainian Cultural Center operated in Chkalov (now Buston, Sughd region), which actually ceased its activities due to the departure of its head.

Currently, only diplomats and their family members are registered at the Embassy's consular register. Most of the Ukrainians who were in Tajikistan were evacuated in 2020 due to the coronavirus epidemic.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Tajikistan.

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF TIMOR-LESTE

1. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 27th September 2003.

2. Political Cooperation

Since 2005 the bilateral relations with the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste have been placed under the jurisdiction of the Embassy of Ukraine in Malaysia.

H.E. Mr. Olexander Nechytaylo is the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.

As a non-permanent member of UN Security Council in 2000-2001, Ukraine made a significant contribution to the support of movement for the Independence of Timor-Leste, setting the peace and the establishment of the UN presence in the country through UNTAET, UNMISET, UNOTIL and UNMIT. Until the end of mandate in December 2012, 12 representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine were part of the UN Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste (UNMIT). The presence of Ukrainian personnel in the UN missions was a significant factor for the development and strengthening of the bilateral relations between the two countries.

3. Trade and Economic Cooperation

Trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste remains limited.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine in 2020 total trade between Ukraine and Timor-Leste valued USD 2.88 thousand, and mainly consisted of imports to Ukraine of exotic birds.

4. Bilateral Agreements

As of 2020 the two countries signed only one international agreement – Joint  Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.

5. Ukrainian community:

As of 2020 there are no Ukrainian citizens residing in the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste.

6. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in Malaysia

TURKMENISTAN

1. Diplomatic recognition of Ukraine: 20 December 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 10 October 1992

3. Political relations:

September 2009 – official visit of the President of Ukraine to Turkmenistan.

September 2011 – official visit of the President of Ukraine to Turkmenistan.

March 2012 – state visit of the President of Turkmenistan to Ukraine.

February 2013 – state visit of the President of Ukraine to Turkmenistan.

October 2015 – official visit of the President of Ukraine to Turkmenistan.

6-7 June 2014 – working visit of Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R.Meredow to participate in the inaugural ceremony of the president-elect of Ukraine.

22 September 2014 – meeting of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine P.Klimkin and Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R.Meredow at the 69th session of the UN General Assembly in New York.

3 November 2014 – working visit of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine P.Klimkin to Turkmenistan.

26 March 2015 – working visit of Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R.Meredow to Ukraine.

26-27 May 2015 – working visit of Deputy Prime Minister – Minister for Regional Development, Construction and Public Housing and Utilities H.Zubko to Turkmenistan to participate in the 4th session of the Joint Interparliamentary Commission.

28-29 October 2015– official visit of the President of Ukraine to Turkmenistan

11-12 December 2015 – visit of Deputy Prime Minister – Minister for Regional Development, Construction and Public Housing and Utilities H.Zubko to Turkmenistan to participate in the celebration of the Turkmenistan’s Permanent Neutrality 20th Anniversary.

22-23 December 2015 – visit of Minister of Energy and Coal Industry of Ukraine V.Demchyshyn to participate in the official opening ceremony of the East-West gas pipeline in Turkmenbashi.

22 September 2016– meeting of Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine P.Klimkin and Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R.Meredow at the 71st session of the UN General Assembly in New York.

25-27 November – visit of Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine V.Omelyan to Turkmenistan to participate in the 1st UN Global Sustainable Transport Conference.

29 June 2017 – visit of Deputy Prime Minister – Minister for Regional Development, Construction and Public Housing and Utilities H.Zubko to Turkmenistan to participate in the celebration of the birthday of the President of Turkmenistan.

1-2 May 2018 – visit of State Secretary of the Ministry of Infrastructure of Ukraine A.Halushchak to participate in the official opening ceremony of the Turkmenbashi International Seaport and International High-Level Conference on Transportation.

26-27 September 2019 – official visit of Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Foreign Policy and Inter-Parliamentary Cooperation B.Yaremenko to participate in the celebration of the 28th Anniversary of Turkmenistan’s Independence. The meeting with Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R.Meredow and Chairman of Mejlis G.Mammedowa was held.

2 April 2020 – the phone call between Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine D.Kuleba and Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R.Meredow.

15 April 2020 – for the purpose of development of the agreements resulting from the phone call between the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Turkmenistan the political consultations via video conference between Deputy Ministers for Foreign Affairs V.Bodnar and B.Matiyev were held.

1 June 2020 – the phone call between Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine D.Kuleba and Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R.Meredow.

18 September, 2020 – the video conference between Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine D.Kuleba and Deputy Chairman of the Cabinet of Ministers, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan R.Meredow, signing of the Program of cooperation between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan for 2020-2021.

 

4. Trade and Economy Cooperation:

Joint Interparliamentary Commission on Economic, Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation is established.

The Chairman of the Ukrainian Party of the Commission acts as the Minister of Energy and Environmental Protection of Ukraine ex officio. The previous Chairmen of the Ukrainian Party of the Commission were Deputy Prime Minister – Minister for Regional Development, Construction and Public Housing and Utilities H.Zubko, Minister of Energy and Environmental Protection O.Orzhel. Following the ministerial changes and reorganization a newly appointed Minister of Energy of Ukraine will act as the Chairman of the Ukrainian Party of the Commission ex officio.

Chairman of the State Concern “Turkmengas” M.Archaev was acting as the Chairman of the Turkmen Party of the Commission, but following his removal from office B.Amanow was appointed to the position.

The first session of the Commission was held in Kyiv on 10 October 2003, the second session – in Ashgabat on 31 March – 1 April 2011, the third – in Kyiv on 4-6 September 2012. The extraordinary session of the Commission took place in Ashgabat on 29-30 January 2013. The fourth session was held in Ashgabat on 26-27 May 2015.

In 2020 the total external trade in commodities and services value was about $99M; the export from Ukraine of commodities was $56.019M and of services was $8.768M; the import to Ukraine of commodities was $29.512M and of services was $4.65M.

The investment amount to the economy of Ukraine from Turkmenistan as on 31 December 2020 equaled $0.1M and was invested in distributive trade, auto and moto repairs. Such a low level of the Turkmen investments to the Ukrainian economy is due to the complexity of the permit procedure for Turkmen entrepreneurs to invest in foreign projects as well as the low investment potential and foreign exchange resources of the Turkmen business community.

 

5. Cultural and Humanitarian Cooperation: currently absent.

 

6. Legal and Contractual Framework: 

Legal and Contractual Framework consists of 132 documents.

Core documents: the Treaty on Friendship and Cooperation (1994); the Free Trade Agreement (1996); the Agreement on Encouragement and Reciprocal Protection of Investment (1999); the Cooperation Program between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan for 2020-2021.

 

7. Ukrainian Diaspora

The Turkmen legislature of prohibits association on the national basis (Article 44 of the Constitution of Turkmenistan).

As of 23 April 2021, 131 citizens of Ukraine are registered with the consular department of the Embassy, 72 citizens of Ukraine are temporarily registered with the consular department of the Embassy. The State Migration Service of Turkmenistan reports 50 Ukrainian citizens to stay illegally within the territory of Turkmenistan.

8.  Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

The Embassy of Ukraine in Turkmenistan

THE REPUBLIC OF UZBEKISTAN

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 4, 1992

2. Establishing of diplomatic relations: August 25, 1992

3. Political relations:

- 4 visits of the President of Ukraine to Uzbekistan (the last one was in 2003) and 6 visits of the President of Uzbekistan to Ukraine (the last official visit was in 1999);

- 6 visits of the Prime Minister of Ukraine to Uzbekistan (the last one in 2007) and 4 visits of the Prime Minister of Uzbekistan to Ukraine (the last one in 2007).

- 4 visits of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Uzbekistan. The last visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, OSCE Chairman-in-Office L. Kozhara to the Republic of Uzbekistan took place on October 10-13, 2013

- 2 visits of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Uzbekistan to Ukraine. The last one was in 2010 to participate in the inauguration ceremony of the President of Ukraine.

- On June 10, 2020, a joint decision of the two chambers of the Oliy Majlis established the Uzbekistan-Ukraine interparliamentary cooperation group.

- On March 15, 2021, a decision was made to establish a friendship group with the Republic of Uzbekistan in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.

4. Trade and economic relations.

The total volume of trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Republic of Uzbekistan in 2020 amounted to 449.6 million dollars, which is 130% more than in 2019 (345 million US dollars).

During 2020, trade in goods amounted to 432.4 million US dollars.

According to the National Bank of Ukraine as of 01.01.2020, the total amount of direct investments from the Republic of Uzbekistan to Ukraine amounted to 833.5 thousand US dollars.

As of January 1, 2020, investments from Ukraine to the Republic of Uzbekistan amounted to 913.1 thousand dollars.

6. Joint Ukrainian-Uzbek Commission for Comprehensive Cooperation (hereinafter - the Commission)

The Commission was established in accordance with the Protocol on the Establishment of the Joint Ukrainian-Uzbek Commission for Comprehensive Cooperation, signed by the Presidents of Ukraine and Uzbekistan (March 28, 1997) and the Regulations on the Commission (April 28, 1997).

The last Seventh Meeting of the Commission took place on February 19, 2007, in Kyiv under the chairmanship of the Prime Ministers of Ukraine and Uzbekistan. The COVID-19 pandemic made it impossible to hold the Eighth Commission Meeting in April 2020.

On February 26, 2021 a Memorandum on the establishment of the Ukrainian-Uzbek Business Council was signed on the basis of the CCI of Ukraine and Republic of Uzbekistan. The Ukrainian part of the Business Council was headed by Oleh Revchuk, Chairman of the Supervisory Board and the founder of Zaporizhzhya Mechanical Plant LLC, and the Uzbek part was headed by Zafar Khashimov, the owner of the Uzbek retail chain Korzinka.

6. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

The development of humanitarian cooperation remains one of the important areas of bilateral relations between Ukraine and Republic of Uzbekistan.

One of the promising areas of Ukrainian-Uzbek cooperation in the humanitarian sphere is education.

Recently, there has been a growing interest of Uzbek citizens in obtaining education in higher educational institutions of Ukraine. Technical and medical educational institutions are the most popular among Uzbek entrants. Special mention should be made of the training of aviation specialists in Ukraine for the needs of the aviation industry of Uzbekistan.

The work on establishing cooperation with foreign Ukrainians, who are involved in the activities of the Ukrainian cultural center and take an active part in the cultural and artistic events of the embassy, was intensified. The number of citizens wishing to obtain the status of a foreign Ukrainian has significantly increased.

Cooperation between higher education institutions of Ukraine and Uzbekistan is expanding. A Memorandum was signed between the Diplomatic Academy under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the University of World Economy and Diplomacy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan. Also, the Union of Students of Uzbekistan in Ukraine functions. The union unites citizens of Uzbekistan who have obtained or are receiving higher education in Ukraine.

7. Legal framework

The legal framework consists of 149 concluded legal documents, of which 57 - interstate and intergovernmental agreements, 28 – inter-agency ones; documents that have not entered into force - 4; terminated - 28; do not have the status of international agreements - 32. In the consular sphere 5 bilateral agreements are concluded.

8. Ukrainian community (diaspora)

According to the State Statistics Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan, about 70,000 ethnic Ukrainians live in Uzbekistan. The composition of the Ukrainian community in Uzbekistan is quite diverse and includes politicians, public figures, entrepreneurs, scientists, and artists. Most of them are people of retirement age.

6 Ukrainian cultural centers are officially registered in the Republic of Uzbekistan:

1. Republican Ukrainian Cultural Center "Slavutych" was established in 2001 in Tashkent. United and coordinates the activities of all Ukrainian cultural centers of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

2. Tashkent regional branch of RUKC "Slavutych". Established in 2002.

3. Yangiyul City Ukrainian Cultural Center "Nadiya". Established in 1999.

4. Almalyk city branch of RUKC "Slavutych". Established in 2003.

5. Nukusk city branch of RUKC "Slavutych". Established in 2005.

6. Navoi regional branch "Dream" of RUKC "Slavutych". Established in 2005.

According to the statutes of Ukrainian cultural centers, the main areas of work are the implementation of cultural and educational activities for the preservation and development of Ukrainian culture, language, traditions, rituals, development, and strengthening of interethnic ties.

Crimean Tatars in Uzbekistan

According to the State Statistics Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan (last census in 2007), about 40,000 Crimean Tatars live in Uzbekistan.

The Crimean Tatar diaspora of Uzbekistan holds cultural and educational events dedicated to the life and work of Crimean Tatar cultural figures of Uzbekistan: writers Shamil Aliadin, Chekez-Ali, Nuzet Umerov, Kurtnesirov, sculptor Aider Aliyev, tapestry artist Mustafa Churlu, composers Yaga Sherfetdinov, Edem Nalbantov, Ilyas Bakhshish.

The Crimean Tatar Diaspora of Uzbekistan organizes celebrations of such national holidays as Navruz, Khidirlez, Derviza Bayram, Yil Gejesi, Oraza Bayram, and Kurban Bayram.

In honor of the victims of the deportation of Crimean Tatars, the Crimean Tatar diaspora of Uzbekistan annually organizes the laying of flowers at the Shahidlar Hotirasi Memorial Complex (in memory of the victims of repressions) on May 18. Employees of the Embassy of Ukraine and the Ukrainian Diaspora of Uzbekistan join the ceremony every year.

Representatives of the Crimean Tatar Diaspora of Uzbekistan take part in events organized by the Embassy of Ukraine, in particular, such as the celebration of the Independence Day of Ukraine, Constitution Day of Ukraine, Flag Day of the Crimean Tatar people, Day of Unity of Ukraine, etc.

9.  Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in Republic of Uzbekistan

THE SOCIALIST REPUBLIC OF VIETNAM

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 27 December 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 23 January 1992.

3. Political relations:

Ukraine and Vietnam have historically been linked by traditionally friendly relations. The Embassy of Vietnam began its activities in Ukraine in 1993, and in 1997 the Embassy of Ukraine in Hanoi started its work. In 1996, the Agreement on the Principles of Relations and Cooperation was concluded between the two countries.

The dynamics of political relations is moderate. In the course of high-level and top-level bilateral contacts, Ukraine and Vietnam consistently state the absence of fundamental political differences and the willingness to develop relations of friendship and mutually beneficial partnership.

Bilateral commissions meetings and political consultations at the level of Deputy Foreign Ministers are held regularly.

In 2011, Ukraine and Vietnam established relations of comprehensive partnership and cooperation. The two countries exchange support for candidates in elective bodies of international organizations.

Ukrainian delegations of the highest level visited Vietnam in 2010 - Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine, in 1996 and 2011 - President of Ukraine, in 2012 - Prime Minister of Ukraine. The Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine visited Vietnam in 2012 and 2017.

In 2000, the President of Vietnam visited Ukraine. The Prime Minister of Vietnam paid visits to Ukraine in 1994 and 2011.

4. Trade and economic affairs

Since 1994, the Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Vietnamese Commission on Trade, Economic and Scientific-Technical Cooperation (IUVC) has been serving as platform for determining the directions for development of trade and economic relations between the two countries.

Trade turnover between Ukraine and Vietnam in 2020 (million USD):


Export

Import

Balance

Total

Goods

184.2

460.2

-275.9

644.4

Services

7.8

0.7

+7.1

8.5

Разом

192

460.9

-268.6

653

In the structure of Ukrainian exports in 2020:

- grain crops - 45.7%;

- ores, slags and ashes - 24.2%;

- wood and wood products - 4.7%;

- residues of food industry (feed) - 3.8%.

Imports of goods from Vietnam in 2020 are mainly in:

- electric machines (mobile phones) - 53.5%;

- footwear - 9.69%;

- boilers and machines - 7.2%;

- coffee and tea - 4.86%.

4.1. Scientific, technical and sectoral cooperation

Two high-level joint bodies operate in the field of sectoral cooperation:

- Ukrainian-Vietnamese Joint Subcommittee on Scientific and Technical Cooperation of the IUVC;

- Ukrainian-Vietnamese Intergovernmental Coordination Commission for Military-Technical Cooperation.




5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation 

In 2012, the Days of Culture of Ukraine took place in Vietnam. Concerts of the National Honored Academic Ukrainian Folk Choir of Ukraine named after Hryhorii Veriovka and Days of Ukrainian Cinema were held in Hanoi, Hochiminh City and Halong. The collection of works by Taras Shevchenko translated in Vietnamese were published.

In 2018, Ukraine hosted the Spring Festival in Odessa, evenings of Vietnamese music in Kyiv and Kharkiv, the Day of Vietnamese Sports in Kharkiv, and the Day of Vietnamese Culture in Lviv as part of the celebration of the Year of Vietnam.

In 2019, works by famous Ukrainian writers were translated into Vietnamese and were published as the book "Tropical Violin".

In 2020, the President of Ukraine V.Zelenskyy awarded Vietnamese citizen Pham Nhat Vuong with the Order of Merit Degree III for outstanding humanitarian aid to Ukraine.

6. Legal framework 

Number of bilateral documents in force - 51.

Key documents:

- Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Trade and Economic Relations (1992);

- Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on Investment Promotion and Protection (1994);

- Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on cooperation in the military-technical field (1994);

- Consular Convention between Ukraine and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1994);

- Agreement on the Principles of Relations and Cooperation between Ukraine and the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (1996);

- Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and on capital (1998);

- Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Vietnam on the readmission of citizens of both countries (2007);

- Joint statement of the President of Ukraine and the President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam on the development of comprehensive cooperation and partnership between Ukraine and Vietnam (2011).

7. Ukrainian community

As of the beginning of 2021, there are 124 people registered with the Embassy of Ukraine in Vietnam. It is estimated that the number of Ukrainian citizens living in Vietnam does not exceed one thousand.

There is no organized Ukrainian diaspora in Vietnam.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam

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