Middle East and Africa
18 December 2019 16:46

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: December 27, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: August 20, 1992.

3. Political dialogue:

April 22-28, 1993 - visit of the delegation of Ukraine headed by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs to Algeria.

July 1999 - visit to Algeria by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to participate in the 35th Summit of the Organization of African Unity.

In November 1999, the Embassy of Ukraine in the APDR started working.

December 13-15, 2002 - official visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Algeria.

On October 13, 2020 at the initiative of the Ukrainian side, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine D.Kuleba had a telephone conversation with his Algerian counterpart S.Boukadoum.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria in 2019 reached 614.4 million USD which was a record mark ever fixed.

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria in 2020 reached 378.408 million USD (decreased and amounted to 61.59 % compared to 2019).

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria during January-May 2021 reached 214 million 661 thousand USD.

Exports of goods amounted to 211 million 192 thousand USD (99.3 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

Imports of goods amounted to 2 million 987.5 thousand USD (96.3 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

The balance of trade in goods during January-May 2021 is positive and amounts to 208.2 million USD.

The volume of trade in services during the first quarter of 2021 amounted to 481 thousand USD.

Exports of services amounted to 313 thousand USD (7.0 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

Imports of services amounted to 168.1 thousand USD (47.7 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

The balance of trade in services for the first quarter of 2021 is positive for Ukraine and amounts to 144.9 thousand USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Traditionally, good contacts have been established between a number of technical universities of Ukraine and Algeria, bilateral exchanges at the level of sports federations, symphony orchestras, etc. take place on a regular basis.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

The contacts between a number of technical universities between Ukraine and Algeria are traditional. Thus, in recent years in the field of education there have been exchanges at the level of teachers, graduate students and interns of Algerian universities in Constantine, Boomerdes and Blida with Ukrainian partners: Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University, University of Oil and Gas (Ivano-Frankivsk), Technical National University (Kyiv), Ivan Kozhedub Kharkiv University of the Air Force.

On April 14, 2021 an online meeting was held between the management of the Kozyavkin International Rehabilitation Clinic and members of the National Office of the Association of Children with Cerebral Palsy of Algeria.

In this area, the following agreements were concluded:

1. Framework Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria on cooperation in the field of exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes (signed on December 5, 2007 in Algiers).

2. Agreement on international cooperation between the East Ukrainian National University Volodymyr Dahl (Luhansk, Ukraine) and M’hamed Bougara University (Boomerdes, Algeria), (November 4, 2006, Luhansk).

3. Agreement on partnership, cooperation and scientific exchange between the National Technical University of Ukraine (Ukraine) and M’hamed Bougara University (Boomerdes, Algeria), (May 2005).

4. Agreement on joint activities within the project "Intellect" between the Institute of Energy Conservation and Energy Management of the National Technical University of Ukraine and the Research Laboratory for Electrification of Industrial Enterprises of M’hamed Bougara University (Boomerdes, Algeria), (May 2005).

5. Agreement on partnership, cooperation and scientific exchange between the National Technical University of Ukraine (Ukraine) and the Scientific and Technical University Houari Boumédienne (Algeria). Signed by rectors M.Zgurovskyi and Benali Benzagu (February 2006, Kyiv).

6. Agreement on partnership, cooperation and scientific exchange between the National University of Oil and Gas (Ivano-Frankivsk) and M’hamed Bougara University (Boomerdes, Algeria) (March 27, 2006, Ghardaia, Algeria).

7. Legal framework:

The legal framework consists of 19 documents, including those in the field of trade, economic, military and scientific and technical cooperation, as well as agreements and memoranda between higher educational institutions of Ukraine and Algeria.

Key documents: Agreement on trade cooperation between Ukraine and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria; Convention between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria on Avoidance of Double Taxation of Income and Property and Prevention of Tax Evasion; Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria on military-technical cooperation.

Important documents that are under development: Agreement on maritime merchant shipping; Agreement on promotion and mutual protection of investments.

8. Ukrainian community: The Ukrainian community in Algeria engulfs about 500 Ukrainians, most of whom are wives and children of Algerian citizens.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: The Embassy of Ukraine in Algeria opened in November 1999.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Angola

1. Recognition of Ukraine: September 30, 1993.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 30, 1994.

3. Political relations:

Bilateral political and intersectoral contacts:

June 24-25, 1999 - the first visit to Angola of the official delegation of Ukraine headed by the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine in the status of Special Envoy of the President of Ukraine.

April 4-5, 2001 - working visit to Ukraine by Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Angola J. Chicote, during which a Memorandum of Cooperation was signed between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Angola.

May 18-19, 2013 - working visit to Ukraine of Minister of State - Head of the Military Chancellery of the President of Angola, General Manuel Elder Vieira Diaz "Kopelipa".

November 19-22, 2017 - a working visit to the Republic of Angola by a delegation of the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine headed by Deputy Minister for European Integration.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, there was a significant decline in trade between Ukraine and Angola due to the situation with the coronavirus pandemic. Exports of Ukrainian goods during this period amounted to 4.0 million USD, - only 20.3% of exports compared to 2019. The main export items in 2020 were meat and meat products in the amount of 2.6 million USD (66.1% of total exports), nuclear reactors, boilers and machinery 0.56 million USD (13.8%), fats and oils of animal and vegetable origin 0.4 million USD (10.6%).

The beginning of 2021 was marked by positive dynamics. Thus, in the period January-May 2021, exports of Ukrainian goods reached 11.7 million USD, it’s about 700% of exports compared to the corresponding period of 2020. In particular, the main export items in 2021 are cereals in the amount of 9.9 million USD (85.0%) and meat and meat products in the amount of 0.88 million USD.

5. Scientific and educational cooperation:

As of 2019, according to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine data, 306 Angolan students were studying in Ukraine. Currently the tendency is saved.

Angolan youth receive higher education in Ukraine mainly at the universities of Kyiv, Vinnytsia, Dnipro, Kharkiv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv and Odesa.

6. Legal framework:

Number of valid documents: 12.

There are two basic documents that compose the legal framework between Ukraine and Angola: the Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Angola (30.09.1994) and the Memorandum of Cooperation between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Angola (04.04.2001).

7. Ukrainian community:

According to official data, as of the second quarter 2021, there are 283 Ukrainian citizens in Angola on legal grounds.

There are no Ukrainian cultural and educational organizations in the country.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in Angola (https://angola.mfa.gov.ua/en).

The diplomatic mission of Ukraine was opened in May 2004.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Bahrain

Recognition of Ukraine: January 20, 1992.

Establishment of diplomatic relations: July 20, 1992.

Political dialogue:

January 21, 2003 – official visit of the President of Ukraine to the Kingdom of Bahrain.

January 29, 2008 – the first Ukrainian-Bahraini political consultations in the history of bilateral relations.

On February 28, 2012, the Ambassador of Ukraine to the UAE presented his credentials to King Hamad bin Ishi Al Khalifa of Bahrain. After the official meeting ceremony a separate conversation between the Ambassador and the King took place.

As part of the participation of the Ukrainian delegation in the World Summit on Aviation Investment (January 27-30, 2019, Dubai, UAE), the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine met with the Deputy Minister of Transport and Telecommunications of Bahrain.

On July 12, 2021 the First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Emine Dzhaparova and the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Bahrain Sheikh Abdullah bin Ahmed Al-Khalifa had telephone conversation.


Legal framework:

Memorandum of Cooperation between the Foreign Ministries, concluded in January 2008 as a result of the Ukrainian-Bahraini political consultations in Manama.


Trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and Bahrain:

The total volume of bilateral trade between Ukraine and Bahrain in the first half of 2021 amounted to 2 million 470 thousand US dollars. The total volume of bilateral trade between Ukraine and Bahrain in 2020 amounted to 8 million 692 thousand US dollars.

In January-June 2021, exports of goods from Ukraine to Bahrain amounted to 2.14 million US dollars, which is 56% less than in the same period of 2020.

In terms of industry, the largest share of Ukrainian exports is occupied by trade in agro-industrial products (finished animal feed - 515 thousand US dollars, meat and edible offal – 438.8 thousand US dollars, fats and oils of animal and vegetable origin – 308 thousand US dollars, alcoholic and non – alcoholic beverages (219 thousand US dollars).

Imports of goods to Ukraine from Bahrain amounted to 334.5 thousand US dollars, which is 29.5% more than in the same period of 2020.

In terms of industry, the largest share of Ukrainian imports is occupied by trade in fuel and oil products - 171.2 thousand US dollars and products of inorganic chemistry - 140 thousand US dollars.

Ukraine's trade surplus with Bahrain amounted to $ 1.8 million USD, which is 61% less than last year.

Association of Ukrainians:

The Ukrainian community in Bahrain is small and has approximately 300 members. The vast majority of Ukrainians working in Bahrain are involved in services, hotel business, air and sea transport.

The communication platform of Ukrainians in Bahrain is the Facebook page “Ukrainians in Bahrain” (created in 2015, 300 subscribers).

Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Bahrain (with residence in the United Arab Emirates).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Benin

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 9 January 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 10 April 1992.

3. Political relations: 

There have been no high-level contacts and high-level bilateral bodies.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 11.8 million USD. Export of goods amounted to 11.53 million USD, which is by 65 % less than in 2019, import amounted to 270 thousand USD, which is by 20.2% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine was 11,26 million USD.

The main items of Ukrainian export: ferrous metals (82%), fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (12.9%), flour and cereal products (0.1%), foodstuffs (0.4%).

The main items of import from Benin: clothes and accessories (100%).

In January-May 2021 the volume of trade in goods between the countries amounted to 16,2 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the information of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 6 nationals of Benin study in Ukrainian universities (as of 2020). Conclusion of a treaty with Benin on cooperation in the sphere of education is under consideration.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none.

 7. Legal basis:

The basic documents are the notes on establishing of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Benin (10 April 1992).

8. Ukrainian community: 9 nationals of Ukraine reside in Benin.

9. Diplomatic representation: the Republic of Benin belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Botswana

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: February 11, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: March 3, 2004

3. Political relations: there are no contacts at the highest level.

On July 20, 2021, a telephone conversation took place between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine D. Kuleba and the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of the Republic of Botswana L. Kwape.

There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the results of 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods is 1.3 million USD and decreased compared to the same period in 2019 by almost 2.5 times. At the same time, exports of goods from Ukraine to Botswana amounted to 380.6 thousand USD (a decrease of 3.3 times), and imports of goods from Botswana to Ukraine amounted to 916.1 thousand USD (2.1 times decrease). The negative balance for Ukraine during this period amounted to 535.5 thousand USD.

Exports consisted of 92.9% of animal or vegetable fats and oils (in 2019, exports of these products are absent) and 7.1% of electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof (a decrease of almost 48 times), and imports were 100% represented by diamonds (2.1 times reduction).

There is no trade in services.

There is no investment cooperation.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

In 2020, according to the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, 5 students from Botswana studied in Ukrainian higher education institutions. In 2021, the memorial plaque to Seretse Khama on the wall of the central building of Slovyansk Applied College of National Aviation University was opened.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none.

7. Legal framework: Joint Declaration on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Botswana (New York, March 3, 2004).

8. Ukrainian community: none.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: the Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of South Africa.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Burkina Faso

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 16, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: February 6, 1992.

3. Political relations: 

March 1995 - Informal conversation between the Presidents of Ukraine and Burkina Faso on the sidelines of the World Summit for Social Development (Copenhagen);

May 2011 - Meeting of Foreign Ministers in Istanbul.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, bilateral trade consisted almost entirely of Ukrainian exports and amounted to 12.226 million US dollars. Ukraine exported mainly ferrous metals and products of the flour and cereals industry.

5. Legal framework: 

The draft Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Burkina Faso on the Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments is under consideration by the Burkinabe authorities.

The parties agreed on a draft Protocol on Political Consultations between the Foreign Ministries of the two countries.

6. Ukrainian community: 

There is no Ukrainian diaspora in Burkina Faso. A small number of Ukrainian citizens live in the country. There are no Ukrainian associations in Burkina Faso.

7. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: 

Burkina Faso falls within the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Tunisia.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Burundi

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: January 6, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: February 22, 1993

3. Political relations: 

Neither high-level bilateral contacts nor the body between Ukraine and Burundi was established.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to 512 thousand USD.

Exports totaled 121,4 thousand USD, (increased in 13,3% compared to 2019), imports – 390,6 thousand USD (decreased in 14.7% compared to 2019). The negative balance for Ukraine amounted to 269,2 thousand USD.

The main articles of exports from Ukraine to Burundi are: animal or vegetable fats and oils (42,4%), boilers, machinery (37,1%), gum elastic (13%), pharmaceuticals (7,5 %).

The main articles of imports from Burundi to Ukraine are coffee and tea (100%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Burundi amounted to 1,54 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 1 citizen of Burundi is studying at the Higher educational establishment in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and Technical cooperation:

The Scientific and Technical cooperation between Ukraine and Burundi is at an early stage of development.

7. Bilateral agreements:

Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Burundi (February 22, 1993).

8. The Ukrainian community in Burundi: no citizens of Ukraine in Burundi stay on Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

The Republic of Burundi belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Cabo Verde

1. Date of recognition of Ukraine: January 16, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: March 25, 1992

3. Political dialogue:

The political dialogue takes place in the format of an exchange of protocol letters between the top leaders of the two states.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 1.3 million USD. Exports of goods amounted to 1.2 million USD, which is 402.5% more than in 2019, imports - 57.4 thousand USD, which is 2092.7% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine is 1.14 million USD.

Main export commodities to Cabo Verde: poultry meat and offal (100%)

Main import commodities from Cabo Verde: fish and crustaceans (100%)

5. Legal framework:

Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Cabo Verde (March 25, 1992).

6. Diplomatic representation:

The Republic of Cabo Verde belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Portuguese Republic (political and economic issues) and the Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Senegal (consular issues).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Cameroon

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 17 June 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 21 October 1993.

3. Political relations:

April of 1997 and September of 2008 – meetings of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Cameroon.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 53.82 million USD. Export of goods amounted to 51.87 million USD, which is by 58.5% more than in 2019, import amounted to 1.08 million USD, which is by 37.4% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine was 50.78 million USD.

The main items of Ukrainian export: ferrous metals (88.5%), vegetables (7.5%), foodstuffs (1.7%).

The main items of import from Cameroon: coffee and tea (79.2%), caoutchouc and rubber (18.5%).

In January-May 2021 the volume of trade in goods between the countries amounted to 25,3 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: 

According to the information of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 457 nationals of Cameroon studied in Ukrainian universities in 2020.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

Training and professional development of Cameroonian specialists in Ukraine are prospective directions of Ukrainian and Cameroonian cooperation. The Cameroonian side is interested to expand bilateral cooperation with Ukraine in the spheres of education, training of specialists in agriculture, agricultural technology, information technologies, military and technical sphere, medicine, education and engineering.

7. Legal basis:

The basic documents are the notes on establishing of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Cameroon (14 October 1993).

8. Ukrainian community: 13 nationals of Ukraine reside in Cameroon.

9. Diplomatic representation of Ukraine: the Republic of Cameroon belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Central African Republic (CAR)

1. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 14, 1995.

2. Political relations:

2017 - working visit to Ukraine of the Minister of State, Director of the Cabinet of the President of the Central African Republic.

3. Trade and economic cooperation. In 2020 the total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and the CAR amounted to 784.8 thousand USD.

In 2020, the total trade turnover between Ukraine and the CAR amounted to 784.8 thousand USD: exports of goods from Ukraine to the CAR - 784.4 thousand USD, import of goods from the CAR to Ukraine - 0.4 thousand USD, positive balance - 784.0 thousands USD. The main commodity items of Ukrainian exports are: meat and edible offal, fats, oils and electric engines.

In 2020, the volume of trade in services between Ukraine and the CAR amounted to 11.8 thousand USD (transportation services).

5. There is no Ukrainian community in the Central African Republic.

6. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Ukraine in CAR is represented by the Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Morocco (except for consular matters which are administered by the Embassy of Ukraine in Tunisia).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Chad

1. Recognition of Ukraine: February 20, 1993.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: July 27, 1993.

3. Political relations: 

July 2004 - Official Visit of the Minister of National Defense, former fighters and victims of the Chadian War to Ukraine.

February 20-23, 2006 - visit of the delegation of the Republic of Chad headed by the Minister of Mines and Energy to Ukraine.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, bilateral trade in 2020 amounted to 1.89 million US dollars (consists mainly of Ukrainian exports).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: 

Since 1961, more than 500 specialists have been trained for Chad in Ukraine.

6. Legal framework: 

The Chadian side is considerіng the draft Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation and the draft Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Culture, Science and Technology.

7. Ukrainian community: 

There is no Ukrainian diaspora in Chad. There are no Ukrainian associations in Chad.

8. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: 

The Republic of Chad falls within the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Tunisia.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Union of the Comoros

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: June 7, 1993

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: July 23, 1993

3. Political relations: 

Neither high-level bilateral contacts nor the body between Ukraine and the Union of the Comoros were established.

Honorary Consulate of the Union of the Comoros headed by Oleksandr Kuznetsov functions in Kyiv.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to 1,38 million USD. Exports totaled 1,32 million USD, (increased in 82,9% compared to 2019), imports – 68,2 thousand USD (decreased in 9.2% compared to 2019). The positive balance for Ukraine amounted to 1,25 million USD.

The main articles of exports from Ukraine to the Union of the Comoros are: meat and edible by-products (72,4%), products of flour and cereals industry (25,3%), animal or vegetable fats and oils (1,2%).

The main articles of imports from the Union of the Comoros to Ukraine are: coffee and tea (100%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and the Union of the Comoros amounted to 188 thousand USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 79 citizens of the Union of the Comoros are studying at Higher educational establishments in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and Technical cooperation:

The Scientific and Technical cooperation between Ukraine and the Union of the Comoros is at an early stage of development.

7. Bilateral agreements:

1. Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Union of the Comoros by exchange of notes (July 23, 1993);

2. Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine and the Maritime Administration of the Union of the Comoros on the recognition of seafarers' certificates dated December 12, 2003;

3. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Union of the Comoros on cooperation in the sphere of education and science (November 2, 2017).

8. The Ukrainian community in the Union of the Comoros: no citizens of Ukraine in the Union of the Comoros stay on Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

The Union of the Comoros belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Democratic Republic of the Congo

1. Recognition of Ukraine: April 13, 1999.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 13, 1999.

3. Political relations:

May 2000 - unofficial visit of the President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) Laurent-Desiree Kabila to Ukraine.

April 9-10, 2009 - official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DRC A. Tambwe Mwamba to Ukraine.

February 25-26, 2010 - Minister of Foreign Affairs of the DRC A.T. Mwamba was in Ukraine as a special representative of the President of the DRC attended the inauguration of the President of Ukraine.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in 2020 exports of Ukrainian goods to the DRC decreased by 27,8% and amounted to 1,3 million USD compared to 2019. The main export items in 2020 were meat and meat products in the amount of 6,11 million USD (67,2% of total exports).

Imports of goods from the DRC to Ukraine in 2020 showed a significant increase, amounting to 296,4% compared to 2019 and reached 9,1 million USD.

The period January-May 2021 was marked by the gradual intensification of trade and economic relations between Ukraine and the DRC.

Exports of goods during this period of 2021 amounted to 120,7% compared to the corresponding period in 2020, which worth 4,1 million USD. The main exports are meat and meat products for 2,38 million USD (57,7% of total exports), fats and oils of animal origin 0,4 million USD (10,7%).

The imports of goods from the DRC shows constant significant growth. Thus, for the period January-May 2021, goods for the amount of 0,8 million USD were imported from the DRC, which is 462,2% compared to the corresponding period in 2020.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: The Ukrainian contingent (counts 263 employees) participate in the United Nations Organization Mission in Democratic Republic of the Congo.

6. Scientific and educational cooperation:

The provision of educational services to citizens of the Democratic Republic of the Congo remains a traditional area of bilateral cooperation in the field of education. Every year, more than 100 applicants from the DRC receive visas to study in Ukraine. Currently the tendency is saved.

7. Legal framework:

1. General Agreement between Ukraine and the Democratic Republic of the Congo on trade, economic, scientific, technical and socio-cultural cooperation.

2. Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo on the promotion and mutual protection of investments (not ratified by the DRC Parliament).

3. Protocol on Consultations and Cooperation between the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Ministry of Defense of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

8. Ukrainian community: is few in number.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine:

The DRC is under the responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Angola (https://angola.mfa.gov.ua/en).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of the Congo

1. Recognition of Ukraine: March 25, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 3, 1999.

3. Political relations:

There are no contacts at the highest level. There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation: 

In 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods between Ukraine and Republic of Congo amounted to USD 6,807 million. Exports amounted to 6.72 million USD (19.6% less than in 2019), imports - 0.08 million USD (38.6% more than in 2019).

Meat and meat products with amount of 4.78 million USD remain the main export position (71.2% of total exports), as well as milk and dairy products, poultry eggs, natural honey per 0.9 million USD (13.5%).

The main imports in 2020 were paper and cardboard for the amount of 0.043 million USD (53.2% of total imports), and fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin in the amount of 0.035 million USD (44.3%).

The beginning of 2021 was marked with the significant restoration of the positive trade`s trend between the countries. Thus, for the period January-May 2021, the volume of trade in goods amounted to USD 3,852 million. Ukraine exported goods with amount of 3.8 million USD, including meat and meat products for 3.0 million USD (80.3% of total exports).

The main import item in this period was wood and wood products with amount of 0.035 million USD (71.8% of total imports).

5. Cultural and educational cooperation:

The provision of educational services to Congolese citizens remains a traditional component of relations with that country. According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science, as of 2018-2019 academic year, 314 students from the Republic of Congo studied in Ukraine

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: is absent.

7. Legal framework:

The basic document is the Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations of June 3, 1999.

8. Ukrainian community: is few in number.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine:

The Republic of Congo is under the responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Angola (https://angola.mfa.gov.ua/en).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Cote-d’Ivoire

1. Recognition of Ukraine: October 20, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: October 20, 1992.

3. Political cooperation:

February 22-23, 2013 - visit of the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine.

November 29, 2014 - meeting of Foreign Ministers at the 15th United Nations Summit in Doha.

February 27, 2017 - meeting of Foreign Ministers on margins of the 34th session of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Geneva.

November 13, 2017 - phone conversation of the Foreign Ministers.

July 29, 2021 - phone conversation of the Foreign Ministers.

4. Trade and economic relations:

In 2020, the bilateral commodity turnover was 113,89 million USD. Ukrainian exports decreased by 11,1% to 42,42 million USD if compared to the previous year. In addition, imports decreased by 1,1% to 71,47 million USD if compared to the previous year. The negative trade balance is 29,05 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of Côte-dIvoire in 2020: iron and steel (86,7%), animal and vegetable fats (8,4%).

The structure of import in 2020: cacao and cocoa preparations (95,9%), rubber and articles thereof (2,3%), edible fruit and nuts (1,4%).

In January-July 2021, the bilateral commodity turnover was 108,86 million USD. Ukrainian exports increased by 103,6% to 58,75 million USD if compared to the respective period of the previous year. In addition, imports increased by 38,3% to 50,11 million USD if compared to the respective period of the previous year. The positive trade balance is 8,64 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of Côte-dIvoire in January-July 2021: iron and steel (79,8%), animal and vegetable fats (10,2%), plastics and articles thereof (3,3%), cereals (2,4%).

The structure of import in January-July 2021: cocoa and cocoa preparations (98,0%), edible fruit and nuts (1,4%).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, in 2019-2020 academic year 182 Ivorian students studied in Ukrainian universities.

6. Science and technical cooperation: practically absent.

7. The contractual and legal framework:

The key document is the Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations.

8. Ukrainian diaspora: not numerous.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Senegal.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Djibouti 

1. The Independence of Ukraine: recognized on January 06, 1992.

2. Diplomatic relations: established on March 17, 2009.

3. Political relations:

October, 2019 – a meeting og the State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of Djibouti in the framework of the 36th Francophonie Ministerial Conference.

4. Trade and Economic relations:

According to the State Statistics Agency of Ukraine, goods and services volume between Ukraine and Djibouti (as for December 31, 2020) reached USD 22,160,000.

Ukrainian export – USD 22,030,000, import – USD 125,900. Positive balance for Ukraine – USD 21,900,000.

The main commodity goods of Ukrainian export: grain (USD 4,070,000), flour and its products (USD 3,600,000), meat and its subproducts (USD 381,200), natural honey (USD 771,000), milk and its products, eggs; vegetables, beans (USD 4,930,000), flour and its products (USD 268,500), animal fat and vegetable oils (USD 10,970,000), wood and its products (USD 212,200), land transport but railway (USD 260,100).

The main commodity goods of Ukrainian import: electric machines (USD 34,600), optical and photographic devices (USD 89,600).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

None.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

None.

7. Legal framework cooperation:

Joint Communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries signed on March 17, 2009.

8. Ukrainian community:

None.

9. Diplomatic mission: 

Djibouti belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Ethiopia

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Arab Republic of Egypt

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 3, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: January 25, 1992

3. Political relations:

Key high-level contacts:

Visits at the level of heads of state: December 1992 and April 2008 - visits to Egypt by the President of Ukraine.

Meeting of the Presidents of Ukraine and Egypt on the sidelines of Munich Security Conference on 15.02.2019.

Meeting of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy with President of Egypt A. Al-Sisi - September 25, 2019 on the sidelines of the 74th session of the UN General Assembly.

07.24.2020 President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy held a telephone conversation with President of Egypt A. Al-Sisi.

Visits by Prime Ministers:

To Egypt - March 1997, November 2010

Visits and contacts at the level of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs:

December 2002 and December 2005, April 2018 - visits of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Egypt; December 6-7, 2010 - visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Egypt to Ukraine.

04-07.04.2021 - Working visit of the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Egypt to co-chair the 9th round of political consultations.

29.07.2020, 25.02.2021 and 23.05.2021 telephone conversations of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Egypt.

Existing high-level bilateral bodies:

Intergovernmental Joint Commission on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation between Ukraine and the Arab Republic of Egypt. The last meeting of the commission took place on 31.10-02.11.2018 in Kyiv.

Inter-parliamentary friendship group with Egypt has been established in Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in June 2020.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

The total volume of trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Egypt in 2020 amounted to USD 1.8 billion.

Trade in goods: during 2020 the Ukrainian-Egyptian trade turnover amounted to USD 1.693 billion.

Exports of Ukrainian goods to Egypt amounted to USD 1.618 billion. Ukraine's imports from Egypt amounted to $ 75.2 million. Surplus USD 1.543 billion.

The main items of Ukrainian export: grain, ferrous metals, fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin, tobacco and its industrial substitutes.

The main product of Egyptian imports is still edible fruits, mainly citrus fruits, the supply of which accounted for 49.3% of all Egyptian imports to Ukraine.

During January-July 2021, the Ukrainian-Egyptian trade turnover amounted to USD 894.2 million. Exports of goods amounted to USD 830.8 million, imports – USD 63.4 million. The surplus in trade in goods amounted to USD 767.4 million.

Trade in services. In 2020, trade in services amounted to USD 107 million. Ukrainian enterprises provided services to Egypt for USD 34.375 million. Egyptian companies provided services worth USD 72.589 million.

During the first half of 2021, the Ukrainian-Egyptian trade in services amounted to USD 115.4 million. Exports of services amounted to USD 41.2 million, imports - USD 74.2 million. The negative balance in trade in services amounted to USD 33 million.

5. Bilateral investment cooperation

NJSC Naftogaz of Ukraine is implementing in Egypt the largest investment project abroad at the Alam al-Shawish field in the Western Desert of Egypt.

6. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Cooperation in the cultural and humanitarian sphere is based on the Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt on cultural and scientific cooperation. Ukraine participates in international cultural events organized by Egypt (book fairs, film festivals, youth forums, etc.).

Tourism: In 2020, Ukraine was the first in terms of the number of tourists visiting Egyptian resorts and tourist places (727 thousand). In 2019, our state ranked second in terms of the number of tourists visiting Egypt (1,490,000).

7. Scientific and technical cooperation:

As part of the project between the National Space Agency of Ukraine and the Yuzhnoye State Design Bureau and the National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences of the ARE (NARSS) for the production and launch of the artificial Egyptian satellite «EgyptSat-1», on April 17, 2007 an Egyptian satellite was launched into a near-earth orbit from the Baikonur cosmodrome with the help of the Ukrainian carrier rocket «Dnipro».

Cooperation between the State Space Agency of Ukraine and the Egyptian Space Agency continues.

8. Bilateral treaties:

Number of documents in force: 31 (conventions, agreements, memorandums), most of which are of an economic nature.

Key documents: Agreement on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation, Agreement on Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, Agreement on Trade Cooperation, Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and prevention of tax evasion with respect to taxes on income and property etc.

9. Ukrainian community:

According to unofficial data, there are more than 4 thousand of Ukrainians temporarily or permanently reside Egypt, mostly in Hurghada and Sharm el-Sheikh, as well as in Cairo and Alexandria. There are no officially registered organizations or other centers of the Ukrainian community in Egypt.

10. Diplomatic representation of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Equatorial Guinea 

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s independence: January 17, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: May 18, 1992.

3. Political relations: 

September 2004 - official visit of the government delegation led by the Prime Minister of Equatorial Guinea (including the Minister for Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Francophonie, the Minister for Finance, the Minister for Education and Science, the Minister for Social Policy for Equatorial Guinea) to Ukraine.

September 2004 - state visit of the President of Equatorial Guinea to Ukraine.

November 2004 - official visit of the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Equatorial Guinea.

December 2005 - official visit of the Minister of National Defence of Equatorial Guinea to Ukraine.

March 2011 – working visit of the Minister of Mining, Industry and Energy of the Equatorial Guinea to Ukraine. 

November 30, 2014 – Meeting of Foreign Ministers within the framework of the 15th Summit of the International Organization of la Francophonie in Dakar (Senegal). 

4. Trade and economic relations: 

In 2020, the volume of Ukrainian exports to Equatorial Guinea decreased by 5,5% and amounted to 3,8 million USD.  At the same time, import deliveries of goods from Equatorial Guinea to Ukraine in 2020 have not been recorded.

The main commodity groups of Ukrainian exports to Equatorial Guinea were: nuclear reactors, boilers, machines – 29,1%; meat and edible subproducts - 17,3%; milk and dairy products, poultry eggs, natural honey – 11,2%; tanning extracts – 4,7%; rubber, rubber – 4,7%; alcoholic and non-alcoholic drinks and vinegar – 3,2%; different finished products – 2,6%.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, within the period of January - May 2021, exports from Ukraine to Equatorial Guinea amounted to 743,8 thousand USD (no imports).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:  

According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, in 2019-2020 academic year 11 students of the Equatorial Guinea studied in Ukrainian universities.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: None.

7. Legal and contractual basis: 

1. Declaration on the principles of relations between Ukraine and Equatorial Guinea.

2. Protocol on political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and the Francophonie of Equatorial Guinea.

3. Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Equatorial Guinea on mutual recognition of education documents.

4. Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Equatorial Guinea on military and technical cooperation.

5. Agreement between the Ministry of Defence of Ukraine and the Ministry of National Defence of the Republic of Equatorial Guinea on military cooperation.

8. Diplomatic representation of Ukraine:

The Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Spain is responsible for maintaining diplomatic communication with the Republic of Equatorial Guinea and the Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Senegal – for consular issues.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the State of Eritrea

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 20, 1993.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: December 20, 1993.

3. Political relations: no official visits have taken place since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the countries.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, the volume of trade in goods between Ukraine and Eritrea amounted to 1.572 million USD. Exports amounted to 1.562 million USD, import - 0.011 million USD. A positive balance of 1.551 million USD.

The main position in the structure of Ukrainian exports to Eritrea in 2020 was malt supplies (99.9%).

During January-July 2021, the volume of trade in goods between Ukraine and Eritrea amounted to 1.083 million USD. Exports of goods amounted to 1.051 million USD, imports - 0.032 million USD. The positive balance in trade in goods amounted to 1.019 million USD.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, there is no information on trade in services between Ukraine and Eritrea.

5. The legal framework consists of one document - the Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Eritrea of 20.12.1993.

6. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: The State of Eritrea is the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Eswatini

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: May 13, 1998.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: May 13, 1998.

3. Political relations: there are no contacts at the highest level.

There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the results of 2020, trade is represented only by imports, which amounted to 538.7 thousand USD (1.7 times increase). Imports by 98.3% consisted of edible fruits and nuts - 529.7 thousand USD (2.1 times increase).

Exports of services in 2020 amounted to 342.1 thousand USD (2.1 times growth).

There is no investment cooperation.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: in 2020, according to the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, 1 student from Esvatini studied.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none

7. Legal framework: none.

8. Ukrainian community: none.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in South Africa.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Ethiopia

1. The Independence of Ukraine: recognized on January 02, 1992.

2. Diplomatic relations: established on April 01, 1993.

3. Political relations:

January 21-23,2002 – visit of the State Secretary of the MFA of Ukraine with delegation to Ethiopia.

Bilateral political consultations at the level of the ministries of foreign affairs of the two countries were held in Addis Ababa on September 05, 2019.

4. Trade and Economic relations:

According to the State Statistics Agency of Ukraine goods and services volume between Ukraine and Ethiopia (as for December 31, 2020) reached USD 144,430,000.

Ukrainian export – USD 140,000,000, import – USD 4,430,000. Positive balance for Ukraine – USD 135,630,000.

The main commodity goods of Ukrainian export: grain (USD 38,960,000), flour and its products (USD 2,370,000), meat or fat and vegetable oil (USD 1,670,000), plastics, polymers (USD 720,000), rubber (516 тис. дол. США), textile goods (USD 547,300), ferrous metals (USD 85,050,000), aluminum and its products (USD 523,200), boilers, equipment (USD 6,590,000), photographic devices, optics (USD 807,900).

The main commodity goods of Ukrainian import: tea and coffee (USD 4,145,000), seeds and fruit oilseeds (USD 11,900), knitted and crocheted clothing (USD 315,000), flowers (USD 36,000).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine as for December 31, 2020 - 46 Ethiopian students studied in Ukraine.

7. Legal framework cooperation:

Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (April 01, 1993).

8. Ukrainian community:

Up to 30 persons.

9. Diplomatic mission

Embassy of Ukraine in Ethiopia

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Gabonese Republic

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 10 January 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 1 September 1993.

3. Political relations: 

April 2011: the first official visit of the Head of the Foreign Service of Gabon to Ukraine.

29 November 2014: meeting between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Gabon during the XVth Summit of the International Organisation of La Francophonie in Dakar.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 10.86 million USD. Export of goods amounted to 10.86 million USD, which is by 10.2% more than in 2019, import amounted to 5.7 thousand USD, which is by 9.4% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine was 10.85 million USD.

The main items of Ukrainian export: meat and edible subproducts (52.3%), ferrous metals (35.1%), fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (6.8%).

The main items of import from Gabon: wood and wood products (98.3%).

In January-May 2021 the volume of trade in goods between the countries amounted to 6,7 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the information of the Ukrainian State Centre for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 11 students from the Gabonese Republic studied in Ukraine in 2020.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none.

7. Legal basis:

The basic documents are: Joint comuniqué on establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Gabonese Republic dated 01.09.1993 and the Protocol on political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Gabon dated 06.04.2011.

8. Ukrainian community: tiny.

9. Diplomatic representation of Ukraine: the Embassy of Ukraine in Gabon functioned from October 2007 to June 2012. Currently the Gabonese Republic belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

 Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of the Gambia

1. Recognition of Ukraine: July 2, 1999.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: July 2, 1999 by signing the relevant Joint Communiqué in New York.

3. Political cooperation: the last visits and meetings took place in 2001-2004.

4. Trade and economic relations:

The turnover of goods is actually composed entirely from Ukrainian exports.

In 2020, exports decreased by 25,8% to 20,49 million USD if compared to the previous year. The positive balance is 20,49 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of the Gambia in 2020: iron and steel (54,2%), meat and edible meat offal (21,0%), dairy produce, birds’ eggs, natural honey (18,2%).

In January-July 2021, exports increased by 48,1% to 19,26 million USD if compared to the respective period of the previous year. The positive balance is 19,26 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of the Gambia in January-July 2021: iron and steel (79,1%), meat and edible meat offal (9,0%), dairy produce, birds’ eggs, natural honey (7,1%).

On March 4, 2021, during a meeting of the heads of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Ukraine Gennady Chizhikov and the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of the Gambia Edrissa Mass Jobe in a video conference format, a Memorandum of Cooperation between the CCI of Ukraine and the Gambia was signed.

On April 9, 2021, the Ukraine-Gambia online tourist forum organized by the Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry took place.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

A large number of military specialists were trained in the specialized universities of Ukraine for the needs of the Gambia’s armed forces. According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, in 2019-2020 academic year 55 Gambian citizens studied in Ukrainian higher education institutions.

6. Science and technical cooperation: practically absent.

7. The contractual and legal framework:

On July 12, 2001, the Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of the Gambia on the promotion and mutual protection of investments was signed. No information is available on the implementation by the Gambian party of the domestic procedures necessary for the entry of the Agreement into force.

8. Ukrainian diaspora: not numerous.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Senegal.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Ghana

1. Recognition of Ukraine: April 22, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 17, 1992.

3. Political relations: 

On September 3, 2002, the President of Ukraine met with the Vice President of Ghana within the framework of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, South Africa).

On May 13, 2008, the first bilateral political consultations were held in Accra at the level of Deputy Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the two countries.

On November 31, 2014, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine met with the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration of Ghana within the framework of the 15th Summit of the International Organization of La Francophonie (Dakar, Senegal).

On April 17, 2015, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine met with the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration Ghana within the framework of the meeting of the Conference on Cyberspace (The Hague, Kingdom of the Netherlands).

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

On April 01-03, 2018, the Trade Mission of Ukraine visited Ghana.

In 2020, the volume of trade of goods and services between the countries amounted to 219.6 million US dollars. Ukrainian exports of goods amounted to 81.54 million US dollars, which is 2.6% more than in 2019, imports from Ghana - 133.6 million US dollars, which is 32.5% less than in 2019. The negative balance for Ukraine is 52.06 million US dollars.

Key items of Ukrainian exports: ferrous metals (72.5%), fats and oils of animal origin (10.2%), ferrous metal products (1.3%), fertilizers (8%), meat and edible offal (3.3%).

Key items of imports from Ghana: ores, slag and ash (73.3%), cacao and products from it (25.8%).

In the first quarter of 2021, the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 44,63 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 1527 citizens of the Republic of Ghana study in higher educational institutions of Ukraine (2020).

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: 

Promising areas of cooperation are training and retraining of Ghanaian specialists in Ukraine. The Ghanaian side is interested in expanding bilateral cooperation with Ukraine in the fields of education, agriculture, agricultural technology, information technology, military technology, medicine and engineering.

7. Legal framework: 

1. Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Ghana (17 June 1992).

2. Protocol on Bilateral Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Ghana (13 May 2008).

8. Ukrainian community: 

The number of Ukrainian citizens living in Ghana is 33 people.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: The Republic of Ghana is in the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Tunisia and the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria (consular issues).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Guinea

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 10, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 4, 1992.

 3. Political cooperation:

June 1998 - official visit of the President of Guinea Lansana Conte to Ukraine.

November 30, 2014 - meeting of Foreign Ministers at the XV IOF Summit in Dakar.

October 07-12, 2018 - meeting between the Ukrainian and Guinean delegations at the 17th IOF Summit (Yerevan).

4. Trade and economic relations:

In 2020, the bilateral commodity turnover was 159,73 million USD. Ukrainian exports increased by 22,6% to 15,55 million USD if compared to the previous year. In addition, imports increased by 21,7% to 144,82 million USD if compared to the previous year. The negative trade balance is 129,27 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of Guinea in 2020: meat and eatable meat offal (34,3%); iron and steel (26,4%); machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers; parts thereof (16,3%); railway or tramway locomotives (5,9%); miscellaneous edible preparations (5,4%); animal and vegetable fats (3,9%).

The structure of import in 2020: ores, slag and ash (100%).

In January-July 2021, the bilateral commodity turnover was 90,96 million USD. Ukrainian exports decreased by 46,8% to 6,71 million USD if compared to the respective period of the previous year. In addition, imports increased by 0,8% to 84,25 million USD if compared to the respective period of the previous year. The negative trade balance is 77,54 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of Guinea in January-July 2021: meat and eatable meat offal (49,1%); miscellaneous edible preparations (27,7%); sugars and sugar confectionery (13,0%).

The structure of import in January-July 2021: ores, slag and ash (100%).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, in 2019-2020 academic year 120 Guinean students studied in Ukrainian universities.

6. Science and technical cooperation: practically absent.

7. The contractual and legal framework:

1. Commercial Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Guinea.

2. Memorandum of Cooperation between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Guinea.

3. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Guinea on the travel procedure for citizens holding diplomatic and service passports (a new agreement was signed on August 15, 1998).

4. Memorandum of Understanding for Cooperation in the Field of Geology and Mines between Ukraine and the Republic of Guinea.

5. Agreement on commercial, economic, scientific, technical and cultural cooperation between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Guinea.

6. Joint Declaration on the Principles of Friendship and Cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Guinea.

8. Ukrainian diaspora: not numerous.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Senegal.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Guinea-Bissau

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 13, 2003.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: February 12, 2009.

3. Political cooperation:

November 30, 2014 - the Ministers of foreign affairs of Ukraine, Mr. P.Klimkin and of Guinea-Bissau, Mr. Lopez da Rosa, met for the first time in the history of bilateral relations at the XV IOF summit (Dakar, Senegal).

4. Trade and economic relations:

In 2020 the volume of export was 171 500 USD. Ukrainian exports increased by 94.9% if compared to the respective period in 2019. The structure of export: milk and dairy, eggs, honey (53,4%), meat and edible meat offal (25,5%), miscellaneous edible preparations (14,0%), beverages, spirits and vinegar (7,1%).

In January-July 2021 the volume of export was 126 400 USD. Ukrainian exports increased by 44,5% if compared to the respective period in 2020. The structure of export: meat and eatable meat offal (50,6%), wood and articles of wood (31,0%), beverages, spirits and vinegar (18,4%).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Data of the Ukrainian State Center for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine for 2019-2020 academic year concerning students from Guinea-Bissau study in Ukrainian universities are absent.

6. Science and technical cooperation: absent.

7. The contractual and legal framework:

The only key document is the Agreement on the establishment of diplomatic relations (in the form of exchange of notes, February 12, 2009).

8. Ukrainian diaspora: not numerous.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Senegal.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Iraq

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 01, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: December 16, 1992.

3. Political relations:

The National Contingent of the Armed Forces of Ukraine was a part of the Multi-National Force in Iraq during August 11, 2003 – December 9, 2008.

High-level official contacts:

May 28, 2012 – political consultations between the Foreign Ministries of Ukraine and the Republic of Iraq in Baghdad;

November 20-22, 2012 – an official visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Iraq;

March 8, 2017 – political consultations between the Foreign Ministries of Ukraine and the Republic of Iraq in Kyiv;

November 27-29, 2018 – a visit of the Minister of Transport of Iraq to Ukraine;

April 15, 2019 – a working visit of the Deputy Foreign Minister of Ukraine to Iraq;

May 15, 2020 – a telephone conversation between the Prime Ministers of Ukraine and Iraq;

September 2-6, 2020 – a visit of the Minister of Defense of Iraq to Ukraine;

June 19, 2021 – a meeting of the Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Iraq on the sidelines of the Antalya Diplomatic Forum.

Inter-parliamentary cooperation:

March 15-18, 2012 – a delegation of the Committee on higher education and research of the Council of Representatives of the Republic of Iraq visited Kyiv.

November 21-24, 2017 – a delegation of the Deputy Group of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on inter-parliamentary relations with the Republic of Iraq visited Baghdad.

December 2019 – a Deputy Group on inter-parliamentary relations with the Republic of Iraq in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and a Group on Iraqi-Ukrainian inter-parliamentary cooperation in the Council of Representatives of the Republic of Iraq were formed.

4. The legal base of the Ukrainian-Iraqi relations consists of 11 bilateral documents, in particular Agreement on trade, economic, scientific and technical cooperation; Protocol on establishment of the Ukrainian-Iraqi Joint Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation; Protocol on cooperation between the Foreign Ministries of Ukraine and Iraq; Agreement on cultural cooperation; Memorandum of Understanding between the Defense Ministries of Ukraine and Iraq on cooperation in the military field.

5. Trade cooperation between Ukraine and Iraq:

In 2020, the trade turnover of goods between Ukraine and Iraq amounted to 597.9 mln. USD. The Ukrainian exports to Iraq amounted to 597.6 mln. USD, the Iraqi imports to Ukraine amounted to 0.3 mln. USD.

The main Ukrainian export products to Iraq in 2020 were fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (54.3%), ferrous metals (28.4%), meat and edible offal (4.2%), cereals (3.0%), pharmaceuticals (1.5%).

In 2020, the trade turnover of services between Ukraine and Iraq amounted to 14.3 mln. USD (exports from Ukraine – 8.5 mln. USD, imports from Iraq – 5.7 mln. USD).

The existing bilateral high-level bodies

The Ukrainian-Iraqi Joint Commission on Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation. Its last fourth joint meeting took place in Baghdad on December 1-3, 2012 under co-chairmanship of the Special Representative of Ukraine for the Middle East and Africa Y.Mykytenko and the Deputy Minister of Industry and Minerals of Iraq A.Karim.

6. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

The bilateral cooperation is carried out within the framework of the intergovernmental Agreement on cultural cooperation, the Memorandum between the Diplomatic Academy of Ukraine at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Foreign Service Institute of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Iraq, Memorandum on cooperation in the field of sports between the National Olympic Committee of Ukraine and the National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Iraq.

According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education, 786 Iraqi students studied in Ukrainian higher education institutions in 2020.

7. The Ukrainian community in Iraq:

There are no non-governmental organizations of Ukrainians abroad as well as Ukrainian community in Iraq. The majority of Ukrainian citizens in Iraq are wives and children of Iraqi citizens or workers on temporary contracts.

7. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

 Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Iraq 

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the State of Israel

1. Date of recognition of Ukraine: December 25, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: December 26, 1991.

3. Political dialogue:

December 22-23, 2015 - state visit of the President of Ukraine to Israel.

September 27-28, 2016 - state visit of the President of Israel to Ukraine.

September 29-30, 2016 - working visit of the President of Ukraine to Israel.

November 23-25, 2016 - official visit of the Speaker of the Knesset to Ukraine.

14-16.05.2017 - official visit of the Prime Minister of Ukraine to Israel.

May 29-31, 2018 - official visit of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine to Israel.

January 20-21, 2019 - official visit of the President of Ukraine to Israel.

August 18-20, 2019 - official visit of the Prime Minister of the State of Israel to Ukraine.

January 22-24, 2020 - working visit of the President of Ukraine to Israel.

October 5-7, 2021 – state visit of the President of Israel to Ukraine.

Contacts at the level of the foreign offices:

October 22-23, 2014 - visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Israel.

February 11-13, 2015 - visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Israel to Ukraine.

November 25-28, 2017 - official visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Israel.

June 18-19, 2018 - visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Israel.

Interparliamentary cooperation:

Inter-parliamentary friendship groups "Ukraine-Israel" and "Israel-Ukraine" have been functioning in the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and the Knesset of the State of Israel since 1994.  

High-level bilateral bodies:

Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Israeli Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation (11th meetingwas held on June 18-19, 2018 in Jerusalem).

Joint Ukrainian-Israeli Committee for Scientific and Technological Cooperation (first meeting took place on November 25-26, 2019, Kyiv).

Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Israeli Commission on Military and Technical Cooperation(4th meeting was held on November 27, 2012 in Kyiv).

 4. Trade and economic cooperation:

Israel is one of Ukraine's main trading partners in the Middle East. In 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods and services amounted to 907.3 million USD and decreased by 18.9% in comparison to 2019 (1.1 billion USD). At the same time, exports amounted to 710.2 million USD and decreased by 17.1% (in 2019 - 856 million USD), and imports amounted to 197.1 million USD and decreased by 24.3% (in 2019 - 260.3 million USD). The positive balance of Ukraine's foreign trade in goods and services with Israel in 2020 amounted to 513.1 million USD (in 2019 - 595.7 million USD).

Main export product groups: grain (40% of total exports); ferrous metals (18%); residues and waste from the food industry (6.6%); alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages and vinegar (3.6%); fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (3.4%); seeds and fruits of oilseeds (3.3%).

Structure of imports from Israel: chemical products (38% of total imports); mineral fuels, oil and products of its distillation (12.8%); plastics, polymeric materials (8.7%); pharmaceutical products (4.5%); optical and photographic instruments and apparatus (4.3%); electric machines (3.6%); edible fruits and nuts (3.6%); nuclear reactors, boilers (3.2%).

According to the National Bank of Ukraine, Israeli direct investment in the economy of Ukraine as of 31.12.2020 amounted to 100 million USD, mostly in real estate, information and communications and processing industry.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

An important precondition for the development of cultural and humanitarian cooperation between Ukraine and Israel is the presence in Israel of half a million large Ukrainian community, including tens of thousands of ethnic Ukrainians. The vast majority of them arrived in Israel in the 1990s. In turn, there is a hundred thousand strong Jewish community in Ukraine.

Many prominent Jewish religious and cultural leaders were born and lived in Ukraine. Today those places attract thousands of pilgrims and tourists from Israel. Those are the graves of Tzaddik Nachman in Uman and Schnauer Zalman in Gadyach of Poltava region, as well as of Rabbi Shapiro in Mukachevo.

Israelis also visit other places related to Jewish history and culture in Ukraine. These include, for example, the house of Bruno Schultz, the prominent artist and writer of the mid-twentieth century, in Drohobych; the house in Rivne, where the mother of the popular Israeli writer Amos Oz lived and which is described in one of his books; the town of Buchach is the birthplace of Nobel Prize-winning Israeli writer Shai Agnon.

Ukrainian Cultural Center in the State of Israel was established on October 30, 2012.

Opening of the Center contributed to the strengthening relations with the immigrants from Ukraine and to development of Ukrainian culture in Israel. The Center plays an important educational and informational role, brings together representatives of different pro-Ukrainian organizations.

The Center regularly hosts various cultural and educational events: concerts, creative meetings, exhibitions, lectures, evenings and many other events.

Also, for a period of time UCC served as volunteer activity center where humanitarian aid for Ukraine was collected. Currently, the Center continues to host charity events and other activities in support of the Ukrainian army, IDPs and children.


6. Legal basis

Legal basis of Ukraine-Israel relations consists of 74 bilateral documents, 46 of them being treaties.

The list of the main agreements between Ukraine and Israel

Memorandum of mutual understanding and guidelines on cooperation between Ukraine and Israel of 12.01.1993.

Air transportation agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Israel of 12.01.1993.

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Israel on cooperation in the field of agriculture of 12.01.1993.

Agreement on cooperation in the field of crime prevention and law enforcement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Israel of 16.06.1994.

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Israel on trade and economic cooperation of 11.07.1995.

Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Israel regarding mutual assistance in customs matters of 25.11.1996.

Agreement on cooperation in the field of education between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Israel of 09.04.2000.

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Israel on waiver of visa requirements for mutual travel of citizens of Ukraine and citizens of the State of Israel of 21.07.2010 (entered into force on 09 February 2011).

Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Israel on promotion and mutual protection of investments of 24.11.2010 (entered into force on 20.11.2012).

Agreement between the Government of the State of Israel and the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine on temporary employment of Ukrainian workers in certain sectors of the labor market of the State of Israel (entered into force on 05.12.2016).

Free Trade Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Israel (entered into force on 01.01.2021).

7. Ukrainian community:

There are a number of public organizations founded by repatriates from Ukraine in the State of Israel, in particular:

The All-Israel Association of Immigrants of Ukraine was founded in 1979 and includes about 30,000 members. The most important ideological direction of the Association is the preservation of the roots of Ukrainians, their historical memory and spiritual connection with the country. The Association promotes the social and cultural integration of repatriates from Ukraine into Israeli society, conducts music and poetry events, art festivals and chess championships for Ukrainians.

Israeli Friends of Ukraine, a non-governmental organization formed on the basis of activist and volunteer groups "Israel supports Ukraine" and "Israel helps the wounded of Maidan" that actively supported the 2014 Revolution of Dignity in Ukraine and helped Ukrainian citizens wounded during the Maidan clashes. The purpose of the NGO is to help and support Ukraine. It is active in volunteering and charity, organizing various cultural and political events.

The Transcarpathian Jewish Association was formed by Transcarpathian immigrants who came to Israel after World War II, as well as repatriates from the 1970s. The main tasks of the association are to preserve the generations-long heritage of Transcarpathians, to maintain communication between the association and Jews from Transcarpathia both in Israel and abroad.

Public organization "Aliya be tsmiha" was registered in 2011 by people from the city of Cherkasy. In the past, the main task of the organization was to provide assistance to repatriates from Cherkasy in the first years of absorption in the new country. Currently, the organization assists repatriates from Ukraine in their professional orientation.

There is a Union of Ukrainian Writers of Israel and a section of Ukrainian writers within the Union of Writers of Israel.

Since 2010, with the support of the Embassy, the Ukrainian-language magazine "Echo" has been published.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 28, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 19, 1992.

3. Political dialogue:

High-level official contacts:

April 23-24, 2002 – an official visit of the President of Ukraine.

June 22, 2011 – an official visit of the King of Jordan.

February 18-20, 2012 – an official visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine.

April 16-17, 2012 – an official visit of the President of Ukraine.

September 30 - October 4, 2012 – an official visit of the Speaker of the House of Representatives of the National Assembly of Jordan.

August 23-25, 2016 – an official visit of the mayor of Amman.

May 7-11, 2018 – a visit of the Minister of Finance of Ukraine.

July 16, 2018 – a phone call between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Expatriates of Jordan.

November 26-29, 2019 – a visit of the Minister of Justice of Jordan.

November 2-4, 2020 – a visit of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff of the Armed Forces of Jordan.

January 25, 2021 – a phone call between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Deputy Prime Minister – Minister for Foreign Affairs and Expatriates of Jordan.

April 13, 2021 – a phone call between the President of Ukraine and the King of Jordan.

July 13, 2021 – an online meeting of the First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates of Jordan.

4. The legal base of the Ukrainian-Jordanian relations consists of 4 interstate agreements, 10 intergovernmental agreements, 11 inter-agency documents, 1 cross-regional agreement.

5. Trade cooperation between Ukraine and Jordan:

Bilateral trade in goods:

In 2020, the trade turnover of goods between Ukraine and Jordan amounted to 187.182 mln. USD. The Ukrainian exports of goods to Jordan amounted to 181.056 mln. USD. The Jordanian exports to Ukraine amounted to 6.126 mln. USD.

The main Ukrainian export products to Jordan in 2020 were cereals (34.3%), ferrous metals (20.3%), fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (18.1%).

The Ukrainian import from Jordan consisted mainly of different ready-made products (30%), mineral fertilizers (27.5%) and pharmaceuticals (19.7%).

Bilateral trade in services:

In 2020, the trade turnover of services between Ukraine and Jordan amounted to 5.256 mln. USD.

Investment cooperation:

According to the National Bank of Ukraine as of March 31, 2021, direct investments from Jordan to Ukraine amounted to 16.4 mln. USD.

As of March 31, 2021, Ukraine hadn’t invested to the economy of Jordan.

The existing bilateral high-level bodies:

Joint Ukrainian-Jordanian Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation. Two sessions of the Commission were held in 2005 and 2012.

6. The Ukrainian community in Jordan:

The number of members of the Ukrainian community in Jordan amounts to around 5 thousand people. As of August 16, 2021 164 citizens of Ukraine are registered in the consular register of the Embassy of Ukraine in Jordan. Ukrainians in Jordan reside mainly in the largest cities: Amman, Irbid, Zarqa, Madaba, Aqaba, Karak.

The year of 2016 saw foundation of a non-governmental organization “Ukrainian House in Jordan” which has a self-titled cultural center where the children have an opportunity to study the Ukrainian language and culture.

7. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan 

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Kenya

1. Date of the recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: May 5, 1993

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: May 5, 1993

3. Political relations:

December 1, 2016 – Ukraine and Kenya held the First Round of Bilateral Political Consultations.

March 20-24, 2017 – The delegation of the Committee on Budget and Appropriation of the National Assembly of Kenya paid a working visit to Ukraine.

November 27-28, 2017 – State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine paid a visit to Kenya in order to take part in the official inauguration of the President of the Republic of Kenya.

May 21-23, 2018 – an official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of Kenya.

May 13-15, 2019 – the official visit of the National Assembly Speaker of Kenya to Ukraine.

September 7, 2021 – Ukraine and Kenya held the Second Round of Bilateral Political Consultations.

4. Trade and Economic relations between Ukraine and Kenya:

In 2020 bilateral trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Kenya amounted to 92,1 million USD. Exports from Ukraine to Kenya totaled 77,95 million USD, (increased in 12.6% compared to 2019), imports – 12,94 million USD (increased in 37.9% compared to 2019). The positive balance for Ukraine amounted to 65,01 million USD.

The main articles of exports from Ukraine to Kenya are: ferrous metals (54,4%), cereals (23.8%), oil seeds and fruits (10,9%), animal or vegetable fats and oils (4,8 %), vegetables (2,7%).

The main articles of imports from Kenya to Ukraine are: coffee and tea (48,3%), edible fruits and nuts (29.6%), live trees and other plants (8,9%), tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes (7.4%).

The bilateral trade in services in 2020 amounted to 1,2 million USD, with a positive balance for Ukraine of 376,000 USD.

The main categories of exports of services are: travel-related services (56,2%), services in the field of telecommunication, computer, information and IT (10,1%).

Imports from Kenya were based on business services (80.1%)

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Kenya amounted to 29,54 million USD.

5. Cooperation in the area of education:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 132 citizens of Kenya are studying in Ukraine.

6. Bilateral agreements:

1.Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Kenya (May 5, 1993);

2. Memorandum of Understanding on Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kenya (December 1, 2004);

3. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Kenya pursuant to article 83 bis of the Convention on International Civil Aviation concerning the division of roles and responsibilities regarding aviation safety oversight (August 25, 2006).

7. Ukrainian community79 citizens of Ukraine live in Kenya

8. Diplomatic mission: https://kenya.mfa.gov.ua/en

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the State of Kuwait

Recognition of Ukraine: 18 April 1993.

Establishment of diplomatic relations: 18 April 1993.

Political relations

During the history of bilateral relations, the Presidents of Ukraine paid two official visits to Kuwait (in 2003 and 2018).

The visit of the Prime Minister of Ukraine to Kuwait was held in 1993. Official delegations led by the Deputy Prime Ministers of Ukraine visited Kuwait in 2013 and 2018.

Foreign Ministers of Ukraine visited Kuwait with official / working visits in 2002, 2011 and 2018, while the Minister of foreign affairs of Kuwait visited Ukraine only once (in 2004).

In November 2016 and February 2018, political consultations between the foreign ministries of Ukraine and Kuwait at the level of the Deputy Ministers of Foreign Affairs were held in Kyiv and Kuwait respectively.

Trade and economic cooperation

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine the trade turnover between Ukraine and the State of Kuwait in 2020 amounted to 37 million USD. During the period of 7 months in 2021 the trade turnover amounted to 17,54 million USD: export – 16.69 million USD, import – 0.85 million USD. The surplus for Ukraine during this period amounted to 15.84 million USD.

In November 2018 the 4th meeting of Ukrainian-Kuwaiti Intergovernmental Commission on Economic, Technical and Trade Cooperation took place in Kuwait.

Cultural and humanitarian cooperation

In recent years, a number of important cultural and humanitarian events took place in Kuwait, including a performance by the chamber orchestra of the Tchaikovsky National Music Academy of Ukraine (January, 2013), an exhibition of Petrykivka paintings (May, 2013), a performance of the Viriovka National Choir (August, 2015), performances of Virsky National Academic Dance Ensemble of Ukraine (January, 2019), concerts of the “Kyiv-Classic” Symphony Orchestra directed by Herman Makarenko and Ukrainian pianist and composer Yevhen Khmara (January, 2020) etc.

On January 19-24, 2020, for the first time in the history of bilateral relations in Kuwait, a large-scale promotion event called "Week of Ukraine in Kuwait" took place.

Bilateral agreements

The legal framework of Ukrainian-Kuwaiti relations consists of 16 bilateral documents. The most important of them are:

Agreement on cooperation in economic and technical fields (2001);

Agreement on cooperation in the sphere of protecting mutual investments (2003);

Agreement on the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income and on capital (2004);

Air service agreement (2014).

10 draft documents are under the consideration of the parties.

Ukrainian community

Nearly 700 citizens of Ukraine temporarily and permanently reside in Kuwait. The Public Union of Ukrainian-Kuwaiti Friendship was created in January 2012. The Friday school of Ukrainian language has been functioning at the Embassy since 2013.

Visa regime

Since August 1, 2020, the citizens of Kuwait enjoy a visa-free regime for entering Ukraine. The citizens of Ukraine have the possibility to get Kuwaiti visas upon arrival at the airport.

Diplomatic missions: Embassy of Ukraine in the State of Kuwait.

Relations between Ukraine and Lebanon

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 30, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: December 14, 1992.

3. Political relations:

High-level dialogue:

April 22-23, 2002 - official visit of the President of Ukraine Mr. Leonid Kuchma to Lebanon.

July 8-9, 2003 - official visit of the President of Lebanon Mr. Emil Lahud to Ukraine.

December 7-8, 2011- official visit of the Prime Minister of Ukraine to Beirut.

Dialogue between Ministries of Foreign Affairs:

October 17-18, 2010 - official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Mr. Gryshchenko to Beirut.

November 29, 2014 – meeting of the Foreign Minister of Ukraine Mr. Pavlo Klimkin with his Lebanese counterpart Gebran Bassil on the sidelines of the 15th Francophonie Summit (Dakar, Senegal).

Recent contacts at the level of inter-parliamentary cooperation:

December 8-12, 2017 - working visit to Lebanon of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine group on Inter-Parliamentary Relations with the Lebanese Republic.

February 6 - 9, 2018 and February 5 - 8, 2019 - visits to Ukraine of the delegation of the parliamentary commission of the Lebanese-Ukrainian friendship of the National Assembly of the Lebanese Republic.

May 21-24, 2019 - a working visit to Lebanon of the delegation of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine group on interparliamentary relations with the Lebanese Republic.

Bilateral high-level state bodies:

Ukrainian-Lebanese Intergovernmental Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation. Two joint sessions were held in 2010 and 2011.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

Trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine and the Republic of Lebanon for the past five years is characterized by positive dynamics for Ukraine.

Ukraine continues to maintain the absolute surplus in bilateral trade, which on average is 99% of total trade.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in January-May 2021, the total trade turnover between Ukraine and Lebanon amounted to 172.4 million USD. At the same time, our state exported goods to Lebanon at the amount of 171.2 million USD (+ 17.2% compared to the same period in 2020). Imports of Lebanese goods to Ukraine are estimated at 1.2 million USD (-37 % compared to January-May 2020).

Ukraine's trade surplus is $ 170 million. USA.

Trade turnover in services in the first quarter of 2021 amounted to about $ 2 million. USA. Ukraine exported services worth about $ 1.8 million to Lebanon. USA (+78.3% compared to the first quarter of 2020). At the same time, Lebanon provided services to Ukraine in the amount of 20 thousand dollars. USA (-17.7% compared to the same period last year).

Ukraine's trade surplus in services is $ 1.6 million. USA.

The main export goods of Ukraine are cereals (48.3%), metal, fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (19.6%), seeds and fruits of oilseeds (3 , 6%).

According to the National Bank of Ukraine as of March 31, 2021, Lebanon's total investment in the Ukrainian economy is $ 16.4 million USD.

5.  Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

The Embassy of Ukraine with the support of the Ukrainian community holds the annual Shevchenko Days, presentations of Ukrainian books at the International Arab Book Fair in Beirut, the Festival of Ukrainian Culture in the cities of Duma, Beirut, Byblos, Zahle, Tripoli, Saida, concerts of Ukrainian performers and creative groups, festivals of Ukrainian cinema in Lebanon, the Day of Ukrainian Literature and Language in Byblos, music festivals on the occasion of St. Nicholas Day.

In 2017 a Ukrainian park was opened near the Embassy of Ukraine in Lebanon, where in 2020 a memorial plaque with an Arabic translation of the T.Shevtshenko "Testament" by the prominent Lebanese writer M. Nuayme was put. A monument to Taras Shevchenko is planned to be erected in the park in 2021.

During 2017-2019 with the support of the Embassy were translated into Arabic and were published: I. Franko’s collection “Withered Leaves”, the book “Beirut Stories” and poetry collection “Palm Branch” of A. Krymsky, the popular science publication “History of Ukraine. Short Course" of  O. Paliy, the Ukrainian-Arabic dictionary (Yurko Kocherzhinsky, Ali Subkh), the book "Ukrainian Lebanon" by Ambassador of Ukraine I. Ostash in Ukrainian and Arabic.  

In 2021 the first volume of L. Ukrainka's prose works, V. Hryhorovych-Barsky's “Travels to the Holy Places of the East”, a reprint edition of the Gospel in Arabic for the Patriarchate of Antioch sponsored by I.Mazepa in Arabic were published.

6. Scientific and educational cooperation

One of the principal lines of bilateral scientific and technical cooperation is establishment of links among universities in Ukraine and Lebanon.

7. Bilateral Agreements:

Number of bilateral agreements in force: 23.

Key Documents: Agreement on the Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments, Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation, Convention on Avoidance of Double Taxation and Prevention of Fiscal Evasion with Respect to Taxes on Income and Capital.

8. Ukrainian community:

There are around 5 000 Ukrainians living in Lebanon. Most of the Ukrainian citizens in Lebanon are wives of the Lebanese citizens and children from the mixed marriages.

9. Diplomatic missions: Embassy of Ukraine in Lebanon (since 1995).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Lesotho

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: January 24, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 1, 2000

3. Political relations: there are no contacts at the highest level.

There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the results of 2020, bilateral trade in goods was represented only by imports - 7.3 thousand USD, which by 80.4% consisted of electrical machinery and equipment and parts thereof, apparel and clothing accessories, knitted or crocheted (10.6%), as well as machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers, parts thereof (9%).

There is no trade in services.

There is no investment cooperation.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: in 2020, according to the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, 3 students from Lesotho studied in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none

7. Legal framework: none

8. Ukrainian community: none

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of South Africa.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Liberia

1. Recognition of Ukraine: September 24, 1998.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 24, 1998 by signing the relevant Protocol to the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of both countries in New York.

3. Political cooperation:

July 16, 2015 - phone conversation between the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Liberia.

November 27, 2018 - phone conversation between the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Liberia.

4. Trade and economic relations:

In 2020 Ukrainian exports increased by 21,5% to 9,48 million USD if compared to the previous year. The positive trade balance is 9,45 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of Liberia in 2020: dairy produce, birds’ eggs, natural honey (58,0%), meat and edible meat offal (25,1%), iron and steel (10,1%).

In January-June 2021 Ukrainian exports decreased by 4,9% to 5,11 million USD if compared to the respective period of the previous year. The positive trade balance is 5,11 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of Liberia in January-June 2021: ferrous metals (51,9%); meat and edible meat offal (19,7%); milk and dairy products, birds’ eggs (14,5%); miscellaneous edible preparations (3,8%); animal or vegetable fats and oils (2,9%); preparations of meat or fish (2,7%).

The positive trade balance is 5,11 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, in 2019-2020 academic year 54 students from Liberia studied in Ukraine.

6. Science and technical cooperation: practically absent.

7. The contractual and legal framework:

Key documents: Joint Communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Liberia (September 24, 1998) and the Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine and the Bureau of Maritime Affairs of the Republic of Liberia on the recognition of seafarers' certificates (January 25, 2002).

8. Ukrainian diaspora: not numerous.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Senegal.

Since 2019, the Honorary Consulate of Ukraine has been functioning in Monrovia.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the State of Libya

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 3, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: March 17, 1992.

3. Political relations: 

2003 - State Visit of the President of Ukraine to Libya;

2004 - Visit to Ukraine of the Secretary of the Supreme People’s Committee (Prime Minister) of Libya;

2008 - Official Visit of the President of Ukraine to Libya;

2008 - State Visit to Ukraine of the leader of the Libyan revolution M. Gaddafi;

2009 - two official visits of the Prime Minister of Ukraine to Libya;

2010 - meeting of foreign ministers on the sidelines of the 65th session of the UN General Assembly in New York;

2010 - Official Visit of the Prime Minister of Ukraine to Libya;

2011 - meeting of the President of Ukraine with the Chairman of the National Transitional Council of Libya on the sidelines of the 66th session of the UN General Assembly in New York;

2012 and 2013 - meetings of foreign ministers on the sidelines of the sessions of the UN General Assembly in New York;

2013 - Visit of the Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine to Libya;

2015 - telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the State of Libya;

April 21, 2020 - telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Libya.

29 July 2021 - telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Prime Minister of the Government of National Unity of Libya.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

Ukrainian-Libyan trade in goods and services in 2020 amounted to 371.3 million US dollars (114.4% compared to 2019). The trade in 2020 amounted to 369.8 million US dollars, of which Ukrainian exports amounted to 327.8 million US dollars (103.5% compared to 2019). Imports from Libya amounted to 42 million US dollars (1347.1% of 2019). Bilateral trade in services in 2020 amounted to 1.4 million US dollars of which Ukrainian exports amounted to 0.8 million US dollars (31.7% of 2019), imports from Libya - to 0.6 million US dollars (268.8%).

5. Legal framework:

Number of valid bilateral documents - 34 (conventions, agreements, memoranda).

Key documents: Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation, Agreement on Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments, Agreement on Military and Technical Cooperation, Agreement on Mutual Recognition of Documents on Education and Scientific Degrees, Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology, Agreement on Cooperation on Labor Matters and Employment, Consular Convention.

6. Ukrainian community: 

There is no organized Ukrainian diaspora in Libya. About 1,000 Ukrainian citizens work under private contracts, almost all of them are involved in the medical field.

7. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine:

The Embassy of Ukraine in Libya has been functioning since 1999. Due to the aggravation of the security situation in Libya, the Embassy was evacuated to Tunisia in February 2015.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Madagascar

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: March 4, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 10, 1993

3. Political relations: November 20-27, 2016 - working visit to Madagascar by the Director of the Middle East and Africa Department as a personal representative of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to participate in the 99th Permanent Council of Francophonie and the 32nd Ministerial Conference of the International Organization of Francophonie.

There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods amounted to 2.37 million USD and decreased compared to the same period in 2019 by 31.4%. At the same time, exports of goods from Ukraine to Madagascar amounted to almost 1.05 million USD (a decrease of almost 2.3 times), and imports of goods from Madagascar to Ukraine - 1.33 million USD (an increase of 22.1%). The negative balance for Ukraine for this period is equal to 281.6 thousand USD.

There is no trade in services.

There is no investment cooperation.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: in 2020, according to the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, 19 Malagasy students studied in higher educational institutions of Ukraine.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none

7. Legal framework: in the process of formation.

8. Ukrainian community: none

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of South Africa.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Malawi

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: December 22, 1998

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: December 22, 1998

3. Political relations: 

Neither high-level bilateral contacts nor the body between Ukraine and Malawi were established.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to 68.78 million USD. Exports of goods totaled 71,9 thousand USD (decreased in 93,6% compared to 2019), imports – 68,71 million USD (decreased in 81.3% compared to 2019). The negative balance for Ukraine amounted to 68,63 million USD.

The main articles of the Ukrainian exports are: milk, dairy products, eggs, natural honey (64,1%), boilers and machinery (29,6%).

The main articles of imports from Malawi are: tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes (100%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Malawi amounted to 9,6 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 10 citizens of Malawi are studying at the Higher educational establishments in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and Technical cooperation:

The Scientific and Technical cooperation between Ukraine and Malawi is at an early stage of development.

7. Bilateral agreements:

Joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Malawi (December 22, 1998).

8. The Ukrainian community in Malawi: no citizens of Ukraine in Malawi stay on Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya. 

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Malawi belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Mali

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: January 24, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: November 5, 1992.

3. Political dialogue:

There have been no official visits since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the countries.

There is no inter-parliamentary cooperation and high-level bilateral bodies (headed by presidents or prime ministers).

On December 13-16, 2011 in the framework of the visit of the Ambassador of Ukraine to Algeria (non-resident to the Republic of Mali) to Mali for the purpose of presenting of letters of credence, meetings were held with the President of Mali A.Touré, Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation S.Maiga, Deputy Chief of General Staff B.Bamba. In February 2012, a delegation from “Ukrspetsexport” visited Mali to implement the agreements reached during this visit.

On July 9-10, 2015, during the participation in the "Croatian Forum" (Dubrovnik), the First Deputy Minister for foreign affairs of Ukraine N.Halibarenko held a meeting with the Minister for foreign affairs and international cooperation of the Republic of Mali A.Diop.

On January 9, 2019, the Decree of the President of Ukraine №6/2019 “On dispatching of National Personnel for Ukraine's Participation in the UN Multidisciplinary Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali” was adopted. Currently, 9 officers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are serving in Mali.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the State statistics service of Ukraine, in 2020 bilateral trade in goods between Ukraine and Mali reached 17 million USD (+ 2.57 % as to the year 2019).

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Mali during January-May 2021 reached 14.8 million USD.

Exports of goods during this period amounted to 13.8 million USD (216.7 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

Main commodity items: ferrous metals - 11 million 067 thousand USD (183.2 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020), nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery - 1.9 million USD (3371.7 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020), meat and edible offal - 125.2 thousand USD (156.6 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

Imports of goods during this period amounted to 883.6 thousand USD (170.0% compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

Structure: edible fruits and nuts, optical devices and apparatus, electric machines, aircraft.

The balance of trade in goods during January-May 2021 was positive for Ukraine and amounted to 12.9 million USD.

The overall trade in services during the first quarter of 2021 reached 49.5 thousand USD.

Exports of services amounted to 49.5 thousand USD (456.5% compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

Investments from Mali to Ukraine and from Ukraine to Mali were not identified.

5. Legal framework: there are no valid bilateral agreements.

6. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in Algeria (area of responsibility).

Bilateral relations between Ukraineand the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

1. Recognition of Ukraine: September 30, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 30, 1992

3. Political dialogue:

On October 29-31, 2018, the Head of the State Treasury Service of Ukraine T.Slyuz took part in the 12th annual symposium of the International Association of Treasury Services (Nouakchott, Mauritania).

On October 30, 2019, within the framework of the 36th session of the Ministerial Conference of the Francophonie (Principality of Monaco), a working meeting of the State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine A.Zayats with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mauritania I.Ahmed took place.

By Decree of the President of Ukraine V.Zelenskyy № 256/2021 of June 17, 2021, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Maksym Subkh was appointed as non-resident Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

Due to the growth of Ukrainian exports of ferrous metals, grains, as well as imports of fish and fish products, trade between the countries has increased 2.5 times in recent years.

The nomenclature of Ukrainian supplies to Mauritania practically reflects the general structure of Ukraine’s exports and for the last few years has the main and constant components of grain, metals and derived products, meat and edible by-products.

According to the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, foreign trade in goods in 2020 reached 48.74 million USD (-0.8 % compared to 2019).

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Mauritania in 2020 reached 49.3 million USD.

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Mauritania during January-May 2021 reached 16 million 667 thousand USD.

Exports of Ukrainian goods during January-May 2021 amounted to 15 million 352 thousand USD (128.1 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

The main items of export were: cereals - 10 million 416 thousand USD (180.6 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020), meat and edible offal - 4 million 293 thousand USD (111.0 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

Imports from Mauritania to Ukraine during January-May 2021 amounted to 1 million 115 thousand USD.

The main imports were: fish and crustaceans - 296.9 thousand USD (62.0 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020), residues and waste of the food industry - 699.2 thousand USD (83.1 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

The balance is positive, amounting to 14 million 237 thousand USD.

The volume of trade in services during the first quarter of 2021 amounted to 199 thousand USD.

Exports of services amounted to 199 thousand USD (159.7 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

Imports of services are not recorded.

The balance of trade in services during the first quarter of 2021 is positive and amounts to 199.0 thousand USD.

Taking into account significant deposits of iron ore, copper, gypsum, phosphorite in Mauritania, Ukrainian companies can participate in tenders for mining, exploration and modernization of mining equipment at iron ore and copper deposits with subsequent import.

Based on Ukraine's existing potential in various industries, Ukrainian companies can supply machinery and shipbuilding equipment for the needs of heavy industry, agriculture and fisheries in Mauritania.

On April 13, 2021, at the initiative of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Ukraine, the Chamber of Commerce and Agriculture of Mauritania, with the organizational support of the Council of Exporters and Investors at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, and the assistance of the Embassy of Ukraine in Algeria the first bilateral online-meeting between two Chambers took place. It is planned to sign the Agreement on the establishment of the Business Council.

5. Legal framework:

As of August of 2021, the legal framework between the countries consists of one document: "Agreement on Cooperation in Fisheries and Maritime Affairs" (December 4, 2003).

6. Ukrainian community:

There are up to 100 Ukrainian citizens in Mauritania, who, in particular, work in the crews of fishing vessels within the Mauritanian economic zone.

Many graduates of Ukrainian higher education institutions work in various sectors of the Mauritanian economy, scientific and educational institutions.

7. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

From year 2020, Ukraine's interests in Mauritania are represented by the Embassy of Ukraine in Algeria.

The Honorary Consul of Ukraine in Nouakchott is Ms. Hadi Fal N'Bayrik (since July 2006).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Mauritius

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: June 8, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: October 12, 1992

3. Political relations: September 30, 1997 - Meeting of the Chairman of the 52nd Session of the UN General Assembly, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Mauritius in New York.

There are no contacts at the highest level.

There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the results of 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods amounted to 5.69 million USD and increased compared to the same period in 2019 by almost 2.1 times. At the same time, exports of goods from Ukraine to Mauritius amounted to 4.9 million USD (an increase of 2.5 times), and imports of goods from Mauritius to Ukraine - 786.7 thousand USD (growth by 8.3%). The positive balance for Ukraine for this period is equal to 4.11 million USD.

Exports are mainly represented by animal or vegetable fats and oils- $ 3.94 million USD (growth almost 4 times), edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers - 1.15 million USD (an increase of 1.4 times), as well as residues and waste from the food industries- 301.4 thousand USD.

The main import items were apparel and clothing accessories, not knitted or crocheted - 256.2 thousand USD (19% decrease); preparations of meat, of fish - 228.1 thousand USD (3.7 times growth); sugars and sugar confectionery - 185.2 thousand USD (a decrease of 12.9%).

Exports of services in 2020 amounted to 807.1 thousand USD (decrease by 2.7%), imports - 461.0 thousand USD (decrease by almost 4 times).

There is no investment cooperation.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: in 2020, according to the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, 7 Mauritian students studied in higher educational institutions of Ukraine.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none.

7. Legal framework: protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Mauritius of October 12, 1992

8. Ukrainian community: 105 citizens of Ukraine live in Mauritius. There are no public associations and organizations of ethnic Ukrainians in the country.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of South Africa.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Morocco

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 30, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 22, 1992.

3. Political relations:

2003 - meeting at the level of Heads of State on the sidelines of international multilateral meetings.

2017 - meeting of the First Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine with the Deputy Chairman of the House of Representatives of the Kingdom of Morocco (Kyiv).

September 17, 2020 - telephone conversation of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Kingdom of Morocco.

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, 10 rounds of political consultations have been held between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of both countries.

Parliamentary friendship groups have been established in the Parliaments of both countries.

4. Trade and economic cooperation

Morocco is one of the top five importers of Ukrainian goods and exporters of its goods to Ukraine among African countries.

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods amounted to 464.873 million USD, including Ukrainian exports to Morocco - 372.965 million USD and imports of Moroccan goods to Ukraine - 91.908 million USD, positive balance - 281.057 million USD.

Main items of Ukrainian exports to Morocco are cereals (68.8%), ferroalloys and rolled steel, presscake, exhausted cossettes, vegetable oil and butter.

In 2020, the volume of trade in services amounted to 20.737 million USD: Ukrainian exports of services amounted to 20.428 million USD. The main export services by Ukrainian companies are travel services (98%), as well as telecommunications services, computer and information services (0.4%), transport services (0.2%) and business services (0.2%).

5. Legal framework: consists of 19 documents, 3 of which did not enter into force yet (pending ratification by the the Moroccan Parliament).

Key agreements: Convention on the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion toward taxes on income and on capital; Agreement on promotion and mutual protection of investments.

6. Public diplomacyThe basis for further development of bilateral cultural and humanitarian cooperation is the Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco on cooperation in the field of culture (signed in 2009). Within the framework of this Agreement, Ukrainian artists and on-stage performance groups regularly take part in international festivals in Morocco.

There are 14 agreements on cooperation between higher education institutions of the two countries.

Ukrainian higher education has a high reputation in Morocco. In the 2020-21 academic year 8,832 Moroccan students have been studying in Ukraine. Moroccan students are the second largest foreign student community and the largest community among the students from Arab and African countries in Ukraine.

7. Regional cooperation:

In 2017 the Agreement on trade, economic, scientific, technical and cultural cooperation between the Zaporizhia Regional State Administration and the Council of the Oriental Region of the Kingdom of Morocco was signed.

In 2019 the Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between Odessa and Marrakesh was signed.

8. Ukrainian community: The Ukrainian community in Morocco numbers over a thousand people. Most citizens of Ukraine live in Rabat and Sale, as well as in Casablanca, Fes, Agadir, Marrakech and Oujda. Since 2020, there is an online Ukrainian language school, which enrolls more than 20 children.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: The Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Morocco was opened in Rabat in 2000.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Mozambique

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: March 17, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: August 19, 1993

3. Political relations: July 1999 - Meeting of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Mozambique within the framework of the 35th UAE Summit.

2003 - Meeting of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Mozambique within the framework of the 58th session of the UN General Assembly, New York.

There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the results of 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods amounted to 36.45 million USD and increased compared to the same period in 2019 by 1.8 times. At the same time, exports of goods from Ukraine to Mozambique amount to $ 27.15 million USD (an increase of 2.2 times), and imports of goods from Mozambique to Ukraine - 9.29 million USD (an increase of 17.2%). The positive balance for Ukraine for this period reaches $ 17.86 million USD.

Ukrainian exports mainly consisted of cereals - 21.17 million USD (an increase of 3.9 times), products of the milling industry - 3.27 million USD (decrease by 4.9%), animal or vegetable fats and oils - 2.03 million USD (decrease by 37.8%).

In the structure of imports, the main positions are: tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes - 8.52 million USD (growth by 23.8%), salt; sulphur; earths and stone - 283.5 thousand USD (2.2 times decrease).

There is no trade in services.

There is no investment cooperation.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

In 2020, according to the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, 5 students from Mozambique studied in higher educational institutions of Ukraine.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none.

7. Legal framework:

1. Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Mozambique (August 19, 1993),

2. Protocol on political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of the Republic of Mozambique (February 12, 2004).

8. Ukrainian community:

About 100 citizens of Ukraine live in Mozambique. There are no public associations and organizations of ethnic Ukrainians in the country.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of South Africa.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Namibia

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: December 30, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: October 5, 1992

3. Political relations:

September 2000 - Meeting of the Presidents of Ukraine and Namibia within the framework of the UN Millennium Summit, New York;

September 21 and October 14, 1999, September 26, 2012 - Meetings of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Namibia, New York;

October 11, 2012 - political consultations at the level of Deputy Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Namibia, Windhoek, Namibia;

July 2015 - Meeting of the First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Deputy Prime Minister - Minister for Foreign Affairs of Namibia in the framework of the 10th International Forum "Croatia Forum 2015" (Dubrovnik, July 9-11, 2015).

There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation

According to the results of 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods amounted to 358.3 thousand USD and decreased compared to the same period in 2019 by 2.6 times. At the same time, exports of goods from Ukraine to Namibia amount to 316.3 thousand USD (a decrease of 2.3 times), and imports of goods from Namibia to Ukraine - 42.0 thousand USD (4.7 times decrease). The positive balance for Ukraine for this period is equal to 274.3 thousand USD.

Ukrainian exports mainly consisted of pharmaceutical products - 133.5 thousand USD (growth by 27%); mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation - 113.0 thousand USD (1.7 times decrease); meat and edible meat offal - 41.9 thousand USD (7.4 times decrease); sugars and sugar confectionery - 10.7 thousand USD (in 2019, exports did not take place).

In the structure of imports, the main items were fish and crustaceans - 21.9 thousand USD (in 2019, imports did not take place); edible fruit and nuts - 16.0 thousand USD (2.5 times decrease).

Exports of services decreased by 30.4% and amounted to 400.9 thousand USD.

There is no investment cooperation.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

In 2020, according to the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, 114 Namibian students studied in the universities of Ukraine.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none.

7. Legal framework:

1. Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Namibia of October 5, 1992;

2. Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Namibia dated September 26, 2012.

8. Ukrainian community:

About 40 Ukrainian citizens live in Namibia, most of whom are doctors

9.Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: the Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of South Africa.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Niger

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: October 1, 1999.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: October 1, 1999.

3. Political relations:

June 18, 2021 - Meeting of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmytro Kuleba and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Niger Hassumi Massaoudou on the sidelines of the Antalya Diplomatic Forum.

4. Trade and economic cooperation

In 2020, the total trade turnover between Ukraine and Niger amounted to 471.6 thousand USD: exports of goods from Ukraine to Niger - 457.3 thousand USD, imports of goods from Niger to Ukraine - 14.3 thousand USD (increased by 155.5% as compared to 2019). The balance of trade in goods during 2020 is positive for Ukraine and amounted to 443 thousand USD.

The main items of Ukrainian exports to Niger are ferrous metals, meat, edible offal, other food products.

5. Legal framework: There are no current agreements between Ukraine and the Republic of Niger.

6. Ukrainian community is absent in Niger.

7. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Ukraine in Niger is represented by the Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Morocco (except for consular matters which are administered by the Embassy of Ukraine in Algeria).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Federal Republic of Nigeria

1. Nigeria recognized Ukraine on 11 March 1992.

2. Date of establishing of diplomatic relations: 10 December 1992.

3. Political relations:

September 2000: meeting between the President of Ukraine and the President of Nigeria during the UN Millennium Summit in New York.

September 2007: meeting between the President of Ukraine and the President of Nigeria in the framework of the 62nd Session of the UN General Assembly.

23-25 November 1997: Ukrainian Government Delegation, headed by the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, visited Nigeria to hold the first round of the political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs.

23-26 May 2006: Nigerian Government Delegation, headed by the State Minister for Foreign Affairs of Nigeria, visited Ukraine.

2-3 September 2008: the First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine visited Nigeria.

27 September 2011: second round of bilateral political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Nigeria at the level of Deputy Ministers (Kyiv, Ukraine).

1 March 2016: meeting between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Nigeria in the framework of High-Level Segment of the 31st Session of the UN Human Rights Council (Geneva, Switzerland).

25 May 2016: third round of bilateral political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Nigeria at the level of Deputy Ministers (Abuja, Nigeria).

5 April 2018: meeting between the Deputy Minister for Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine – Trade Representative of Ukraine with the Vice-President of Nigeria.

16 July 2021: telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Nigeria.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 86.2 million USD. Export of goods amounted to 69.31 million USD, which is by 56.8% less than in 2019, import amounted to 3.48 million USD, which is by 14.5% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine was 65.83 million USD.

The main items of Ukrainian export: ferrous metals (81.5%), products of ferrous metals (6.8%), sugar and confectionery (5.0%), foodstuffs (2.2%), alcoholic and soft beverages and vinegar (1.4%).

The main items of import from Nigeria: caoutchouc and rubber (40.9%), seeds and fruits of oil plants (26.3%), plastic products and polymer materials (22.2%), coffee and tea (3.5%), edible fruits and nuts (3.1%), electric machines (1.2%).

In January-May 2021 the volume of trade in goods between the countries amounted to 55.1 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: 

According to the information of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 4,379 nationals of Nigeria study in Ukrainian universities (as of 2020).

6. Legal basis: 

1. Protocol on establishing diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Federal Republic of Nigeria dated 10.12.1992.

2. Protocol on consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and of the Federal Republic of Nigeria dated 12.10.1998.

3. Memorandum of Understanding between the State Financial Monitoring Committee of Ukraine and the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission of the Federal Republic of Nigeria concerning cooperation in the sphere of countering legalization (laundry) of criminal incomes and terrorism financing dated 17.10.2007.

4. Base agreement on cooperation between the National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” and the Institute of Science and Technology, Yenagoa (Nigeria).

5. Memorandum of Understanding between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria concerning cooperation in the sphere of peaceful research and use of space (concluded in March 2019).

7. Ukrainian community: 127 nationals of Ukraine reside in Nigeria.

 8. Diplomatic representation: Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Sultanate of Oman

1. Recognition of Ukraine: May 19, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: May 19, 1992.

3. Political relations:

High-level dialogue:

April 1993 – official visit of Prime Minister of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma;

January 2002 – official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Anatoliy Zlenko;

February 2010 – official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko.

In November 2019 political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Oman were held in Muscat. In November 2020 and June 2021 Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine (CDTO) Dmytro Senik had video conferences with Under-Secretary of the Foreign Ministry of Oman for Diplomatic Affairs Khalifa Al-Harthy.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to Ukrainian statistics, in 2020 trade turnover in goods between Ukraine and the Sultanate of Oman amounted to USD 107.87 million. Ukrainian exports totaled USD 85.34 million (increased by 7.4% compared to 2019 volume), Omani imports reached USD 22.53 million (increased by 133.6%). Trade balance was USD 62.81 million in favour of Ukraine.

Ukrainian exports consisted mainly of cereals (31.9%), fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (25.5%), ferrous metals (19.4%), finished grain products (10.7%), meat and edible offal (5.3%), milk and dairy products, poultry eggs, natural honey. The bulk of Omani imports was formed by plastics & polymeric materials (93.9%), inorganic chemicals (5%), pharmaceuticals, and stone, gypsum, cement.

In December 2018, the first export mission of Ukrainian producers of goods was sent to Oman. In April and October 2019 Ukrainian Chamber of Commerce and Industry hosted two Ukrainian – Omani business fora. Sultanate's businessmen visited Rivne and Kyiv regions of Ukraine.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

In 2017 Ukrainian magazine of foreign literature "Vsesvit", in cooperation with the Cultural Club of the Sultanate of Oman, published an issue devoted solely to Omani literature.

In 2019, the Institute of Philology of Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University hosted the 4-th International Conference on the History of Arabic Literature, participated by famous Omani writer, winner of The Man Booker International Prize 2019 J. Al-Harty as the guest of honor.

Bilateral cooperation in the field of healthcare has significant potential for further expansion.

6. Bilateral agreements:

The legal framework of bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Sultanate of Oman includes 4 documents: Joint Communiqué on establishment of diplomatic relations, Memorandum on bilateral consultations between the ministries of foreign affairs, Agreement on reciprocal promotion and protection of investments, Memorandum between the national chambers of commerce and industry.

7. Ukrainian community:

About 2 thousand Ukrainian citizens live in the Sultanate of Oman, engaged mostly in the fields of tourism, hospitality, sports, education and trade.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Palestine

1. Recognition of Ukraine: February 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: November 2, 2001 (when the Embassy of Palestine was opened in Kyiv).

3. Political relations:

High-level official contacts 

November 1996 – a visit of President of Ukraine to Palestine.

April 1999 – a visit of Head of Palestine to Ukraine.

January 2000 – a working visit of President of Ukraine to Palestine for participation in the celebration of the 2000th anniversary of Christianity (Bethlehem).

November 2007 – a visit of President of Ukraine to Palestine.

Dialogue at the level of Foreign Ministries

May 28, 2012 – Special Representative of Ukraine for the Middle East and Africa visited Palestine; the first round of political consultations between the Foreign Ministries.

September 25, 2014 – a meeting between the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Palestine in the framework of the 69th session of the UN General Assembly in New York.

April 14-15, 2016 – Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Palestine visited Ukraine; the second round of bilateral political consultations.

June 11-12, 2018 – Director General for the Middle East and Africa of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine visited Palestine; the third round of political consultations.

4. The legal base of the Ukrainian-Palestinian relations:

Memorandum on cooperation in the sphere of agriculture between the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine and Ministry of Agriculture of Palestine (2013).

Memorandum on cooperation between O.O.Bogomolets National Medical University (Kyiv) and Ministry of Health of Palestine (2013).

5. Trade cooperation between Ukraine and Palestine:

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in 2020 the trade turnover of goods between Ukraine and Palestine amounted to 26.3 mln. USD. The Ukrainian exports to Palestine amounted to 26.3 mln. USD, the Palestinian imports to Ukraine amounted to 0.001 mln. USD.

The main Ukrainian export products to Palestine in 2020 were fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (32.7%), products of the flour and cereal industry (31.0%); sugar and sugar confectionery (14.2%), finished grain products (7.5%).

In 2020, the trade turnover of services between Ukraine and Palestine amounted to 1.2 mln. USD (exports from Ukraine – 1.1 mln. USD, imports from Palestine – 0.09 mln. USD).

In September 2018 a delegation of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Hebron, an industrial and business center of Palestine, visited Kyiv in order to expand trade and economic cooperation, where a Ukrainian-Palestinian business forum took place.

6. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Cooperation in the field of education began during the Soviet era, and in total about 3,000 Palestinians were educated in Ukrainian universities. Most of them returned home and successfully work in various sectors, including in high positions (for example, Ministers of Communications and Information Technology, Health, and Economy of Palestine at various times). Association of Palestinian alumni of Ukrainian universities operates in Ramallah.

According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education, 523 Palestinian students studied in Ukrainian higher education institutions in 2020.

During 2015-2020, six groups of Ukrainian gifted children visited Palestine to give concerts in major Palestinian cities. The trips were organized by International Charitable Foundation "Sunflower". In April 2016, the Day of Palestine’s Culture was organized in Kyiv.

In April 2018, a delegation of the Palestinian Women's Association made a trip to Ukraine, and in September 2018, a delegation of the Kyiv Association of Veterans of the Afghan War visited Palestine.

Within the framework of trips to the Holy Land, about 150,000 Ukrainian citizens visit the Christian sites in the Palestinian territories annually.

7. The Ukrainian community in Palestine:

More than 3,600 Ukrainian citizens live now in Palestine, the majority of whom are Ukrainian women, married with Palestinians, and their children. There are no Ukrainian public organizations in Palestine.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Representative Office of Ukraine to the Palestinian National Authority

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the State of Qatar

1. Date of the recognition of Ukraine by the State of Qatar – April 13, 1993.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 13, 1993.

3. Political dialogue at the top level.

Contacts at the level of Heads of State and Government:

October 19-20, 2011 - visit of the Amir of the State of Qatar Sheikh Hamad Al Thani to Ukraine.

May 8-9, 2012 - the official visit of the Prime Minister of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

November 27-28, 2012 - the first official visit of the President of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

September 19, 2016 - meeting of the President of Ukraine with the Amir of Qatar in the framework of 71st session of the UN General Assembly.

March 19-20, 2018 - official visit of the President of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

May 6, 2020 - phone conversation between President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy and Amir of Qatar Sheikh Tamim Al Thani.

April 4-5, 2021 - official visit of President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy to the State of Qatar.

Contacts at the level of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of both countries (level of ministers and deputy ministers):

January 2002 - official visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

March 2009 - first round of political consultations between the Foreign Ministries of Ukraine and Qatar (Kyiv).

January 2011 - official visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

February 13, 2016 - meeting between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Deputy Prime Minister, Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Qatar in the framework of the Munich Security Conference. 

May 14-15, 2017 - participation of the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine in the 17th edition of Doha Forum.

September 7, 2017 - working visit of the Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the State of Qatar Ahmad Al-Hammadi to Ukraine.

September 20, 2017 - meeting between the Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and the State of Qatar in the framework of the 72nd Session of the UN General Assembly.

October 4, 2017 - working visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

April 15, 2019 - second round of the political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Qatar (Kyiv).

March 31, 2020 - phone conversation between the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Qatar.

May 7, 2020 - phone conversation between the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Qatar.

February 28, 2021 - third round of the political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Qatar (Doha).

June 6, 2021 - phone conversation between the First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and State Minister for Foreign Affairs of the State of Qatar/

June 19, 2021 - meeting between the First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Assistant Foreign Minister and Spokesperson for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the State of Qatar.

Bilateral visits at the level of relevant ministers over the recent years:

January 27-28, 2018 - working visit of the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

July 30-31, 2018 - working visit of the Minister of Transport and Communications of the State of Qatar to Ukraine.

October 30 - November 1, 2018 - visit of the Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine to the State of Qatar to participate in the 12th International Security Exhibition "Millipol Qatar 2018".

November 14-15, 2018 - official visit of the First Vice Prime Minister, Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

February 18-19, 2019 - working visit of the Minister of Finance of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

January 30-31, 2020 - working visit of the Minister of Transport and Communications of the State of Qatar to Ukraine.

February 17-19, 2020 - working visit of the Minister of Infrastructure of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

March 13-17, 2021 - visit of the Minister of Internal Affairs of Ukraine to the State of Qatar.

June 12-18, 2021 – visit of the delegation of the Ministry of Interior of the State of Qatar to Ukraine to participate in the 17th International exhibition “Arms and Security”.

Interparliamentary dialogue:

April 2015 - visit of the parliamentary group of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on interparliamentary relations with the State of Qatar to Qatar.

April 4-8, 2019 - visit of the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine to the State of Qatar to participate in the 140th Assembly of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.

December 7-11, 2019 - visit of the Ukrainian parliamentary delegation headed by the Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada Committee on Anti-Corruption Policy to the State of Qatar.

Existing high-level bilateral cooperation mechanisms: 

Joint Commission on Economic, Commercial and Technical Cooperation between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Qatar (the first session took place in Doha on November 14-15, 2018).

4. Trade and economic cooperation

Over the recent years bilateral trade between both states has been significantly increased.

In 2020, total trade volume in goods and services between Ukraine and Qatar amounted to USD 146.12 million (USD 90.22 million in 2019), which is currently the largest figures in the history of bilateral relations.


The basis of Ukrainian exports was: ferrous metals (40.4%), cereals (17.8%), fats and oils (17.7%), food industry residues (9.1%), milk and dairy products, poultry eggs (3.6%) and others. The basis of imports from Qatar to Ukraine was: plastics, polymeric materials (79.7%), organic chemical compounds (10.8%), inorganic chemicals (8.5%) and others.

During January-May 2021 the volume of export of goods from Ukraine to Qatar reached USD 90.17 million (for January-May 2020 – USD 51.08 million), import also increased and amounted to USD 5.52 million (during the same period in 2020 – USD 2.62 million). Positive balance for Ukraine during mentioned period – USD 84.65 million.

5.Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Various creative and artistic groups of Ukraine as well as famous Ukrainian athletes, representatives of the National Teams of Ukraine in different kinds of sport, who participate in international cultural and sport events, regularly visit Doha.

In January 2020, the Ukrainian Institute was granted full membership in the General Assembly of the Global Network on Public Diplomacy and established partnerships with the leading Qatari institution in this field - Katara Cultural Village.

In September 2020, a new permanent cultural and artistic platform was launched in Qatar - the virtual museum "Ukraine: Art of the New Age". Its purpose is to properly present in Qatar and acquaint the Qatari audience with modern Ukraine, the achievements of Ukrainian art and the creative work of domestic artists.

In April 2021, a Memorandum of Understanding on the launching of the Ukrainian-language audio guide in the museums of the State of Qatar was signed. The Memorandum became the first ever of its kind with a Middle East and North Africa state, and Ukrainian language will be the first foreign language, in addition to English, to be heard in the museums of the State of Qatar.

The field of tourism remains important in terms of cultural and humanitarian cooperation, since with launching direct flights between Doha and Kyiv in August 2017 and entry into force of a bilateral intergovernmental agreement on mutual abolition of visa requirements on November 2, 2018, the number of Ukrainian tourists in Qatar has increased significantly.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

Cooperation in education, science and technology between Ukraine and the State of Qatar is based on the Memorandum of Understanding between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the State of Qatar on cooperation in education and research, signed on May 8, 2012.

In 2018, a Memorandum of Understanding between Kyiv National University named after Taras Shevchenko and the Qatar University was signed. The document promote the establishment of practical cooperation between the leading educational institutions of Ukraine and Qatar, intensification of student contacts, exchange of experience between teachers and scientists, etc.

7. Legal framework:

The legal framework of the Ukrainian-Qatari relations consists of 31 bilateral documents. Key documents: Agreement on economic, trade and technical cooperation, Agreement on avoidance of double taxation and prevention of tax evasion with respect to taxes on income, Agreement on air services, Agreement on promotion and mutual protection of investments, Agreement on military-technical cooperation, Agreement on mutual abolition visa requirements.

8. Ukrainian community:

According to the latest official data, 1448 citizens of Ukraine reside in Qatar (according to expert estimations - more than 2 thousand people). Most of our compatriots come to Qatar with the aim of employment and due to the employment of their family members in Qatar.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine.

Embassy of Ukraine in the State of Qatar

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Rwanda

1. Date of recognition of Ukraine: February 7, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 8, 1993

3. Political relations: 

Ukraine views the Republic of Rwanda as an important and promising partner in the East African region.

4. Trade and Economic relations:

In 2020 bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to 2.56 million USD.

Exports of goods totaled 1,93 million USD (decreased in 27,4% compared to 2019), imports – 509,9 thousand USD (increased in 61.9% compared to 2019). The positive balance for Ukraine amounted to 1,42 million USD.

The main articles of the Ukrainian exports are: animal or vegetable fats and oils (30,3 %), ferrous metals (27,5%), products of flour and cereals industry (15.5%).

The main articles of imports from Rwanda are: coffee and tea (99,7%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Rwanda amounted to 347 thousand USD.

5. Cultural and Humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 61 citizens of Rwanda are studying in Ukraine.

6. Bilateral agreements:

The establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Rwanda by exchange of notes (September 8, 1993).

7. The Ukrainian community in Rwanda:

According to the Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya, one Ukrainian citizen resides in Rwanda.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

The Republic of Rwanda belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe 

1. Date of recognition of Ukraine: April 16, 1998

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 16, 1999

3. Political dialogue:

On October 28, 2019 in Lisbon, the Ambassador of Ukraine to the Portuguese Republic I. Ohnivets met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sao Tome and Principe E. Barros.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 12.2 thousand USD. Exports of goods amounted to 11.1 thousand USD, imports - 1.1 thousand USD. Positive balance for Ukraine - 10 thousand USD.

The main export commodities to Sao Tome: flour products (100%).

The main import commodities from Sao Tome: synthetic threads, boilers, electric machines (100%).

5. Legal framework:

Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe (16 April, 1999)

6. Diplomatic representation:

 The Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Portuguese Republic (political and economic issues), and the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria (consular issues).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

1. Recognition of Ukraine: April 14, 1993.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 14, 1993.

3. Political relations:

Dialogue at the high / highest level:

April 1993 – official visit of Prime Minister of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma;

January 2003 – official visit of President of Ukraine Leonid Kuchma;

October 2011 – official visit of the Chairman of the Saudi Consultative Council Abdullah Al Al-Sheikh;

December 2011 – official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Kostyantyn Gryshchenko;

January 2015 – working visit of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko;

November 2017 – official visit of the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko.

In August 2020 and August 2021 Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmytro Kuleba had telephone conversations with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Faisal bin Farhan Al Saud.

Inter-parliamentary cooperation:

Inter-parliamentary friendship groups between Ukraine and Saudi Arabia are active since 1996. Current Group on Inter-parliamentary Ties with Saudi Arabia in Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine consists of 24 members. The Fourth Saudi-Ukrainian Friendship Group in the Saudi Consultative Council includes 13 members.

Delegations of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine paid official visits to Riyadh in 2009 and 2016, while the Saudi parliamentarians visited Kyiv in 2012 and 2017.

Chairman of the Saudi Consultative Council (Majlis Ash-Shura) Dr. Abdullah Mohammed Ibrahim Al Al-Sheikh paid official visit to Ukraine in October 2011.

Bilateral high-level state bodies:

Intergovernmental Ukrainian – Saudi Commission for Trade, Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation held six joint sessions (2004, 2006, 2008, 2011, 2017 and 2018).

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to Ukrainian statistics, in 2020 trade turnover in goods between Ukraine and Saudi Arabia amounted to USD 820.9 million. Ukrainian exports totaled USD 719.03 million (96.6% compared with the indicators of 2019), Saudi imports – USD 101.866 million (58.2 %), with the balance of USD 617.166 million in favour of Ukraine.

Ukrainian exports consisted mainly of ferrous metals (35%), cereals (21.6%), meat and edible offal (18.9%), fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (9.3%), tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes (3.8%), as well as milk and dairy products, poultry eggs, natural honey. The bulk of the Saudi imports to Ukraine was formed by plastics and polymeric materials (93.9%), tanning extracts (1.7%), ferrous metal products (1.1%), organic chemical compounds, cotton wool and machinery.

Energy sector (oil and gas, renewable energy development), construction (infrastructural projects), transport (air, sea, communal), water resource management, and engineering are among the most promising fields of Ukrainian – Saudi economic cooperation.

In September 2018 "Saudi Agricultural and Livestock Investment Co." (SALIC), founded by the Saudi sovereign Public Investment Fund, acquired Ukrainian agricultural holding "Mriya", which became one of the largest contracts in the agricultural sector of Ukraine.

During 2018-2019 Kyiv hosted the First and Second Ukrainian-Saudi Investment Forums in the agricultural sector, as well as extended meeting of the Ukrainian – Saudi Business Council.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

In 2021 the Literary Club in Riyadh published “Anthology of Ukrainian Novelistics (end of 19th – beginning of 20th centuries)” in Arabic language.

Visits of delegations of the Saud Al-Faisal Institute for Diplomatic Studies of the Saudi MFA (2018), the King Abdullah International Center for the Arabic Language Service and the Saudi Geographical Society (2019) contributed to already fruitful cooperation between the leading research and educational institutions of Ukraine and the KSA.

In 2018 delegation of famous Ukrainian orientalists, consisting of representatives of A. Krymskyi Institute of Oriental Studies and Kyiv Taras Shevchenko National University, visited Saudi Arabia as the special guests of the 33rd National Festival for Heritage and Culture "Al-Jenadriyah" and were welcomed by King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud. In 2019 Ukrainian delegation participated in the international cultural and sports ethno-festival "Nomads Universe" held in Saudi Arabia.

Medical and healthcare cooperation has been recently stepped up due to efforts of the International Clinic of Rehabilitation (city of Truskavets) headed by prof. V. Kozyavkin. In 2017 delegation of the Ministry of Health of the KSA visited Ukraine in order to exchange experience on methods of treatment in the areas of medical rehabilitation and physiotherapy.

Tourism is another important area of cooperation, including pilgrimage (Hajj) of Ukrainian Muslims to the main shrines of Islam religion, located at the territory of the Kingdom. Due to opening of direct air flights between Ukraine and Saudi Arabia, more than 14 thousand Saudi tourists visited Ukraine in the first half of 2021.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

In 2017 cooperation between Ukrainian state enterprise «Antonov», the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology and the «Taqnia Aeronautics» company resulted in joint production of the multi-purpose transport aircraft-demonstrator An-132D.

7. Bilateral agreements:

The legal framework of Ukrainian – Saudi relations consists of 14 documents: 1 convention, 5 agreements, 1 protocol, 6 memoranda, 1 cooperation program.

The main of them are: Convention on avoidance of double taxation with respect to taxes on income and estate and prevention of fiscal evasion, Agreement on reciprocal promotion and protection of investments, Agreement on trade-economic, scientific, technical and investment cooperation, Agreement on cooperation in the exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes, Memorandum on investment cooperation in the field of agriculture, Agreement on cooperation in the field of defense, Air services Agreement.

8. Ukrainian community:

Around 1 thousand Ukrainian citizens currently live in Saudi Arabia.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Senegal

1. Recognition of Ukraine: June 2, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: November 25, 1992.

3. Political cooperation:

September 27, 2010 - meeting of Foreign Ministers in New York on margins of the Session of the UN General Assembly.

June 14-17, 2011 - official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Senegal to Ukraine.

February 23, 2013 - visit of the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Senegal.

November 29, 2014 - meeting of Foreign Ministers within the framework of the 15th Summit of the International Organization of the Francophonie, Dakar, Senegal.

November 7, 2016 - meeting of Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Senegal in the framework of the 71st session of the UN General Assembly.

October 30, 2019 - meeting of the State Secretary of the MFA of Ukraine with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Senegal within the framework of the 36th Francophone Ministerial Conference (Monaco).

November 26, 2020 - the second round of political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Senegal at the level of directors of territorial departments.

August 10, 2021 – phone conversation between the Ministers of Foreign Affairs.

4. Trade and economic relations:

In 2020, the bilateral commodity turnover was 85,65 million USD. Ukrainian exports decreased by 29,5% to 82,53 million USD compared to 2019. In addition, imports increased by 76% to 3,12 million USD. The positive trade balance is 79,41 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of Senegal in 2020: iron and steel (73,8%), animal and vegetable fats (13,7%), fertilizers (10,1%).

The structure of import in 2020: fish and crustaceans (54,1%), ores, slag and ash (26,5%), vegetables (8,0%), plastics and articles thereof (5,5%), residues and waste from the food industries; prepared animal fodder (4,5%).

In January-July 2021, the bilateral commodity turnover was 75,12 million USD. Ukrainian exports increased by 26,3% to 73,86 million USD compared to the respective period in 2020. In addition, imports decreased by 13,5 to 1,26 million USD. The positive trade balance is 72,6 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of Senegal in January-July 2021: iron and steel (90,0%), animal and vegetable fats (5,8%).

The structure of import in January-May 2021: fish and crustaceans (54,2%), ores, slag and ash (37,4%), vegetables (3,9%), cereals (2,6%).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, in 2019-2020 academic year 28 students from the Republic of Senegal studied at higher educational institutions of Ukraine.

6. Science and technical cooperation: practically absent.

7. The contractual and legal framework:

1. Joint Communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations;

2. Protocol between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Senegal on political consultations;

3. Memorandum of Understanding between the State Financial Monitoring Service of Ukraine and the National Bureau for the Processing of Financial Information of the Republic of Senegal on cooperation in the field of exchange of financial information on criminal activity related to the legalization (laundering) of proceeds from crime and terrorism financing;

4. Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Senegal on military and technical cooperation.

Signed on June 17, 2013 in Dakar 3 agreements have not yet entered into force:

1. Convention between Ukraine and the Republic of Senegal on Mutual Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters.

2. Convention between Ukraine and the Republic of Senegal on the transfer of convicted persons.

3. Convention between Ukraine and the Republic of Senegal concerning extradition.

Ukraine ratified the aforementioned treaties on 02.09.2015.

8. Ukrainian diaspora: not numerous.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Senegal.

Since 2021, the Honorary Consulate of Senegal in Ternopil has been functioning.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Seychelles

1. The Independence of Ukraine: recognized on September 30, 1994.

2. Diplomatic relations: established on September 30, 1994.

3. Political relations:

At the level of bilateral Protocol letters.

4. Trade and Economic relations:

According to the State Statistics Agency of Ukraine goods and services volume between Ukraine and Seychelles (as for December 31, 2020) reached USD 5,920,000.

Ukrainian export – USD 5,540,000, import – USD 389,600. Positive balance for Ukraine – USD 5,150,000.

The main commodity goods of Ukrainian export: grain (USD 79,800,000), meat and its subproducts (USD 168,600), seeds and oilseeds (USD 1,880,000), animal fats and vegetable oils (USD 110.500), alcohol and non-alcohol beverages (USD 730,500), pharmaceutical products (USD 14,000), light-weight boats (USD 2,480,000), toys (USD 9,800).

The main commodity goods of Ukrainian import: meat and fish products (USD 109,100).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

None.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

None.

7Legal framework cooperation:

Joint Communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries signed on September 30, 1994.

8Ukrainian community:

None.

9Diplomatic mission

Seychelles belong to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Ethiopia

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Sierra Leone

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 21, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: May 20, 1999.

3. Political cooperation:

On September 7, 2000, in the framework of the UN Millennium Summit, the meeting of the Presidents of Ukraine and Sierra Leone took place. The parties discussed issues of bilateral cooperation, in particular in the military-technical sphere.

On October 13, 2016, the Deputy Minister of Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine - Trade Representative of Ukraine met in Kyiv with members of the Sierra Leone delegation headed by the Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Protection of the Republic of Sierra Leone.

4. Trade and economic relations:

In 2020, the bilateral commodity turnover was 5,48 million USD. Ukrainian exports decreased by 2,7% to 5,9 million USD if compared to the previous year. In addition, imports increased by 127% to 0,19 million USD if compared to the previous year. The positive trade balance is 5,1 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of Sierra Leone in 2020: dairy produce, birds’ eggs, natural honey (61,8%), meat and eatable meat offal (21,4%), products of milling industry (6,5%), preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk, pastry cooks’ products (4,8%).

The structure of import in 2020: coffee, tea (78,5%), vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof (6,7%), machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers parts thereof (4,9%).

In January-July 2021, the bilateral commodity turnover was 5,32 million USD. Ukrainian exports increased by 42,1% to 5,11 million USD if compared to the respective period of the previous year. In addition, imports increased by 827,6% to 0,21 million USD if compared to the respective period of the previous year. The positive trade balance is 4,9 million USD.

The structure of export between Ukraine and the Republic of Sierra Leone in January-July 2021: meat and eatable meat offal (63,5%); dairy produce, birds’ eggs, natural honey (27,3%), preparations of cereals, flour, starch or milk, pastry cooks' products (2,7%).

The structure of import in January-July 2021: coffee, tea (82,8%), articles of iron or steel (9,1%).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, in 2019-2020 academic year 60 students from Sierra Leone studied in Ukraine.

6. Science and technical cooperation: practically absent.

7. The contractual and legal framework:

The basic documents are exchange notes on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Sierra Leone.

8. Ukrainian diaspora: not numerous.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Senegal.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Federative Republic of Somalia

1. The Independence of Ukraine: not recognized yet.

2. Diplomatic relations: not established yet.

3. Political relations:

The Federative Republic of Somalia supported UN General Assembly Resolution № 68/262 dated on 27th of March, 2014 «On Territorial Integrity of Ukraine», its co-authoring.

November, 2016 – a telephone call between the ministers for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Somalia.

4. Trade and Economic relations:

According to the State Statistics Agency of Ukraine, goods and services volume between Ukraine and Somalia (as for December 31, 2020) reached USD 19,290,000.

Ukrainian export – USD 18,550,000, import – USD 741,200. Positive balance for Ukraine – USD 17,810,000.

The main commodity goods of Ukrainian export: grain (USD 9,400,000), flour and its products (USD 3,600,000), meat and its subproducts (USD 2,200,000), natural honey (USD 1,000,000).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine as for December 31, 2020 - 45 students from Somalia studied in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

None.

7. Legal framework cooperation:

As for August, 2021, Joint Communique on the establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries to be signed soon.

8. Ukrainian community:

None.

9. Diplomatic mission: 

The Federative Republic of Somalia belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Ethiopia.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of South Africa

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: February 14, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: March 16, 1992

3. Political relations:

November 1998 - official visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to South Africa.

June 2000 - visit of the President of Ukraine to Cape Town to participate in the Earth Summit.

September 2000 - official visit of the Vice President of South Africa to Ukraine.

September 2002 - Meeting of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Minister for Foreign Affairs of South Africa, New York.

April 2011 - Meeting of the Prime Minister of Ukraine with the President of South Africa in the framework of the BRICS Summit in China.

Three rounds of political consultations were held between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and South Africa. The last round took place in Ukraine in May 2017.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the results of 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods amounted to 116.3 million USD and decreased compared to the same period in 2019 by 5.5%. At the same time, exports of goods from Ukraine to South Africa amounted to 30.1 million USD (a decrease of 32.2%), and imports of goods from South Africa to Ukraine amounted to 86.2 million USD (an increase of 9.6%). The negative balance for Ukraine for this period is equal to 56.1 million USD.

The TOP-5 products that were most exported during 2020 include: cereals - exported in the amount of 13.3 million USD (decrease by 56.0%); iron and steel - 4 million USD; animal or vegetable fats and oils - 2.7 million USD (5.6 times decrease); edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers - 2.1 million USD (2.2 times growth); products of the milling industry - 1.4 million USD (decrease by 31.2%).

The TOP-5 products, which were most imported in 2020, include: raw hides and skins (other than furskins) and leather - imported for a total of 29.6 million USD (increase by 10.3%); edible fruit and nuts - 16.1 million USD (increased by 40.5%); vehicles other than railway or tramway rolling stock, and parts and accessories thereof - 14.4 million USD (increase by 47.1%); ores, slag and ash - 6.9 million USD (decrease by 21.1%); mineral fuels, mineral oils and products of their distillation - 3.5 million USD (growth rate is 2.7 times).

The total volume of trade in services in 2020 amounted to 6.4 million USD and increased compared to the same period in 2019 by 36.8%. Exports of services increased 1.9 times to 5 million USD, imports of services decreased by 31.1% and amounted to 1.5 million USD. The positive balance of bilateral trade in services for Ukraine for the specified period is equal to 3.5 million USD.

There is no investment cooperation.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

In South Africa, there is a museum of Ukrainian culture in Riversdale (Western Cape), whose work is aimed at developing cultural cooperation between the two countries. The participation of Ukrainian artists in local art festivals of international scale is becoming systematic: “International Public Art Festival” (visual art), “Poetry Africa”, “Time of the Writer” (literature).

In 2020, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the NGO "Publishers' Forum" (Kyiv, Ukraine) and the Center for Creative Arts (Durban, South Africa).

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

Bilateral scientific and technical cooperation between Ukraine and South Africa is based on the Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of South Africa on cooperation in science and technology.

On September 29, 2016, a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the State Space Agency of Ukraine and the National Space Agency of South Africa on cooperation in the field of research and use of outer space for peaceful purposes.

On February 26, 2018, in Pretoria (South Africa) a Memorandum of Understanding was signed between the State Agency of Fisheries of Ukraine and the Department of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries of South Africa on the system of international scientific observation of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.

The parties are working on concluding an Agreement between the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the South African Nuclear Energy Corporation in the field of peaceful uses of nuclear energy.

7. Legal framework:

The main documents of the bilateral legal framework are:

Agreement on the establishment of diplomatic and consular relations between Ukraine and the Republic of South Africa;

Trade agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of South Africa;

Convention between the Cabinet of Ministers and the Government of South Africa on the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion with respect to taxes on income;

Agreement on military-technical cooperation;

Agreement on cooperation in science and technology.

8. Ukrainian community:

More than 1,000 citizens of Ukraine and South African citizens of Ukrainian origin live in South Africa. 8 people received the status of a Foreign Ukrainian. The Ukrainian diaspora in South Africa is relatively young, with most Ukrainians arriving in South Africa after 1990. The Ukrainian community is represented mainly by teachers, doctors, and specialists in engineering and technical specialties.

Since 2017, the Ukrainian Association of South Africa (NPO 189-705), a non-governmental organization, has been registered and operates in the Republic of South Africa.

In March 2016, the Ukrainian Sunday School in South Africa was established in Cape Town. Since January 2020, the new branches of school were opened in Gauteng (for children) and Somerset-West (for adults) where students learn Ukrainian language, singing, dancing and art.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: the Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of South Africa.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and South Sudan

1. The Independence of Ukraine: recognized on January 11, 2012.

2. Diplomatic relations: established on September 05, 2012.

3. Political relations:

September 2012 – meeting of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of South Sudan in the framework of the 67th UN General Assembly Session.

4. Trade and Economic relations:

According to the State Statistics Agency of Ukraine, goods and services volume between Ukraine and South Sudan (as for December 31, 2020) reached USD 1,530,000.

Ukrainian export – USD 1,524,000, import – USD 6,000. Positive balance for Ukraine – USD 1,524,000.

The main commodity goods of Ukrainian export: meat and its subproducts (USD 1,270,000), animal fats, vegetable oils (USD 76,000), food (USD 83,100), soap and surfactant organic substances (USD 11,900).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

None.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

None.

7. Legal framework cooperation:

None.

8. Ukrainian community:

None.

9. Diplomatic mission: 

The Republic of South Sudan belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Ethiopia.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of the Sudan

1. Recognition of Ukraine: April 25, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 4, 1992.

3. Political relations:

May 2012 - Visit of the Minister of Transport, Roads and Bridges of the Sudan to Kyiv.

July 2012 - Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Sudan to Kyiv.

September 2012 - Visit of the Federal Minister of Science and Communications of the Sudan to Kyiv.

February 2013 - Visit of the Federal Minister of Transport, Roads and Bridges of the Sudan to Kyiv.

July 2018 - Ukrainian-Sudanese political consultations at the level of directors of relevant departments of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs (Kyiv).

December 3, 2020 - a telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Sudan.

4. Trade, economic and investment cooperation:

The total volume of trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Sudan in 2020 amounted to 69.222 million USD.

Trade in goods: In 2020, trade in goods between Ukraine and Sudan amounted to 68.076 million USD. USA. Exports - 65.870 million USD. Imports - 2.206 million USD. Positive balance of USD 63.664 million USD.

During 2020, the leading product groups in the structure of Ukrainian exports to Sudan were: fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (57.6% of total exports), cereals (36.4%), vegetables (3.4%).

During January-July 2021, the Ukrainian-Sudanese trade turnover amounted to 51.8 million USD. Exports of goods amounted to 46.4 million USD, imports - 5.4 million USD. The positive balance in trade in goods amounted to 41.0 million USD.

Trade in services: During 2020, the Ukrainian-Sudanese volume of trade in services amounted to 1.146 million USD.

Ukrainian companies provided services to Sudan for 1.145 million USD, which is 155% of the figure for 2019.

The main export services provided by Ukrainian companies were travel-related services, which accounted for more than 80% of total services.

During the first half of 2021, Ukrainian-Sudanese trade in services was represented only by Ukrainian exports, which amounted to 0.369 million USD.

5. Legal framework:

Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the RS dated 04.06.1992.

6. Ukrainian community: According to unofficial data, about 150 Ukrainians live in Sudan.

7. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Sudan is the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Arab Republic of Egypt. The Honorary Consulate of Ukraine operates in Khartoum. Honorary Consul - Musa Mohamed Saeed Maruf.

Relations between Ukraine and Syria

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 28, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: March 31, 1992.

3. Political relations:

High-level dialogue:

April 20-22, 2002 – official visit of the President of Ukraine to Syria.

December 2-3, 2010 – official visit of the President of Syria to Ukraine.

February 16-17, 2011 – working visit of the Ukrainian delegation headed by the First Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine.

Dialogue between Ministries of Foreign Affairs:

1996, 2004, 2007 – visits of the Deputy Foreign Ministers of Ukraine to Syria.

August 24-26, 2010 – visit of the Foreign Minister of Syria to Ukraine.

June 9, 2011 – visit of the deputy Foreign Minister of Syria to Ukraine.

2011, 2012 – meetings of Foreign Ministers of Ukraine and Syria in the framework of the UN GA in New-York.

Inter-parliamentary cooperation:

2004 – visit of the Syrian Parliamentary delegation to Ukraine.

2007 – visit of the Head of the Syrian Parliament to Ukraine.

March 3-7, 2012 – visit of the Ukrainian Parliamentary delegation to Syria.

Existing bilateral high-level bodies:

Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Syrian commission on trade, economic and technical cooperation.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, in January-May 2021 the total trade turnover between Ukraine and Syria amounted to 6.5 million USD, with a negative balance for Ukraine of 6.5 million USD. Exports from Ukraine to Syria amounted to 16 thousand USD, imports from Syria - 6.5 million USD.

During this period, except small supplies of cocoa and products from it (11.6 thousand USD), seeds and fruits of oilseeds (3.8 thousand USD), processed grain products (1.3 thousand USD) ) Ukraine did not export products. Syria mainly exports to Ukraine phosphorites (87.5%), edible fruits and nuts (5.2%) and plastics (2.1%).

According to the National Bank of Ukraine, as of March 31, 2021, the total amount of Syrian investments to the economy of Ukraine is $ 0.3 million. USD.

5. Legal framework of bilateral relations:

Bilateral agreements in force: 49.

Key documents: Treaty on Legal Relations and Mutual Legal Assistance in Civil and Criminal Matters, Consular Convention.

6. Ukrainian community

Due to the worsening of security situation since March 2011 a significant number of Ukrainians has left in Syria. Those who did not have such a possibility were evacuated by the Ukrainian authorities. About 1,300 Ukrainian citizens live in Syria, including children from mixed marriages. There are 1180 citizens of Ukrainians on the consular register.

7. Diplomatic missions: In March 2016, due to the tense security situation, the Embassy of Ukraine in Syria was transferred to Beirut, where it continued to operate on the basis of the Embassy of Ukraine in Lebanon.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Tanzania

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: June 8, 1992 р.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: July 8, 1992

3. Political relations: 

The high-level bilateral commissions between Ukraine and Tanzania have not been established.

The functions of Ukraine’s Embassy to Tanzania are performed by the Embassy of Ukraine in Nairobi.

The functions of Tanzania’s Embassy to Ukraine are performed by Tanzania’s Embassy in Stockholm.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 bilateral trade between Ukraine and Tanzania amounted to 44.09 million USD. Exports totaled 34,83 million USD (increased in 76% compared to 2019), imports – 5,1 million USD (decreased in 35.2% compared to 2019). The positive balance for Ukraine amounted to 29,73 million USD.

The main articles of exports from Ukraine to Tanzania are: fertilizers (46,4%), cereals (23.6%), animal or vegetable fats and oils (19,3 %), ferrous metals (5,4%).

The main articles of imports from Tanzania to Ukraine are: tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes (59%), plastics, polymer materials (13,6%), coffee and tea (17,8%).

The bilateral trade in services in 2020 amounted to 4,16 million USD, with a negative balance for Ukraine of 2,99 mln. USD.

The main category of exports of services from Ukraine to Tanzania were travel-related services (59,8%).

The main category of imports of services from Tanzania were travel-related services (84,5%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Tanzania amounted to 9,33 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 105 citizens of Tanzania are studying in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and Technical cooperation:

The Scientific and Technical cooperation between Ukraine and Tanzania is at an early stage of development. The promising areas, given the demand of Tanzania’s market, are modern scientific inventions in the agriculture, oil and gas industries of Ukraine, as well as the introduction of alternative sources of electricity, purification and transportation of drinking water.

7. Bilateral agreements:

The establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the United Republic of Tanzania by exchange of notes (July 8, 1992).

8. The Ukrainian community in Tanzania: 

According to the Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya, eight Ukrainian citizens reside in Tanzania.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

The United Republic of Tanzania belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Togolese Republic

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 10 November 1993.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 1 September 1999.

3. Political relations:

There have been no high-level contacts and high-level bilateral bodies.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 15.28 million USD. Export of goods amounted to USD 13.99 million, which is by 44.6% less than in 2019, import amounted to 105.7 thousand USD, which is by 69.1% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine was 13.89 million USD.

The main items of Ukrainian export: ferrous metals (32.4%), vegetables (18.7%), sugar and confectionary (14.7%), meat and edible subproducts (2.4%).

The main items of import from Togo: goods, purchased in ports (82,3%), coffee and tea (17.2%).

In January-May 2021 the volume of trade in goods between the countries amounted to USD 8,6 million.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the information of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 7 nationals of Togo studied in Ukraine in 2020.

6. Legal basis:

Notes on establishing of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Togolese Republic (1 September 1999).

7. Ukrainian community:

There is no Ukrainian community in Togo.

8. Diplomatic representation of Ukraine:

The Togolese Republic belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Tunisian Republic

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 25, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 24, 1992.

3. Political relations: 

December 06-08, 1993 - Official Visit of the President of Ukraine to Tunisia

February 28, 2017 - meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs on the sidelines of the 34th session of the UN Human Rights Council.

The last round of political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Tunisia took place on December 8, 2020 (via video conference).

Friendship groups have been established in the parliaments of both countries.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

The Tunisian Republic is among major important trade and economic partners of Ukraine in Africa.

Ukrainian-Tunisian trade in 2020 amounted to 429.2 million US dollars, Ukrainian exports - 414.8 million US dollars, imports from Tunisia - 12.9 million US dollars.

In 2020, Tunisia became the second largest importer of Ukrainian products in Africa after Egypt. The main items of Ukrainian exports to Tunisia are grain, ferrous metals, lead, fertilizers and inorganic chemicals.

On April 16-17, 2019, the Third Meeting of the Intergovernmental Joint Commission on Trade, Economic and Technical Cooperation, as well as the Ukrainian-Tunisian Business Forum took place in the Tunisian capital.

5. Legal framework:

Number of valid bilateral documents - 25.

Key documents: Agreement Relating to Air Services; Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Higher Education; Agreement on Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Matters.

A number of bilateral draft documents are under consideration of both sides.

6. Ukrainian community: 

In July 2018, a non-governmental organization of Ukrainians in Tunisia “Berehynia Association”, was officially registered in the Tunisian Republic.

Since 2014, the Ukrainian Saturday School “Zernyatko” has been functioning at the premises of the Embassy of Ukraine in Tunisia, attended by more than 20 children - citizens of Ukraine.

7. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine:

The Embassy of Ukraine in the Tunisian Republic has been operating since September 1996.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Uganda

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: February 13, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 7, 1994

3. Political relations: 

Neither high-level bilateral contacts nor the high-level body between Ukraine and Uganda were established.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to 6.1 million USD. Exports of goods totaled 2,24 million USD (decreased in 89,6% compared to 2019), imports – 3,31 million USD (decreased in 55.2% compared to 2019). The negative balance for Ukraine amounted to 1,07 million USD.

The main articles of the Ukrainian exports are: aircrafts (29,3 %), ferrous metals (22,9%), boilers and machinery (10.7%).

The main articles of imports from Uganda are: coffee and tea (71,9%), aircrafts (20,4%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Uganda amounted to 1,7 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 27 citizens of Uganda are studying at the Higher educational establishments in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and Technical cooperation:

The Scientific and Technical cooperation between Ukraine and Uganda is at an early stage of development.

7. Bilateral agreements:

1. Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Uganda (September 7, 1994).

2. Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uganda in the field of military cooperation (February 18, 1995).

8. The Ukrainian community in Uganda: 

According to the Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya, four Ukrainian citizens reside in Uganda.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

The Republic of Uganda belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the United Arab Emirates

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 2, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: October 15, 1992.

3. Political dialogue:

            2003, 2009, 2012, 2015, 2017 and 2021 - official/working visits of the Presidents of Ukraine to the UAE.

            2004, 2009, 2012 and 2020 - official visits of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the UAE.

            May 18-19, 2011 - official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the UAE Sheikh Abdullah Al Nahyan to Ukraine.

            April 13, 2020 - telephone conversation between the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy and the Crown Prince of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi Mohammed Al Nahyan.

            April 16, 2020 - telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmytro Kuleba and the Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the UAE Abdullah Al Nahyan.

            December 7-8, 2020 - working visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmytro Kuleba to the UAE.

            February 13-15, 2021 - official visit of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy to the UAE.

            July 14, 2021 - telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmytro Kuleba and the Minister of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the UAE Abdullah Al Nahyan.

4. Interparliamentary cooperation:

            On March 10, 2021, the first online meeting of the Interparliamentary Relations Groups of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine and the UAE Federal National Council took place.

5. Legal framework:

            Ukraine and the UAE have concluded 36 bilateral documents, including 13 intergovernmental agreements, as well as 23 interdepartmental agreements and memoranda. Key bilateral agreements: on the avoidance of double taxation, promotion and mutual protection of investments, mutual legal assistance in criminal matters, mutual legal assistance in civil and commercial matters,  extradition of offenders, air communication, military-technical cooperation.

6. Trade and economic cooperation between Ukraine with the UAE:

Trade in goods:

            According to the results of 6 months of 2021, the total volume of bilateral trade in goods between Ukraine and the UAE amounted to 259.85 million US dollars. According to the State Customs Service of Ukraine, exports of goods to the UAE for 6 months of 2021 amounted to 227.24 million US dollars, (decrease of 12.3%). Imports of goods to Ukraine from the UAE in the first half of 2021 amounted to 32.61 million US dollars (increase by 14.68%).

            In the sectoral context, the largest share of cooperation between Ukraine and the UAE in the economic dimension is trade in agro-industrial (over 50%) and metallurgical (about 30%) products.

Trade in services:

            Exports of services from Ukraine to the UAE in the first quarter of 2021 amounted to 84.3 million US dollars. Imports of services to Ukraine from the UAE - 27.2 million US dollars. The total volume of trade in services of Ukraine with the UAE in the first quarter of 2021 amounted to 111.5 million US dollars.

UAE investment activity in Ukraine:

            There are more than 200 companies are operating in the UAE, whose founders are citizens of Ukraine. Representative offices of PJSC Myronivsky Hliboproduct, JSC Motor Sich, Interpipe, Metinvest, etc.  have been opened in the UAE.

            In 2017, one of the world's largest operators in the container transportation market, the Emirati company DP World, began investing in Ukraine. Chairman of the Board of Directors of DP World Sultan bin Sulay is a member of the National Investment Council under the President of Ukraine.

            Within the official visit of the President of Ukraine V.Zelenskyy to the UAE (13-15.02.2021) Mubadala Investment Fund signed Memoranda of Understanding with the SPFU and the Office for Investment Attraction and Support Ukraine Invest.

Existing high-level bilateral bodies:

            Intergovernmental Ukrainian-Emirati Commission on Trade and Economic Cooperation, the last 3rd meeting of which took place on August 16-17, 2018 in Kyiv.

7. Association of Ukrainians:

About 12 thousand of Ukrainians live in the UAE.

            In 2016 the Ukrainian Business Council was established in the UAE, the purpose of which is to promote both the protection and support of domestic business operating in the UAE, and the arrival of new companies. Also in 2016, for the education and development of children of the Ukrainian community, the Ukrainian school of the weekend "Sofia" in Dubai began its activities, and in 2019 - the school "Dyvosvit" in Abu Dhabi.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine in the UAE: Embassy of Ukraine in the United Arab Emirates.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and The Republic of Yemen 

1. Recognition of Ukraine: April 21, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 21, 1992.

3. Political relations:

September 26, 2018 – meeting between the President of Ukraine Petro Poroshenko and the President of the Republic of Yemen Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi on the sidelines of the 73rd UN General Assembly in New York.

On June 16, 2021 First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Emine Dzhaparova held a telephone conversation with the Under-Secretary for Political Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates of the Yemeni Republic Mansour Ali Bajash.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to Ukrainian statistics, trade turnover in goods between Ukraine and the Republic of Yemen in 2020 amounted to USD 172.92 million. Ukrainian exports totaled USD 172.7 million (increased by 26.3 % compared to 2019 volume), imports from Yemen made up USD 0.22 million (dicreased by 89.4 %). Trade balance was USD 172.48 million in favour of Ukraine.

Ukrainian exports consisted mainly of cereals (83.6%), fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (5.1%), sugar and confectionery (3.5%), cocoa and cocoa products (2%), meat and edible offal, and finished grain products. The bulk of Yemeni imports to Ukraine was formed by plastics and polymeric materials (98.3%).

After stabilization of political and security situation in Yemen, Ukrainian enterprises can participate in the projects of reconstruction and modernization of oil and gas facilities, supply of energy equipment, provision of transport, construction and educational services, construction of port infrastructure in Yemen.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Ukraine and Yemen actively cooperate in the field of education. Around 200 Yemeni students study in Ukrainian universities.

By the Presidential Decree of November 22, 2018, Ukraine provided humanitarian aid to Yemen in the amount of UAH 10 million.

6. Bilateral agreements:

Ukraine and Yemen signed two bilateral documents – Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations (21.04.1992) and Intergovernmental Agreement on reciprocal promotion and protection of investments (19.02.2001).

7. Ukrainian community:

Prior to the escallation of confrontation in Yemen in September 2014, around 2 thousand Ukrainian citizens resided on Yemeni territory, mostly women and children from mixed families. About 160 citizens of Ukraine were evacuated from Yemen during the crisis.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Zambia

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: December 30, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 22, 1993

3. Political relations: there are no contacts at the highest level.

There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the results of 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods amounted to 630.2 thousand USD and decreased compared to the same period in 2019 by 8.3 times. At the same time, exports of goods from Ukraine to Zambia amounted to 96.7 thousand USD (a decrease of 32.3 times), and imports of goods from Zambia to Ukraine amounted to 533.5 thousand USD (3.9 times decrease). The negative balance for Ukraine amounted to 436.8 thousand USD.

Exports by 45.1% by machinery, mechanical appliances, nuclear reactors, boilers; parts thereof- 43.6 thousand USD (a decrease of 2.2 times) 44.1% are meat and edible offal - 42.7 thousand USD (decrease by 66.7 times) and by, and imports by 93.6% are tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes - 499.1 thousand USD (4.1 times decrease).

Exports of services in 2020 amounted to almost 2.5 million USD (an increase of 4.7 times), imports - 1.8 thousand USD.

There is no investment cooperation.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: in 2020, according to the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, 148 Zambian students studied in higher educational institutions of Ukraine.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none.

7. Legal framework: protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations of April 22, 1993.

8. Ukrainian community: about 70 Ukrainian citizens live in Zambia. The community consists mainly of doctors, as well as women who are married to Zambians. There are no public associations and organizations of ethnic Ukrainians in the country.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of South Africa.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Zimbabwe

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: March 9, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 25, 1992

3. Political relations: there are no contacts at the highest level.

There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods amounted to 2.98 million USD and decreased compared to the same period in 2019 by 20.3%. At the same time, exports of goods from Ukraine to Zimbabwe amount to 969.5 thousand USD (an increase of 19.2 times), and imports of goods from Zimbabwe to Ukraine - 2.01 million USD (a decrease of 1.8 times). The negative balance for Ukraine for this period is equal to 1.04 million USD.

Exports by 95.3% are represented by edible vegetables and certain roots and tubers - 923.8 thousand USD (an increase of 18.3 times) and 3.7% of products of the milling industry - 36.1 thousand USD (in 2019 there were no exports), and imports are mainly represented by tobacco and manufactured tobacco substitutes - 1.87 million USD (a decrease of 42%), as well as edible fruit and nuts - 137.8 thousand USD (3.1 times decrease).

Exports of services in 2020 amounted to 827.9 thousand USD (a decrease of 11.6%).

There is no investment cooperation. 

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: in 2020, according to the Ministry of Education of Ukraine, 310 Zimbabwean students studied in higher educational institutions of Ukraine.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none

7. Legal framework:

Joint Protocol signed by the Permanent Representatives of both countries to the United Nations in New York on April 25, 1992.

8. Ukrainian community:

About 30 Ukrainian citizens live in Zimbabwe. There are no public associations and organizations of ethnic Ukrainians in the country.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of South Africa.

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