Middle East and Africa
18 December 2019 16:46

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: December 27, 1991

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: August 20, 1992.

3. Political dialogue:

April 22-28, 1993 - visit of the delegation of Ukraine headed by the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs to Algeria.

July 1999 - visit to Algeria by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to participate in the 35th Summit of the Organization of African Unity.

In November 1999, the Embassy of Ukraine in the APDR started working.

December 13-15, 2002 - official visit of the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Algeria.

On October 13, 2020 at the initiative of the Ukrainian side, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine D.Kuleba had a telephone conversation with his Algerian counterpart S.Boukadoum.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria in 2019 reached 614.4 million USD which was a record mark ever fixed.

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria in 2020 reached 378.408 million USD (decreased and amounted to 61.59 % compared to 2019).

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria during January-May 2021 reached 214 million 661 thousand USD.

Exports of goods amounted to 211 million 192 thousand USD (99.3 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

Imports of goods amounted to 2 million 987.5 thousand USD (96.3 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

The balance of trade in goods during January-May 2021 is positive and amounts to 208.2 million USD.

The volume of trade in services during the first quarter of 2021 amounted to 481 thousand USD.

Exports of services amounted to 313 thousand USD (7.0 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

Imports of services amounted to 168.1 thousand USD (47.7 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

The balance of trade in services for the first quarter of 2021 is positive for Ukraine and amounts to 144.9 thousand USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Traditionally, good contacts have been established between a number of technical universities of Ukraine and Algeria, bilateral exchanges at the level of sports federations, symphony orchestras, etc. take place on a regular basis.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

The contacts between a number of technical universities between Ukraine and Algeria are traditional. Thus, in recent years in the field of education there have been exchanges at the level of teachers, graduate students and interns of Algerian universities in Constantine, Boomerdes and Blida with Ukrainian partners: Kyiv National Taras Shevchenko University, University of Oil and Gas (Ivano-Frankivsk), Technical National University (Kyiv), Ivan Kozhedub Kharkiv University of the Air Force.

On April 14, 2021 an online meeting was held between the management of the Kozyavkin International Rehabilitation Clinic and members of the National Office of the Association of Children with Cerebral Palsy of Algeria.

In this area, the following agreements were concluded:

1. Framework Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the People’s Democratic Republic of Algeria on cooperation in the field of exploration and use of outer space for peaceful purposes (signed on December 5, 2007 in Algiers).

2. Agreement on international cooperation between the East Ukrainian National University Volodymyr Dahl (Luhansk, Ukraine) and M’hamed Bougara University (Boomerdes, Algeria), (November 4, 2006, Luhansk).

3. Agreement on partnership, cooperation and scientific exchange between the National Technical University of Ukraine (Ukraine) and M’hamed Bougara University (Boomerdes, Algeria), (May 2005).

4. Agreement on joint activities within the project "Intellect" between the Institute of Energy Conservation and Energy Management of the National Technical University of Ukraine and the Research Laboratory for Electrification of Industrial Enterprises of M’hamed Bougara University (Boomerdes, Algeria), (May 2005).

5. Agreement on partnership, cooperation and scientific exchange between the National Technical University of Ukraine (Ukraine) and the Scientific and Technical University Houari Boumédienne (Algeria). Signed by rectors M.Zgurovskyi and Benali Benzagu (February 2006, Kyiv).

6. Agreement on partnership, cooperation and scientific exchange between the National University of Oil and Gas (Ivano-Frankivsk) and M’hamed Bougara University (Boomerdes, Algeria) (March 27, 2006, Ghardaia, Algeria).

7. Legal framework:

The legal framework consists of 19 documents, including those in the field of trade, economic, military and scientific and technical cooperation, as well as agreements and memoranda between higher educational institutions of Ukraine and Algeria.

Key documents: Agreement on trade cooperation between Ukraine and the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria; Convention between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria on Avoidance of Double Taxation of Income and Property and Prevention of Tax Evasion; Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria on military-technical cooperation.

Important documents that are under development: Agreement on maritime merchant shipping; Agreement on promotion and mutual protection of investments.

8. Ukrainian community: The Ukrainian community in Algeria engulfs about 500 Ukrainians, most of whom are wives and children of Algerian citizens.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: The Embassy of Ukraine in Algeria opened in November 1999.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Angola

1. Recognition of Ukraine: September 30, 1993.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 30, 1994.

3. Political relations:

Bilateral political and intersectoral contacts:

June 24-25, 1999 - the first visit to Angola of the official delegation of Ukraine headed by the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine in the status of Special Envoy of the President of Ukraine.

April 4-5, 2001 - working visit to Ukraine by Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Angola J. Chicote, during which a Memorandum of Cooperation was signed between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Angola.

May 18-19, 2013 - working visit to Ukraine of Minister of State - Head of the Military Chancellery of the President of Angola, General Manuel Elder Vieira Diaz "Kopelipa".

November 19-22, 2017 - a working visit to the Republic of Angola by a delegation of the Ministry of Agrarian Policy and Food of Ukraine headed by Deputy Minister for European Integration.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, there was a significant decline in trade between Ukraine and Angola due to the situation with the coronavirus pandemic. Exports of Ukrainian goods during this period amounted to 4.0 million USD, - only 20.3% of exports compared to 2019. The main export items in 2020 were meat and meat products in the amount of 2.6 million USD (66.1% of total exports), nuclear reactors, boilers and machinery 0.56 million USD (13.8%), fats and oils of animal and vegetable origin 0.4 million USD (10.6%).

The beginning of 2021 was marked by positive dynamics. Thus, in the period January-May 2021, exports of Ukrainian goods reached 11.7 million USD, it’s about 700% of exports compared to the corresponding period of 2020. In particular, the main export items in 2021 are cereals in the amount of 9.9 million USD (85.0%) and meat and meat products in the amount of 0.88 million USD.

5. Scientific and educational cooperation:

As of 2019, according to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine data, 306 Angolan students were studying in Ukraine. Currently the tendency is saved.

Angolan youth receive higher education in Ukraine mainly at the universities of Kyiv, Vinnytsia, Dnipro, Kharkiv, Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv and Odesa.

6. Legal framework:

Number of valid documents: 12.

There are two basic documents that compose the legal framework between Ukraine and Angola: the Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Angola (30.09.1994) and the Memorandum of Cooperation between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Angola (04.04.2001).

7. Ukrainian community:

According to official data, as of the second quarter 2021, there are 283 Ukrainian citizens in Angola on legal grounds.

There are no Ukrainian cultural and educational organizations in the country.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

Embassy of Ukraine in Angola (https://angola.mfa.gov.ua/en).

Address of the Embassy of Ukraine in Angola: Luanda, Miramar, Rua Companhia de Jesus, 35.

The diplomatic mission of Ukraine was opened in May 2004.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Benin

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 9 January 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 10 April 1992.

3. Political relations: 

There have been no high-level contacts and high-level bilateral bodies.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 11.8 million USD. Export of goods amounted to 11.53 million USD, which is by 65 % less than in 2019, import amounted to 270 thousand USD, which is by 20.2% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine was 11,26 million USD.

The main items of Ukrainian export: ferrous metals (82%), fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (12.9%), flour and cereal products (0.1%), foodstuffs (0.4%).

The main items of import from Benin: clothes and accessories (100%).

In January-May 2021 the volume of trade in goods between the countries amounted to 16,2 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the information of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 6 nationals of Benin study in Ukrainian universities (as of 2020). Conclusion of a treaty with Benin on cooperation in the sphere of education is under consideration.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none.

 7. Legal basis:

The basic documents are the notes on establishing of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Benin (10 April 1992).

8. Ukrainian community: 9 nationals of Ukraine reside in Benin.

9. Diplomatic representation: the Republic of Benin belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.



Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Burkina Faso

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 16, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: February 6, 1992.

3. Political relations: 

March 1995 - Informal conversation between the Presidents of Ukraine and Burkina Faso on the sidelines of the World Summit for Social Development (Copenhagen);

May 2011 - Meeting of Foreign Ministers in Istanbul.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, bilateral trade consisted almost entirely of Ukrainian exports and amounted to 12.226 million US dollars. Ukraine exported mainly ferrous metals and products of the flour and cereals industry.

5. Legal framework: 

The draft Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of Burkina Faso on the Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments is under consideration by the Burkinabe authorities.

The parties agreed on a draft Protocol on Political Consultations between the Foreign Ministries of the two countries.

6. Ukrainian community: 

There is no Ukrainian diaspora in Burkina Faso. A small number of Ukrainian citizens live in the country. There are no Ukrainian associations in Burkina Faso.

7. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: 

Burkina Faso falls within the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Tunisia.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Burundi

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: January 6, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: February 22, 1993

3. Political relations: 

Neither high-level bilateral contacts nor the body between Ukraine and Burundi was established.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to 512 thousand USD.

Exports totaled 121,4 thousand USD, (increased in 13,3% compared to 2019), imports – 390,6 thousand USD (decreased in 14.7% compared to 2019). The negative balance for Ukraine amounted to 269,2 thousand USD.

The main articles of exports from Ukraine to Burundi are: animal or vegetable fats and oils (42,4%), boilers, machinery (37,1%), gum elastic (13%), pharmaceuticals (7,5 %).

The main articles of imports from Burundi to Ukraine are coffee and tea (100%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Burundi amounted to 1,54 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 1 citizen of Burundi is studying at the Higher educational establishment in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and Technical cooperation:

The Scientific and Technical cooperation between Ukraine and Burundi is at an early stage of development.

7. Bilateral agreements:

Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Burundi (February 22, 1993).

8. The Ukrainian community in Burundi: no citizens of Ukraine in Burundi stay on Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

The Republic of Burundi belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Cabo Verde

1. Date of recognition of Ukraine: January 16, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: March 25, 1992

3. Political dialogue:

The political dialogue takes place in the format of an exchange of protocol letters between the top leaders of the two states.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 1.3 million USD. Exports of goods amounted to 1.2 million USD, which is 402.5% more than in 2019, imports - 57.4 thousand USD, which is 2092.7% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine is 1.14 million USD.

Main export commodities to Cabo Verde: poultry meat and offal (100%)

Main import commodities from Cabo Verde: fish and crustaceans (100%)

5. Legal framework:

Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Cabo Verde (March 25, 1992).

6. Diplomatic representation:

The Republic of Cabo Verde belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Portuguese Republic (political and economic issues) and the Embassy of Ukraine in the Republic of Senegal (consular issues).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Cameroon

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 17 June 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 21 October 1993.

3. Political relations:

April of 1997 and September of 2008 – meetings of the Ministers for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Cameroon.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 53.82 million USD. Export of goods amounted to 51.87 million USD, which is by 58.5% more than in 2019, import amounted to 1.08 million USD, which is by 37.4% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine was 50.78 million USD.

The main items of Ukrainian export: ferrous metals (88.5%), vegetables (7.5%), foodstuffs (1.7%).

The main items of import from Cameroon: coffee and tea (79.2%), caoutchouc and rubber (18.5%).

In January-May 2021 the volume of trade in goods between the countries amounted to 25,3 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: 

According to the information of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 457 nationals of Cameroon studied in Ukrainian universities in 2020.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation:

Training and professional development of Cameroonian specialists in Ukraine are prospective directions of Ukrainian and Cameroonian cooperation. The Cameroonian side is interested to expand bilateral cooperation with Ukraine in the spheres of education, training of specialists in agriculture, agricultural technology, information technologies, military and technical sphere, medicine, education and engineering.

7. Legal basis:

The basic documents are the notes on establishing of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Cameroon (14 October 1993).

8. Ukrainian community: 13 nationals of Ukraine reside in Cameroon.

9. Diplomatic representation of Ukraine: the Republic of Cameroon belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.


Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Central African Republic (CAR)

1. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 14, 1995.

2. Political relations:

2017 - working visit to Ukraine of the Minister of State, Director of the Cabinet of the President of the Central African Republic.

3. Trade and economic cooperation. In 2020 the total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and the CAR amounted to 784.8 thousand USD.

In 2020, the total trade turnover between Ukraine and the CAR amounted to 784.8 thousand USD: exports of goods from Ukraine to the CAR - 784.4 thousand USD, import of goods from the CAR to Ukraine - 0.4 thousand USD, positive balance - 784.0 thousands USD. The main commodity items of Ukrainian exports are: meat and edible offal, fats, oils and electric engines.

In 2020, the volume of trade in services between Ukraine and the CAR amounted to 11.8 thousand USD (transportation services).

5. There is no Ukrainian community in the Central African Republic.

6. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Ukraine in CAR is represented by the Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Morocco (except for consular matters which are administered by the Embassy of Ukraine in Tunisia).


Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Chad

1. Recognition of Ukraine: February 20, 1993.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: July 27, 1993.

3. Political relations: 

July 2004 - Official Visit of the Minister of National Defense, former fighters and victims of the Chadian War to Ukraine.

February 20-23, 2006 - visit of the delegation of the Republic of Chad headed by the Minister of Mines and Energy to Ukraine.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, bilateral trade in 2020 amounted to 1.89 million US dollars (consists mainly of Ukrainian exports).

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: 

Since 1961, more than 500 specialists have been trained for Chad in Ukraine.

6. Legal framework: 

The Chadian side is considerіng the draft Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation and the draft Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Culture, Science and Technology.

7. Ukrainian community: 

There is no Ukrainian diaspora in Chad. There are no Ukrainian associations in Chad.

8. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: 

The Republic of Chad falls within the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Tunisia.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Union of the Comoros

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: June 7, 1993

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: July 23, 1993

3. Political relations: 

Neither high-level bilateral contacts nor the body between Ukraine and the Union of the Comoros were established.

Honorary Consulate of the Union of the Comoros headed by Oleksandr Kuznetsov functions in Kyiv.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to 1,38 million USD. Exports totaled 1,32 million USD, (increased in 82,9% compared to 2019), imports – 68,2 thousand USD (decreased in 9.2% compared to 2019). The positive balance for Ukraine amounted to 1,25 million USD.

The main articles of exports from Ukraine to the Union of the Comoros are: meat and edible by-products (72,4%), products of flour and cereals industry (25,3%), animal or vegetable fats and oils (1,2%).

The main articles of imports from the Union of the Comoros to Ukraine are: coffee and tea (100%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and the Union of the Comoros amounted to 188 thousand USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 79 citizens of the Union of the Comoros are studying at Higher educational establishments in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and Technical cooperation:

The Scientific and Technical cooperation between Ukraine and the Union of the Comoros is at an early stage of development.

7. Bilateral agreements:

1. Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Union of the Comoros by exchange of notes (July 23, 1993);

2. Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Transport of Ukraine and the Maritime Administration of the Union of the Comoros on the recognition of seafarers' certificates dated December 12, 2003;

3. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Union of the Comoros on cooperation in the sphere of education and science (November 2, 2017).

8. The Ukrainian community in the Union of the Comoros: no citizens of Ukraine in the Union of the Comoros stay on Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: 

The Union of the Comoros belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of the Congo

1. Recognition of Ukraine: March 25, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 3, 1999.

3. Political relations:

There are no contacts at the highest level. There is a practice of protocol correspondence.

4. Trade and economic cooperation: 

In 2020, the volume of bilateral trade in goods between Ukraine and Republic of Congo amounted to USD 6,807 million. Exports amounted to 6.72 million USD (19.6% less than in 2019), imports - 0.08 million USD (38.6% more than in 2019).

Meat and meat products with amount of 4.78 million USD remain the main export position (71.2% of total exports), as well as milk and dairy products, poultry eggs, natural honey per 0.9 million USD (13.5%).

The main imports in 2020 were paper and cardboard for the amount of 0.043 million USD (53.2% of total imports), and fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin in the amount of 0.035 million USD (44.3%).

The beginning of 2021 was marked with the significant restoration of the positive trade`s trend between the countries. Thus, for the period January-May 2021, the volume of trade in goods amounted to USD 3,852 million. Ukraine exported goods with amount of 3.8 million USD, including meat and meat products for 3.0 million USD (80.3% of total exports).

The main import item in this period was wood and wood products with amount of 0.035 million USD (71.8% of total imports).

5. Cultural and educational cooperation:

The provision of educational services to Congolese citizens remains a traditional component of relations with that country. According to the Ukrainian State Center for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science, as of 2018-2019 academic year, 314 students from the Republic of Congo studied in Ukraine

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: is absent.

7. Legal framework:

The basic document is the Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations of June 3, 1999.

8. Ukrainian community: is few in number.

9. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine:

The Republic of Congo is under the responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Angola (https://angola.mfa.gov.ua/en).

Address of the Embassy of Ukraine in Angola: Luanda, Miramar, Rua Companhia de Jesus, 35.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Arab Republic of Egypt

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 3, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: January 25, 1992

3. Political relations:

Key high-level contacts:

Visits at the level of heads of state: December 1992 and April 2008 - visits to Egypt by the President of Ukraine.

Meeting of the Presidents of Ukraine and Egypt on the sidelines of Munich Security Conference on 15.02.2019.

Meeting of the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy with President of Egypt A. Al-Sisi - September 25, 2019 on the sidelines of the 74th session of the UN General Assembly.

07.24.2020 President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy held a telephone conversation with President of Egypt A. Al-Sisi.

Visits by Prime Ministers:

To Egypt - March 1997, November 2010

Visits and contacts at the level of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs:

December 2002 and December 2005, April 2018 - visits of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Egypt; December 6-7, 2010 - visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Egypt to Ukraine.

04-07.04.2021 - Working visit of the Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to Egypt to co-chair the 9th round of political consultations.

29.07.2020, 25.02.2021 and 23.05.2021 telephone conversations of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Egypt.

Existing high-level bilateral bodies:

Intergovernmental Joint Commission on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation between Ukraine and the Arab Republic of Egypt. The last meeting of the commission took place on 31.10-02.11.2018 in Kyiv.

Inter-parliamentary friendship group with Egypt has been established in Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine in June 2020.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

The total volume of trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Egypt in 2020 amounted to USD 1.8 billion.

Trade in goods: during 2020 the Ukrainian-Egyptian trade turnover amounted to USD 1.693 billion.

Exports of Ukrainian goods to Egypt amounted to USD 1.618 billion. Ukraine's imports from Egypt amounted to $ 75.2 million. Surplus USD 1.543 billion.

The main items of Ukrainian export: grain, ferrous metals, fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin, tobacco and its industrial substitutes.

The main product of Egyptian imports is still edible fruits, mainly citrus fruits, the supply of which accounted for 49.3% of all Egyptian imports to Ukraine.

During January-July 2021, the Ukrainian-Egyptian trade turnover amounted to USD 894.2 million. Exports of goods amounted to USD 830.8 million, imports – USD 63.4 million. The surplus in trade in goods amounted to USD 767.4 million.

Trade in services. In 2020, trade in services amounted to USD 107 million. Ukrainian enterprises provided services to Egypt for USD 34.375 million. Egyptian companies provided services worth USD 72.589 million.

During the first half of 2021, the Ukrainian-Egyptian trade in services amounted to USD 115.4 million. Exports of services amounted to USD 41.2 million, imports - USD 74.2 million. The negative balance in trade in services amounted to USD 33 million.

5. Bilateral investment cooperation

NJSC Naftogaz of Ukraine is implementing in Egypt the largest investment project abroad at the Alam al-Shawish field in the Western Desert of Egypt.

6. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

Cooperation in the cultural and humanitarian sphere is based on the Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Arab Republic of Egypt on cultural and scientific cooperation. Ukraine participates in international cultural events organized by Egypt (book fairs, film festivals, youth forums, etc.).

Tourism: In 2020, Ukraine was the first in terms of the number of tourists visiting Egyptian resorts and tourist places (727 thousand). In 2019, our state ranked second in terms of the number of tourists visiting Egypt (1,490,000).

7. Scientific and technical cooperation:

As part of the project between the National Space Agency of Ukraine and the Yuzhnoye State Design Bureau and the National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences of the ARE (NARSS) for the production and launch of the artificial Egyptian satellite «EgyptSat-1», on April 17, 2007 an Egyptian satellite was launched into a near-earth orbit from the Baikonur cosmodrome with the help of the Ukrainian carrier rocket «Dnipro».

Cooperation between the State Space Agency of Ukraine and the Egyptian Space Agency continues.

8. Bilateral treaties:

Number of documents in force: 31 (conventions, agreements, memorandums), most of which are of an economic nature.

Key documents: Agreement on Economic, Scientific and Technical Cooperation, Agreement on Promotion and Reciprocal Protection of Investments, Agreement on Trade Cooperation, Convention for the avoidance of double taxation and prevention of tax evasion with respect to taxes on income and property etc.

9. Ukrainian community:

According to unofficial data, there are more than 4 thousand of Ukrainians temporarily or permanently reside Egypt, mostly in Hurghada and Sharm el-Sheikh, as well as in Cairo and Alexandria. There are no officially registered organizations or other centers of the Ukrainian community in Egypt.

10. Diplomatic representation of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the State of Eritrea

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 20, 1993.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: December 20, 1993.

3. Political relations: no official visits have taken place since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the countries.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, the volume of trade in goods between Ukraine and Eritrea amounted to 1.572 million USD. Exports amounted to 1.562 million USD, import - 0.011 million USD. A positive balance of 1.551 million USD.

The main position in the structure of Ukrainian exports to Eritrea in 2020 was malt supplies (99.9%).

During January-July 2021, the volume of trade in goods between Ukraine and Eritrea amounted to 1.083 million USD. Exports of goods amounted to 1.051 million USD, imports - 0.032 million USD. The positive balance in trade in goods amounted to 1.019 million USD.

According to the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, there is no information on trade in services between Ukraine and Eritrea.

5. The legal framework consists of one document - the Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and Eritrea of 20.12.1993.

6. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: The State of Eritrea is the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Arab Republic of Egypt.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Gabonese Republic

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 10 January 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 1 September 1993.

3. Political relations: 

April 2011: the first official visit of the Head of the Foreign Service of Gabon to Ukraine.

29 November 2014: meeting between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Gabon during the XVth Summit of the International Organisation of La Francophonie in Dakar.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 10.86 million USD. Export of goods amounted to 10.86 million USD, which is by 10.2% more than in 2019, import amounted to 5.7 thousand USD, which is by 9.4% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine was 10.85 million USD.

The main items of Ukrainian export: meat and edible subproducts (52.3%), ferrous metals (35.1%), fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (6.8%).

The main items of import from Gabon: wood and wood products (98.3%).

In January-May 2021 the volume of trade in goods between the countries amounted to 6,7 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the information of the Ukrainian State Centre for International Education of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 11 students from the Gabonese Republic studied in Ukraine in 2020.

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: none.

7. Legal basis:

The basic documents are: Joint comuniqué on establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Gabonese Republic dated 01.09.1993 and the Protocol on political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation of Gabon dated 06.04.2011.

8. Ukrainian community: tiny.

9. Diplomatic representation of Ukraine: the Embassy of Ukraine in Gabon functioned from October 2007 to June 2012. Currently the Gabonese Republic belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Ghana

1. Recognition of Ukraine: April 22, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 17, 1992.

3. Political relations: 

On September 3, 2002, the President of Ukraine met with the Vice President of Ghana within the framework of the World Summit on Sustainable Development (Johannesburg, South Africa).

On May 13, 2008, the first bilateral political consultations were held in Accra at the level of Deputy Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the two countries.

On November 31, 2014, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine met with the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration of Ghana within the framework of the 15th Summit of the International Organization of La Francophonie (Dakar, Senegal).

On April 17, 2015, the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine met with the Minister for Foreign Affairs and Regional Integration Ghana within the framework of the meeting of the Conference on Cyberspace (The Hague, Kingdom of the Netherlands).

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

On April 01-03, 2018, the Trade Mission of Ukraine visited Ghana.

In 2020, the volume of trade of goods and services between the countries amounted to 219.6 million US dollars. Ukrainian exports of goods amounted to 81.54 million US dollars, which is 2.6% more than in 2019, imports from Ghana - 133.6 million US dollars, which is 32.5% less than in 2019. The negative balance for Ukraine is 52.06 million US dollars.

Key items of Ukrainian exports: ferrous metals (72.5%), fats and oils of animal origin (10.2%), ferrous metal products (1.3%), fertilizers (8%), meat and edible offal (3.3%).

Key items of imports from Ghana: ores, slag and ash (73.3%), cacao and products from it (25.8%).

In the first quarter of 2021, the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 44,63 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 1527 citizens of the Republic of Ghana study in higher educational institutions of Ukraine (2020).

6. Scientific and technical cooperation: 

Promising areas of cooperation are training and retraining of Ghanaian specialists in Ukraine. The Ghanaian side is interested in expanding bilateral cooperation with Ukraine in the fields of education, agriculture, agricultural technology, information technology, military technology, medicine and engineering.

7. Legal framework: 

1. Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of the Republic of Ghana (17 June 1992).

2. Protocol on Bilateral Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Ghana (13 May 2008).

8. Ukrainian community: 

The number of Ukrainian citizens living in Ghana is 33 people.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: The Republic of Ghana is in the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Tunisia and the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria (consular issues).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Kenya

1. Date of the recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: May 5, 1993

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: May 5, 1993

3. Political relations:

December 1, 2016 – Ukraine and Kenya held the First Round of Bilateral Political Consultations.

March 20-24, 2017 – The delegation of the Committee on Budget and Appropriation of the National Assembly of Kenya paid a working visit to Ukraine.

November 27-28, 2017 – State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine paid a visit to Kenya in order to take part in the official inauguration of the President of the Republic of Kenya.

May 21-23, 2018 – an official visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine to the Republic of Kenya.

May 13-15, 2019 – the official visit of the National Assembly Speaker of Kenya to Ukraine.

4. Trade and Economic relations between Ukraine and Kenya:

In 2020 bilateral trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Kenya amounted to 92,1 million USD. Exports from Ukraine to Kenya totaled 77,95 million USD, (increased in 12.6% compared to 2019), imports – 12,94 million USD (increased in 37.9% compared to 2019). The positive balance for Ukraine amounted to 65,01 million USD.

The main articles of exports from Ukraine to Kenya are: ferrous metals (54,4%), cereals (23.8%), oil seeds and fruits (10,9%), animal or vegetable fats and oils (4,8 %), vegetables (2,7%).

The main articles of imports from Kenya to Ukraine are: coffee and tea (48,3%), edible fruits and nuts (29.6%), live trees and other plants (8,9%), tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes (7.4%).

The bilateral trade in services in 2020 amounted to 1,2 million USD, with a positive balance for Ukraine of 376,000 USD.

The main categories of exports of services are: travel-related services (56,2%), services in the field of telecommunication, computer, information and IT (10,1%).

Imports from Kenya were based on business services (80.1%)

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Kenya amounted to 29,54 million USD.

5. Cooperation in the area of education:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 132 citizens of Kenya are studying in Ukraine.

6. Bilateral agreements:

1.Protocol on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Kenya (May 5, 1993);

2. Memorandum of Understanding on Consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kenya (December 1, 2004);

3. Agreement between the Government of Ukraine and the Government of Kenya pursuant to article 83 bis of the Convention on International Civil Aviation concerning the division of roles and responsibilities regarding aviation safety oversight (August 25, 2006).

7. Ukrainian community79 citizens of Ukraine live in Kenya

8. Diplomatic mission: https://kenya.mfa.gov.ua/en

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the State of Libya

1. Recognition of Ukraine: January 3, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: March 17, 1992.

3. Political relations: 

2003 - State Visit of the President of Ukraine to Libya;

2004 - Visit to Ukraine of the Secretary of the Supreme People’s Committee (Prime Minister) of Libya;

2008 - Official Visit of the President of Ukraine to Libya;

2008 - State Visit to Ukraine of the leader of the Libyan revolution M. Gaddafi;

2009 - two official visits of the Prime Minister of Ukraine to Libya;

2010 - meeting of foreign ministers on the sidelines of the 65th session of the UN General Assembly in New York;

2010 - Official Visit of the Prime Minister of Ukraine to Libya;

2011 - meeting of the President of Ukraine with the Chairman of the National Transitional Council of Libya on the sidelines of the 66th session of the UN General Assembly in New York;

2012 and 2013 - meetings of foreign ministers on the sidelines of the sessions of the UN General Assembly in New York;

2013 - Visit of the Vice Prime Minister of Ukraine to Libya;

2015 - telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of the State of Libya;

April 21, 2020 - telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Acting Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Libya.

29 July 2021 - telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Prime Minister of the Government of National Unity of Libya.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

Ukrainian-Libyan trade in goods and services in 2020 amounted to 371.3 million US dollars (114.4% compared to 2019). The trade in 2020 amounted to 369.8 million US dollars, of which Ukrainian exports amounted to 327.8 million US dollars (103.5% compared to 2019). Imports from Libya amounted to 42 million US dollars (1347.1% of 2019). Bilateral trade in services in 2020 amounted to 1.4 million US dollars of which Ukrainian exports amounted to 0.8 million US dollars (31.7% of 2019), imports from Libya - to 0.6 million US dollars (268.8%).

5. Legal framework:

Number of valid bilateral documents - 34 (conventions, agreements, memoranda).

Key documents: Agreement on Trade and Economic Cooperation, Agreement on Promotion and Mutual Protection of Investments, Agreement on Military and Technical Cooperation, Agreement on Mutual Recognition of Documents on Education and Scientific Degrees, Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology, Agreement on Cooperation on Labor Matters and Employment, Consular Convention.

6. Ukrainian community: 

There is no organized Ukrainian diaspora in Libya. About 1,000 Ukrainian citizens work under private contracts, almost all of them are involved in the medical field.

7. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine:

The Embassy of Ukraine in Libya has been functioning since 1999. Due to the aggravation of the security situation in Libya, the Embassy was evacuated to Tunisia in February 2015.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Malawi

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: December 22, 1998

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: December 22, 1998

3. Political relations: 

Neither high-level bilateral contacts nor the body between Ukraine and Malawi were established.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to 68.78 million USD. Exports of goods totaled 71,9 thousand USD (decreased in 93,6% compared to 2019), imports – 68,71 million USD (decreased in 81.3% compared to 2019). The negative balance for Ukraine amounted to 68,63 million USD.

The main articles of the Ukrainian exports are: milk, dairy products, eggs, natural honey (64,1%), boilers and machinery (29,6%).

The main articles of imports from Malawi are: tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes (100%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Malawi amounted to 9,6 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 10 citizens of Malawi are studying at the Higher educational establishments in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and Technical cooperation:

The Scientific and Technical cooperation between Ukraine and Malawi is at an early stage of development.

7. Bilateral agreements:

Joint communiqué on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Malawi (December 22, 1998).

8. The Ukrainian community in Malawi: no citizens of Ukraine in Malawi stay on Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya. 

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: Malawi belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Mali

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: January 24, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: November 5, 1992.

3. Political dialogue:

There have been no official visits since the establishment of diplomatic relations between the countries.

There is no inter-parliamentary cooperation and high-level bilateral bodies (headed by presidents or prime ministers).

On December 13-16, 2011 in the framework of the visit of the Ambassador of Ukraine to Algeria (non-resident to the Republic of Mali) to Mali for the purpose of presenting of letters of credence, meetings were held with the President of Mali A.Touré, Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation S.Maiga, Deputy Chief of General Staff B.Bamba. In February 2012, a delegation from “Ukrspetsexport” visited Mali to implement the agreements reached during this visit.

On July 9-10, 2015, during the participation in the "Croatian Forum" (Dubrovnik), the First Deputy Minister for foreign affairs of Ukraine N.Halibarenko held a meeting with the Minister for foreign affairs and international cooperation of the Republic of Mali A.Diop.

On January 9, 2019, the Decree of the President of Ukraine №6/2019 “On dispatching of National Personnel for Ukraine's Participation in the UN Multidisciplinary Integrated Stabilization Mission in Mali” was adopted. Currently, 9 officers of the Armed Forces of Ukraine are serving in Mali.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

According to the State statistics service of Ukraine, in 2020 bilateral trade in goods between Ukraine and Mali reached 17 million USD (+ 2.57 % as to the year 2019).

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Mali during January-May 2021 reached 14.8 million USD.

Exports of goods during this period amounted to 13.8 million USD (216.7 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

Main commodity items: ferrous metals - 11 million 067 thousand USD (183.2 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020), nuclear reactors, boilers, machinery - 1.9 million USD (3371.7 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020), meat and edible offal - 125.2 thousand USD (156.6 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

Imports of goods during this period amounted to 883.6 thousand USD (170.0% compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

Structure: edible fruits and nuts, optical devices and apparatus, electric machines, aircraft.

The balance of trade in goods during January-May 2021 was positive for Ukraine and amounted to 12.9 million USD.

The overall trade in services during the first quarter of 2021 reached 49.5 thousand USD.

Exports of services amounted to 49.5 thousand USD (456.5% compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

Investments from Mali to Ukraine and from Ukraine to Mali were not identified.

5. Legal framework: there are no valid bilateral agreements.

6. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Embassy of Ukraine in Algeria (area of responsibility).

Bilateral relations between Ukraineand the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

1. Recognition of Ukraine: September 30, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 30, 1992

3. Political dialogue:

On October 29-31, 2018, the Head of the State Treasury Service of Ukraine T.Slyuz took part in the 12th annual symposium of the International Association of Treasury Services (Nouakchott, Mauritania).

On October 30, 2019, within the framework of the 36th session of the Ministerial Conference of the Francophonie (Principality of Monaco), a working meeting of the State Secretary of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine A.Zayats with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Mauritania I.Ahmed took place.

By Decree of the President of Ukraine V.Zelenskyy № 256/2021 of June 17, 2021, the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to the People's Democratic Republic of Algeria Maksym Subkh was appointed as non-resident Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Ukraine to the Islamic Republic of Mauritania.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

Due to the growth of Ukrainian exports of ferrous metals, grains, as well as imports of fish and fish products, trade between the countries has increased 2.5 times in recent years.

The nomenclature of Ukrainian supplies to Mauritania practically reflects the general structure of Ukraine’s exports and for the last few years has the main and constant components of grain, metals and derived products, meat and edible by-products.

According to the State Statistics Committee of Ukraine, foreign trade in goods in 2020 reached 48.74 million USD (-0.8 % compared to 2019).

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Mauritania in 2020 reached 49.3 million USD.

The overall trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Mauritania during January-May 2021 reached 16 million 667 thousand USD.

Exports of Ukrainian goods during January-May 2021 amounted to 15 million 352 thousand USD (128.1 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

The main items of export were: cereals - 10 million 416 thousand USD (180.6 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020), meat and edible offal - 4 million 293 thousand USD (111.0 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

Imports from Mauritania to Ukraine during January-May 2021 amounted to 1 million 115 thousand USD.

The main imports were: fish and crustaceans - 296.9 thousand USD (62.0 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020), residues and waste of the food industry - 699.2 thousand USD (83.1 % compared to the corresponding period in 2020).

The balance is positive, amounting to 14 million 237 thousand USD.

The volume of trade in services during the first quarter of 2021 amounted to 199 thousand USD.

Exports of services amounted to 199 thousand USD (159.7 % compared to the corresponding period of 2020).

Imports of services are not recorded.

The balance of trade in services during the first quarter of 2021 is positive and amounts to 199.0 thousand USD.

Taking into account significant deposits of iron ore, copper, gypsum, phosphorite in Mauritania, Ukrainian companies can participate in tenders for mining, exploration and modernization of mining equipment at iron ore and copper deposits with subsequent import.

Based on Ukraine's existing potential in various industries, Ukrainian companies can supply machinery and shipbuilding equipment for the needs of heavy industry, agriculture and fisheries in Mauritania.

On April 13, 2021, at the initiative of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Ukraine, the Chamber of Commerce and Agriculture of Mauritania, with the organizational support of the Council of Exporters and Investors at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, and the assistance of the Embassy of Ukraine in Algeria the first bilateral online-meeting between two Chambers took place. It is planned to sign the Agreement on the establishment of the Business Council.

5. Legal framework:

As of August of 2021, the legal framework between the countries consists of one document: "Agreement on Cooperation in Fisheries and Maritime Affairs" (December 4, 2003).

6. Ukrainian community:

There are up to 100 Ukrainian citizens in Mauritania, who, in particular, work in the crews of fishing vessels within the Mauritanian economic zone.

Many graduates of Ukrainian higher education institutions work in various sectors of the Mauritanian economy, scientific and educational institutions.

7. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

From year 2020, Ukraine's interests in Mauritania are represented by the Embassy of Ukraine in Algeria.

The Honorary Consul of Ukraine in Nouakchott is Ms. Hadi Fal N'Bayrik (since July 2006).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Kingdom of Morocco

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 30, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 22, 1992.

3. Political relations:

2003 - meeting at the level of Heads of State on the sidelines of international multilateral meetings.

2017 - meeting of the First Deputy Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine with the Deputy Chairman of the House of Representatives of the Kingdom of Morocco (Kyiv).

September 17, 2020 - telephone conversation of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Kingdom of Morocco.

Since the establishment of diplomatic relations, 10 rounds of political consultations have been held between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of both countries.

Parliamentary friendship groups have been established in the Parliaments of both countries.

4. Trade and economic cooperation

Morocco is one of the top five importers of Ukrainian goods and exporters of its goods to Ukraine among African countries.

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods amounted to 464.873 million USD, including Ukrainian exports to Morocco - 372.965 million USD and imports of Moroccan goods to Ukraine - 91.908 million USD, positive balance - 281.057 million USD.

Main items of Ukrainian exports to Morocco are cereals (68.8%), ferroalloys and rolled steel, presscake, exhausted cossettes, vegetable oil and butter.

In 2020, the volume of trade in services amounted to 20.737 million USD: Ukrainian exports of services amounted to 20.428 million USD. The main export services by Ukrainian companies are travel services (98%), as well as telecommunications services, computer and information services (0.4%), transport services (0.2%) and business services (0.2%).

5. Legal framework: consists of 19 documents, 3 of which did not enter into force yet (pending ratification by the the Moroccan Parliament).

Key agreements: Convention on the avoidance of double taxation and the prevention of fiscal evasion toward taxes on income and on capital; Agreement on promotion and mutual protection of investments.

6. Public diplomacyThe basis for further development of bilateral cultural and humanitarian cooperation is the Agreement between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco on cooperation in the field of culture (signed in 2009). Within the framework of this Agreement, Ukrainian artists and on-stage performance groups regularly take part in international festivals in Morocco.

There are 14 agreements on cooperation between higher education institutions of the two countries.

Ukrainian higher education has a high reputation in Morocco. In the 2020-21 academic year 8,832 Moroccan students have been studying in Ukraine. Moroccan students are the second largest foreign student community and the largest community among the students from Arab and African countries in Ukraine.

7. Regional cooperation:

In 2017 the Agreement on trade, economic, scientific, technical and cultural cooperation between the Zaporizhia Regional State Administration and the Council of the Oriental Region of the Kingdom of Morocco was signed.

In 2019 the Agreement on Partnership and Cooperation between Odessa and Marrakesh was signed.

8. Ukrainian community: The Ukrainian community in Morocco numbers over a thousand people. Most citizens of Ukraine live in Rabat and Sale, as well as in Casablanca, Fes, Agadir, Marrakech and Oujda. Since 2020, there is an online Ukrainian language school, which enrolls more than 20 children.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine: The Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Morocco was opened in Rabat in 2000.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Niger

1. Recognition of Ukraine's independence: October 1, 1999.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: October 1, 1999.

3. Political relations:

June 18, 2021 - Meeting of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Dmytro Kuleba and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Niger Hassumi Massaoudou on the sidelines of the Antalya Diplomatic Forum.

4. Trade and economic cooperation

In 2020, the total trade turnover between Ukraine and Niger amounted to 471.6 thousand USD: exports of goods from Ukraine to Niger - 457.3 thousand USD, imports of goods from Niger to Ukraine - 14.3 thousand USD (increased by 155.5% as compared to 2019). The balance of trade in goods during 2020 is positive for Ukraine and amounted to 443 thousand USD.

The main items of Ukrainian exports to Niger are ferrous metals, meat, edible offal, other food products.

5. Legal framework: There are no current agreements between Ukraine and the Republic of Niger.

6. Ukrainian community is absent in Niger.

7. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Ukraine in Niger is represented by the Embassy of Ukraine in the Kingdom of Morocco (except for consular matters which are administered by the Embassy of Ukraine in Algeria).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Federal Republic of Nigeria

1. Nigeria recognized Ukraine on 11 March 1992.

2. Date of establishing of diplomatic relations: 10 December 1992.

3. Political relations:

September 2000: meeting between the President of Ukraine and the President of Nigeria during the UN Millennium Summit in New York.

September 2007: meeting between the President of Ukraine and the President of Nigeria in the framework of the 62nd Session of the UN General Assembly.

23-25 November 1997: Ukrainian Government Delegation, headed by the Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, visited Nigeria to hold the first round of the political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs.

23-26 May 2006: Nigerian Government Delegation, headed by the State Minister for Foreign Affairs of Nigeria, visited Ukraine.

2-3 September 2008: the First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine visited Nigeria.

27 September 2011: second round of bilateral political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Nigeria at the level of Deputy Ministers (Kyiv, Ukraine).

1 March 2016: meeting between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Nigeria in the framework of High-Level Segment of the 31st Session of the UN Human Rights Council (Geneva, Switzerland).

25 May 2016: third round of bilateral political consultations between the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Nigeria at the level of Deputy Ministers (Abuja, Nigeria).

5 April 2018: meeting between the Deputy Minister for Economic Development and Trade of Ukraine – Trade Representative of Ukraine with the Vice-President of Nigeria.

16 July 2021: telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Nigeria.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 86.2 million USD. Export of goods amounted to 69.31 million USD, which is by 56.8% less than in 2019, import amounted to 3.48 million USD, which is by 14.5% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine was 65.83 million USD.

The main items of Ukrainian export: ferrous metals (81.5%), products of ferrous metals (6.8%), sugar and confectionery (5.0%), foodstuffs (2.2%), alcoholic and soft beverages and vinegar (1.4%).

The main items of import from Nigeria: caoutchouc and rubber (40.9%), seeds and fruits of oil plants (26.3%), plastic products and polymer materials (22.2%), coffee and tea (3.5%), edible fruits and nuts (3.1%), electric machines (1.2%).

In January-May 2021 the volume of trade in goods between the countries amounted to 55.1 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation: 

According to the information of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 4,379 nationals of Nigeria study in Ukrainian universities (as of 2020).

6. Legal basis: 

1. Protocol on establishing diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Federal Republic of Nigeria dated 10.12.1992.

2. Protocol on consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and of the Federal Republic of Nigeria dated 12.10.1998.

3. Memorandum of Understanding between the State Financial Monitoring Committee of Ukraine and the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission of the Federal Republic of Nigeria concerning cooperation in the sphere of countering legalization (laundry) of criminal incomes and terrorism financing dated 17.10.2007.

4. Base agreement on cooperation between the National Technical University of Ukraine “Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute” and the Institute of Science and Technology, Yenagoa (Nigeria).

5. Memorandum of Understanding between the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine and the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria concerning cooperation in the sphere of peaceful research and use of space (concluded in March 2019).

7. Ukrainian community: 127 nationals of Ukraine reside in Nigeria.

 8. Diplomatic representation: Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Rwanda

1. Date of recognition of Ukraine: February 7, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 8, 1993

3. Political relations: 

Ukraine views the Republic of Rwanda as an important and promising partner in the East African region.

4. Trade and Economic relations:

In 2020 bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to 2.56 million USD.

Exports of goods totaled 1,93 million USD (decreased in 27,4% compared to 2019), imports – 509,9 thousand USD (increased in 61.9% compared to 2019). The positive balance for Ukraine amounted to 1,42 million USD.

The main articles of the Ukrainian exports are: animal or vegetable fats and oils (30,3 %), ferrous metals (27,5%), products of flour and cereals industry (15.5%).

The main articles of imports from Rwanda are: coffee and tea (99,7%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Rwanda amounted to 347 thousand USD.

5. Cultural and Humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 61 citizens of Rwanda are studying in Ukraine.

6. Bilateral agreements:

The establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Rwanda by exchange of notes (September 8, 1993).

7. The Ukrainian community in Rwanda:

According to the Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya, one Ukrainian citizen resides in Rwanda.

8. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

The Republic of Rwanda belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe 

1. Date of recognition of Ukraine: April 16, 1998

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: April 16, 1999

3. Political dialogue:

On October 28, 2019 in Lisbon, the Ambassador of Ukraine to the Portuguese Republic I. Ohnivets met with the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sao Tome and Principe E. Barros.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

In 2020, the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 12.2 thousand USD. Exports of goods amounted to 11.1 thousand USD, imports - 1.1 thousand USD. Positive balance for Ukraine - 10 thousand USD.

The main export commodities to Sao Tome: flour products (100%).

The main import commodities from Sao Tome: synthetic threads, boilers, electric machines (100%).

5. Legal framework:

Joint Communiqué on the Establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe (16 April, 1999)

6. Diplomatic representation:

 The Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Portuguese Republic (political and economic issues), and the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria (consular issues).

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Republic of the Sudan

1. Recognition of Ukraine: April 25, 1992.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 4, 1992.

3. Political relations:

May 2012 - Visit of the Minister of Transport, Roads and Bridges of the Sudan to Kyiv.

July 2012 - Visit of the Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Sudan to Kyiv.

September 2012 - Visit of the Federal Minister of Science and Communications of the Sudan to Kyiv.

February 2013 - Visit of the Federal Minister of Transport, Roads and Bridges of the Sudan to Kyiv.

July 2018 - Ukrainian-Sudanese political consultations at the level of directors of relevant departments of the Ministries of Foreign Affairs (Kyiv).

December 3, 2020 - a telephone conversation between the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Sudan.

4. Trade, economic and investment cooperation:

The total volume of trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Sudan in 2020 amounted to 69.222 million USD.

Trade in goods: In 2020, trade in goods between Ukraine and Sudan amounted to 68.076 million USD. USA. Exports - 65.870 million USD. Imports - 2.206 million USD. Positive balance of USD 63.664 million USD.

During 2020, the leading product groups in the structure of Ukrainian exports to Sudan were: fats and oils of animal or vegetable origin (57.6% of total exports), cereals (36.4%), vegetables (3.4%).

During January-July 2021, the Ukrainian-Sudanese trade turnover amounted to 51.8 million USD. Exports of goods amounted to 46.4 million USD, imports - 5.4 million USD. The positive balance in trade in goods amounted to 41.0 million USD.

Trade in services: During 2020, the Ukrainian-Sudanese volume of trade in services amounted to 1.146 million USD.

Ukrainian companies provided services to Sudan for 1.145 million USD, which is 155% of the figure for 2019.

The main export services provided by Ukrainian companies were travel-related services, which accounted for more than 80% of total services.

During the first half of 2021, Ukrainian-Sudanese trade in services was represented only by Ukrainian exports, which amounted to 0.369 million USD.

5. Legal framework:

Agreement in the form of an exchange of notes on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the RS dated 04.06.1992.

6. Ukrainian community: According to unofficial data, about 150 Ukrainians live in Sudan.

7. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine: Sudan is the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Arab Republic of Egypt. The Honorary Consulate of Ukraine operates in Khartoum. Honorary Consul - Musa Mohamed Saeed Maruf.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Tanzania

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: June 8, 1992 р.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: July 8, 1992

3. Political relations: 

The high-level bilateral commissions between Ukraine and Tanzania have not been established.

The functions of Ukraine’s Embassy to Tanzania are performed by the Embassy of Ukraine in Nairobi.

The functions of Tanzania’s Embassy to Ukraine are performed by Tanzania’s Embassy in Stockholm.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 bilateral trade between Ukraine and Tanzania amounted to 44.09 million USD. Exports totaled 34,83 million USD (increased in 76% compared to 2019), imports – 5,1 million USD (decreased in 35.2% compared to 2019). The positive balance for Ukraine amounted to 29,73 million USD.

The main articles of exports from Ukraine to Tanzania are: fertilizers (46,4%), cereals (23.6%), animal or vegetable fats and oils (19,3 %), ferrous metals (5,4%).

The main articles of imports from Tanzania to Ukraine are: tobacco and industrial tobacco substitutes (59%), plastics, polymer materials (13,6%), coffee and tea (17,8%).

The bilateral trade in services in 2020 amounted to 4,16 million USD, with a negative balance for Ukraine of 2,99 mln. USD.

The main category of exports of services from Ukraine to Tanzania were travel-related services (59,8%).

The main category of imports of services from Tanzania were travel-related services (84,5%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Tanzania amounted to 9,33 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 105 citizens of Tanzania are studying in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and Technical cooperation:

The Scientific and Technical cooperation between Ukraine and Tanzania is at an early stage of development. The promising areas, given the demand of Tanzania’s market, are modern scientific inventions in the agriculture, oil and gas industries of Ukraine, as well as the introduction of alternative sources of electricity, purification and transportation of drinking water.

7. Bilateral agreements:

The establishment of Diplomatic Relations between Ukraine and the United Republic of Tanzania by exchange of notes (July 8, 1992).

8. The Ukrainian community in Tanzania: 

According to the Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya, eight Ukrainian citizens reside in Tanzania.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

The United Republic of Tanzania belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Togolese Republic

1. Recognition of Ukraine: 10 November 1993.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: 1 September 1999.

3. Political relations:

There have been no high-level contacts and high-level bilateral bodies.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 the volume of trade in goods and services between the countries amounted to 15.28 million USD. Export of goods amounted to USD 13.99 million, which is by 44.6% less than in 2019, import amounted to 105.7 thousand USD, which is by 69.1% more than in 2019. The positive balance for Ukraine was 13.89 million USD.

The main items of Ukrainian export: ferrous metals (32.4%), vegetables (18.7%), sugar and confectionary (14.7%), meat and edible subproducts (2.4%).

The main items of import from Togo: goods, purchased in ports (82,3%), coffee and tea (17.2%).

In January-May 2021 the volume of trade in goods between the countries amounted to USD 8,6 million.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the information of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, 7 nationals of Togo studied in Ukraine in 2020.

6. Legal basis:

Notes on establishing of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Togolese Republic (1 September 1999).

7. Ukrainian community:

There is no Ukrainian community in Togo.

8. Diplomatic representation of Ukraine:

The Togolese Republic belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and the Tunisian Republic

1. Recognition of Ukraine: December 25, 1991.

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: June 24, 1992.

3. Political relations: 

December 06-08, 1993 - Official Visit of the President of Ukraine to Tunisia

February 28, 2017 - meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs on the sidelines of the 34th session of the UN Human Rights Council.

The last round of political consultations between the Ministries of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine and Tunisia took place on December 8, 2020 (via video conference).

Friendship groups have been established in the parliaments of both countries.

4. Trade and economic cooperation:

The Tunisian Republic is among major important trade and economic partners of Ukraine in Africa.

Ukrainian-Tunisian trade in 2020 amounted to 429.2 million US dollars, Ukrainian exports - 414.8 million US dollars, imports from Tunisia - 12.9 million US dollars.

In 2020, Tunisia became the second largest importer of Ukrainian products in Africa after Egypt. The main items of Ukrainian exports to Tunisia are grain, ferrous metals, lead, fertilizers and inorganic chemicals.

On April 16-17, 2019, the Third Meeting of the Intergovernmental Joint Commission on Trade, Economic and Technical Cooperation, as well as the Ukrainian-Tunisian Business Forum took place in the Tunisian capital.

5. Legal framework:

Number of valid bilateral documents - 25.

Key documents: Agreement Relating to Air Services; Agreement on Cooperation in the Field of Higher Education; Agreement on Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in Customs Matters.

A number of bilateral draft documents are under consideration of both sides.

6. Ukrainian community: 

In July 2018, a non-governmental organization of Ukrainians in Tunisia “Berehynia Association”, was officially registered in the Tunisian Republic.

Since 2014, the Ukrainian Saturday School “Zernyatko” has been functioning at the premises of the Embassy of Ukraine in Tunisia, attended by more than 20 children - citizens of Ukraine.

7. Diplomatic Mission of Ukraine:

The Embassy of Ukraine in the Tunisian Republic has been operating since September 1996.

Bilateral relations between Ukraine and Uganda

1. Recognition of Ukraine’s Independence: February 13, 1992

2. Establishment of diplomatic relations: September 7, 1994

3. Political relations: 

Neither high-level bilateral contacts nor the high-level body between Ukraine and Uganda were established.

4. Trade and Economic Cooperation:

In 2020 bilateral trade between the two countries amounted to 6.1 million USD. Exports of goods totaled 2,24 million USD (decreased in 89,6% compared to 2019), imports – 3,31 million USD (decreased in 55.2% compared to 2019). The negative balance for Ukraine amounted to 1,07 million USD.

The main articles of the Ukrainian exports are: aircrafts (29,3 %), ferrous metals (22,9%), boilers and machinery (10.7%).

The main articles of imports from Uganda are: coffee and tea (71,9%), aircrafts (20,4%).

As of the first quarter of 2021, total trade in goods and services between Ukraine and Uganda amounted to 1,7 million USD.

5. Cultural and humanitarian cooperation:

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, as of 2020, 27 citizens of Uganda are studying at the Higher educational establishments in Ukraine.

6. Scientific and Technical cooperation:

The Scientific and Technical cooperation between Ukraine and Uganda is at an early stage of development.

7. Bilateral agreements:

1. Protocol on the establishment of diplomatic relations between Ukraine and the Republic of Uganda (September 7, 1994).

2. Memorandum of Understanding between the Ministry of Defense of Ukraine and the Ministry of Defense of the Republic of Uganda in the field of military cooperation (February 18, 1995).

8. The Ukrainian community in Uganda: 

According to the Consular registry of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya, four Ukrainian citizens reside in Uganda.

9. Diplomatic mission of Ukraine:

The Republic of Uganda belongs to the area of responsibility of the Embassy of Ukraine in Kenya.

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