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Address by First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs Emine Dzhaparova at the Open Debate of the UN Security Council
13 January 2023 16:01

Address by First Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs Emine Dzhaparova at the Open Debate of the UN Security Council

12 January 2023

Mr. President, 

Ukraine highly appreciates the initiative of the Presidency of Japan to hold this important debate.

As it is rightly pointed out in the Concept Paper of this meeting, “we need to remind ourselves that we should pursue rule of law, instead of rule of force”. The Secretary-General today said by opening this debate that: “The rule of law is a very basis of our interaction, it is a culture of interaction”.

In my country it is very evident, if it is a culture, then the rule of law always goes in line with other notions like responsibility and accountability. In my country it is very clear who is black and white, and who is responsible for the harsh time we live in, and that this country is responsible for the crimes that we see, and should be held accountable. 

The law of force that Russia has been barbarically practicing over Ukraine gives a very clear signal to everyone in this room - no one is secure any more. If a country that abuses the rights and privileges of a permanent member of the Security Council attacks another UN member state, it means only one thing - security is ruined, international peace is questioned, the rule of law is brutally abused.

As our open debate is taking place here in New York, people in Bakhmut, in Soledar, in Mykolaiv, in Kherson, and in many other Ukrainian cities have been dying everyday. Ukrainians spend days and nights in basements because of Russian shelling. We have no basic things - no electricity, no water supply, no heating in the winter. For example, I packed my suitcase for NY by candlelight. Instead of a 9-hour trip between Kyiv and NY as it was before, it now it takes 36 hours to get to the UN headquarters. This is not the worst that we suffer.

Dear Colleagues,

Since February 24, the occupiers have cut short the lives of 453 children for nothing.

Every day as I enter my office in the Ministry, I see photos of Crimean Tatar girls and boys, whose fathers have been illegally sentenced by Russian occupiers for their pro-Ukrainian stand as a revenge for their pro-Ukrainian stand being allegedly called “Muslim-extremists”. It is my everyday personal reminder that we must restore justice and security.

It is precisely to that end that President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelenskyy has initiated the Peace Formula. We believe that its 10 points can bring back security and justice not only to Ukraine, but to the entire world.

More than 77 years ago, the founders of this Organization developed the document that underpins a world order based on rules. However, it is an everyday labor to make this document operational. This is why all ten points of the Plan are based on the principles of the UN Charter and one of them is specifically about its implementation.

The world needs nuclear safety. We cannot allow countries to further resort to nuclear blackmail of the world. This will only be possible when Russia withdraws all its troops from our Zaporizhzhya nuclear power plant and completes its demilitarization.

I am sure that no one in this room can deny the urgency of food security to guarantee one of the fundamental human rights – the right to food. Even while under unprecedented attack, Ukraine launched “Grain from Ukraine” a humanitarian initiative to protect those most in need.

We invite all responsible nations to join and to contribute to peace and the rule of law by facilitating and promoting the implementation of the Peace Formula Plan.

Esteemed Colleagues,

The topic of this debate is the promotion and strengthening of the rule of law. And what rule of law can we talk about without justice?

Imagine a mother who has just lost her new-born baby, as it was in Zaporizhzhia region when Russia attacked a maternity hospital in November. She obviously needs justice. She needs to know that those who are responsible for this horrific crime will be punished.

Accountability and restoration of justice is one of the key points of our Peace Formula. The only way to achieve this goal is to hold Russia’s war criminals accountable. Just like it was with the Nazi leadership. Almost 88 years ago, the United States, the UK, France and the Soviet Union signed the London Agreement and the Charter on the International Military Tribunal. These documents paved the way for the Nuremberg process.

This is exactly what we should do today – establish a Special Tribunal for the crime of aggression.

We call on all member states to support a respective resolution on the establishment of the Special international mechanism, that we call among ourselves - the Special Tribunal, which we are going to submit for the consideration of the General Assembly later this year.

Dear Ladies and Gentlemen,

To conclude my speech, I think that being with Ukraine, and being with our amazing people that are very brave, means to be on the right side of the history, means to protect very basic things, very universal things, that are about justice and about accountability. That is what I believe the majority of humankind wants to leave in. 

I thank you for your attention.


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