An arrangement on the removal of existing stocks of highly-enriched uranium from Ukraine was reached by President of Ukraine Viktor Yanukovych and President of the United States of America Barack Obama at their meeting on April 12, 2010 during Washington Nuclear Security Summit. The United States agreed to provide appropriate financial and technical compensation.
This decision was set out in the Joint Statement by the Presidents of Ukraine and the United States of April 12, 2010, which, among other provisions, envisaged Ukraine’s intention to remove a substantial part of those stocks by the end of 2010.
Ukraine fulfilled its commitment having ensured the removal of substantial part of highly-enriched nuclear materials from Sevastopol National University of Nuclear Energy and Industry, Kharkiv Physico-Technical Institute and Kyiv Nuclear Research Institute.
Thus Ukraine has proved that it remains consistent and reliable participant of multilateral efforts in strengthening the nuclear non-proliferation regime and substantially contributes to the cause of fight against nuclear terrorism.
In accordance with the United States’ commitment, set out in the Joint Statement, Ukraine has received the equivalent amount of low-enriched uranium fuel for the needs of above mentioned scientific and research facilities.
Further cooperation between Ukraine and the United States in this sphere will facilitate the development of national capabilities in applied nuclear physics, enable provision of considerable financial and technical assistance as well as promote Ukraine’s involvement in innovative processes in the peaceful use of nuclear energy.